Black-rumped buttonquail

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Black-rumped buttonquail
Conservation status
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Aves
Order: Gruiformes
Family: Turnicidae
Genus: Turnix
Species: T. hottentottus
Binomial name
Turnix hottentottus
Temminck, 1815

The black-rumped buttonquail (Turnix hottentottus) is a small species of bird in the buttonquail genus.

It is found in open grassland through much of Africa outside the forested and more arid regions. It is resident in the central parts of the range but is a migratory breeder further north.

This species has a brown back, rufous chest, and pale belly. As usual for buttonquails but not for most birds, the female is larger and brighter than the male. This species is shy and difficult to flush.

Most of the range is occupied by the subspecies T. h. nanus, which has brown irides and a black rump, and is sometimes split into a distinct species. The nominate subspecies, T. h. hottentottus, the Hottentot buttonquail, which is confined to coastal fynbos in South Africa, has pale irides and a paler rump.


  • Madge and McGowan, Pheasants, Partridges and Grouse ISBN 0-7136-3966-0
  • Sinclair, Ian; Hockey, Phil and Tarboton, Warwick (2002). SASOL Birds of Southern Africa. Struik. ISBN 1-86872-721-1. 

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