Houdan

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This article is about a place in France. For chicken breed, see Houdan (chicken).
Houdan
Town hall
Town hall
Houdan is located in France
Houdan
Houdan
Coordinates: 48°47′N 1°36′E / 48.79°N 1.60°E / 48.79; 1.60Coordinates: 48°47′N 1°36′E / 48.79°N 1.60°E / 48.79; 1.60
Country France
Region Île-de-France
Department Yvelines
Arrondissement Mantes-la-Jolie
Canton Houdan
Intercommunality Pays houdanais
Government
 • Mayor (2001–2008) Jean-Marie Tétart
Area1 10.39 km2 (4.01 sq mi)
Population (2006)2 3,141
 • Density 300/km2 (780/sq mi)
INSEE/Postal code 78310 / 78550
Elevation 87–129 m (285–423 ft)
(avg. 104 m or 341 ft)

1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km² (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.

2 Population without double counting: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.

Houdan is a commune in the Yvelines department in the Île-de-France region in north-central France.

Geography[edit]

Houdan is 63 kilometres (39 mi) west of Paris in the Yvelines département. It is linked by SNCF Alençon and Paris (Gare Montparnasse).

History[edit]

Houdan female chicken

The name has evolved from the Saxon "Hoding," meaning "settlement on the hill". Houdan is thought to have been inhabited since the 5th century. By the 12th century, two churches and a chateau were present.

During the Hundred Years' War, the town changed hands and was pillaged frequently. The town was destroyed; only the 12th century keep survives from that period. After the war, the town was ruled by the English until 1475.

Houdan is mentioned in the Prophecies of Nostradamus.

Houdan was a staging post on the road from Paris to Brittany, and many old inns are still standing.

Houdan was also an important poultry market for Paris and a breed is named after the town. The breed is ornamental, but is also used for its meat and white eggs.

Attractions[edit]

The keep
  • Vestiges of the old town wall fortifications, including a keep built around 1135.
  • Houses of the 15th and 16th centuries.
  • Church, 15th - 17th centuries, Gothic style containing an organ (1735), and a Renaissance-style choir.

International relations[edit]

Twin towns – Sister cities[edit]

Houdan is twinned with:

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "British towns twinned with French towns". Archant Community Media Ltd. Retrieved 2013-07-11. 

External links[edit]