Hototogisu (magazine)

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Hototogisu (ホトトギス "Lesser Cuckoo"?) is a Japanese literary magazine focusing primarily on haiku. Founded in 1897, it was responsible for the spread of modern haiku among the Japanese public[1] and is now Japan's most prestigious and long-lived haiku periodical.[2]

History[edit]

Hototogisu was founded in 1897 in Matsuyama by Yanagihara Kyokudō, who edited it under the direction of Masaoka Shiki.[3] It soon became the leading forum for Shiki's Nippon school of haiku. The following year, the magazine's headquarters moved to Tokyo and its editorship was taken over by Takahama Kyoshi.[3] At the same time, the magazine's scope was expanded to include tanka and haibun as well has haiku, and Shiki began publishing essays in his shaseibun ("sketch from life prose") style.[4] It had established itself as Japan's leading haiku magazine by this time, and the first Tokyo edition sold out on its first day.[5]

Following Shiki's death in 1902, the magazine's focus shifted to the fiction of modernist writers such as Natsume Sōseki, but in 1912 Kyoshi once again began including haiku.[6]

In 1916, Kyoshi initiated the "Kitchen Miscellanies" column in Hototogisu to promote the writings of women haiku poets such as Sugita Hisajo.[7][8]

When Kyoshi died in 1959, editorship passed to his son Toshio.[9] Since 1979, the editor has been Teiko Inahata (b. 1931), Kyoshi's grand-daughter.[1][10][11]

Notable contributors[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b Hirai 2003 p7
  2. ^ Ueda 2003 x
  3. ^ a b Beichman 2002 p26
  4. ^ Beichman 2002 p27
  5. ^ Beichman 2002 p152
  6. ^ Higginson 1985 p27
  7. ^ Rodd, Laurel Rasplica. "Meiji Women's Poetry" in Copeland, Rebecca L. and Melek Ortabasi (eds.) The Modern Murasaki: Writing by Women of Meiji Japan. Columbia University Press, 2006. ISBN 9780231137751 p32
  8. ^ Ueda 2003 xxvi
  9. ^ Higginson 1985 p28
  10. ^ Donegan, Patricia. Haiku Mind: 108 Poems to Cultivate Awareness and Open Your Heart. Shambhala Publications, 2010. ISBN 9781590307588 p100
  11. ^ Ueda 2003 xxxii

References[edit]

  • Beichman, Janine. Masaoka Shiki: His Life and Works. Cheng & Tsui, 2002. ISBN 9780887273643
  • Hirai, Masako ed. Now, To Be! Shiki’s Haiku Moments for Us Today / Ima, ikiru! Shiki no sekai. U-Time Publishing, 2003. ISBN 4-86010-040-9
  • Ueda, Makoto. Far Beyond the Field: Haiku by Japanese Women. Columbia University Press, 2003. ISBN 9780231128636
  • Higginson, William J., Penny Harter. The haiku handbook: how to write, share, and teach haiku. McGraw-Hill, 1985. ISBN 9780070287860