Houldsworth Mill, Reddish

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Houldsworth Mill
Reddish Mill 1.jpg
The main entrance
Houldsworth Mill, Reddish is located in Greater Manchester
Houldsworth Mill, Reddish
Location within Greater Manchester
Cotton
Alternative names Reddish Mill
Combined SpinningWeaving
Structural system North Mill, Central engine house, South mill, Red Engineering brick
Serving canal Stockport branch, Ashton Canal
Client William Houldsworth
Further ownership
Current owners Heaton and Houldsworth Property Company
Current tenants various
Coordinates 53°26′11″N 2°09′56″W / 53.4363°N 2.1656°W / 53.4363; -2.1656
Construction
Built 1863
Completed 1865
Employees 454
Renovated
  • 1:1999
Size 64 acres (260,000 m2)
Floor count 4 plus cellar
Floor area 400,000 square feet (37,000 m2)
Design team
Architect Abraham Stott
Cotton count 80s to 250s
References
Astle 1922, p. 145

Houldsworth Mill, also known as Reddish Mill, is a former mill in built in 1865 in Reddish, Stockport, Greater Manchester, England (grid reference SJ895935). Designed by Abraham Stott, it was constructed for Henry Houldsworth, a prominent mill owner at the time. It is currently a Grade II* listed building.[1]

History[edit]

Houldsworth Mill c.1900

Reddish mill was built by Stott and Sons for William Houldsworth, it opened in 1865, it covers 64 acres (260,000 m2), and employed 454 workers. In 1898 it amalgamated with the Fine Cotton Spinners Association. The mill had 136,692 spindles and at one time spun counts of 700 and 800, but normally 80s to 250s.[2]

After cotton[edit]

Cotton production at Houldsworth Mill ceased in the 1950s. The mill was sold to a mail-order catalogue company, John Myers, and was used principally as a warehouse. In the late 1960s the building was expanded with a five-storey extension to the rear of the north end of the mill. This was built of glass and concrete in the style of the period. Mail-order trading ceased in the 1970s, and the mill was sold. It was divided into separate business units, but most of building remained vacant and it fell into a state of disrepair.[3]

Architecture[edit]

The 1865 mill consists of two five storeyed blocks of 18 bays, with a narrower 9 bay central block for warehousing and offices. The central block has two italianate stair towers and carries a central clock. The floors have become wider to accommodate the larger mules of the period. All floors are fireproof, with transverse vaults. The detached engine house used horizontal shafts that connected to vertical shafts in each spinning block. The chimney was octagonal, on a plinth with a highly embellished oversailer. In the early 20th century this was replaces with separate inverted compound engines for each block with external rope races for rope drives.[4]

Restoration[edit]

The pilot study for restoration was part funded by English Heritage. The refurbishment was funded by:[5]

  • The mill's owners (Heaton and Houldsworth Property Company)
  • Northern Counties Housing Association (and Housing Corporation)
  • English Partnerships
  • European Regional Development Fund
  • Stockport Council
  • Various anchor tenants, (including Ridge Danyers College and Kingfisher Pools)

This mill was converted by Stephenson Bell architects. It provides 70 shared ownership apartments for social housing provider Northern Counties Housing Association, start-up units for emerging high-technology and arts based businesses with commercial and leisure uses at the lower floors to provide active frontages.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

Notes
  1. ^ "Houldsworth Mill, Stockport". Images of England. Retrieved 2008-08-14. 
  2. ^ Astle 1922, p. 145
  3. ^ "Houldsworth Mill, Stockport, Cheshire, UK". h2g2. bbc. 6 June 2001. Retrieved 2009-04-13. 
  4. ^ Williams & Farnie 1992, p. 179
  5. ^ Stockport Council
Bibliography

External links[edit]