Houghton, Norfolk

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Houghton
New Houghton village street - geograph.org.uk - 545750.jpg

The Street in New Houghton, showing the houses that were built in 1729 to replace those demolished to make way for Houghton Hall and park.
Houghton is located in Norfolk
Houghton
Houghton
 Houghton shown within Norfolk
Area  7.64 km2 (2.95 sq mi)
Population 69 
   – density  9/km2 (23/sq mi)
OS grid reference TF789288
   – London  98 miles 
Civil parish Houghton
District King's Lynn and West Norfolk
Shire county Norfolk
Region East
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town KING'S LYNN
Postcode district PE31
Police Norfolk
Fire Norfolk
Ambulance East of England
EU Parliament East of England
List of places
UK
England
Norfolk

Coordinates: 52°49′39″N 0°39′15″E / 52.827402°N 0.654202°E / 52.827402; 0.654202

Houghton is a small village and a civil parish in the English county of Norfolk. It covers an area of 7.64 km2 (2.95 sq mi) and had a population of 69 in 36 households at the 2001 census.[1] For the purposes of local government, it falls within the district of King's Lynn and West Norfolk. It is the location of Houghton Hall, a large country house built by Robert Walpole, the first Prime Minister of the United Kingdom.


History[edit]

The village is listed as Houtuna in the Domesday Book of 1086.[2] It takes its name from the Old English language; hoh (hill-spur) plus tun (enclosure, settlement or farm). The old village of Houghton was demolished in 1722 to make way for the construction of Houghton Hall and the associated parkland. In 1729, the village was rebuilt on the edge of the estate and called "New Houghton";[3] the 33 surviving houses are all now Grade II listed buildings. It is one of the locations claimed to be the inspiration for Oliver Goldsmith's poem The Deserted Village[4] In 1872, the parish had 53 houses and 227 inhabitants. Other names for the village were Houghton-in-the-Brake and Houghton-Next-Harpley.[5] The parish church is inside the park and dates from the 13th century, although it was heavily restored in the 18th century when the tower was added.[6] Robert Walpole, 1st Earl of Orford and Horace Walpole are buried in the church, which is a Grade I listed building.[7]

Notes[edit]

External links[edit]

Media related to Houghton, Norfolk at Wikimedia Commons