|This article needs additional citations for verification. (August 2014)|
|City of Houma|
Terrebonne Parish Courthouse, Houma
|Elevation||10 ft (3 m)|
|Area||14.2 sq mi (36.8 km2)|
|- land||14.0 sq mi (36 km2)|
|- water||0.1 sq mi (0 km2), 0.7%|
|Density||2,375.1 / sq mi (917 / km2)|
|Parish President||Michel Claudet|
|- summer (DST)||CDT (UTC-5)|
|ZIP codes||70360, 70363-64|
Houma // is a city in and the parish seat of Terrebonne Parish, Louisiana, and the largest principal city of the Houma–Bayou Cane–Thibodaux Metropolitan Statistical Area. The city's powers of government have been absorbed by the parish, which is now run by the Terrebonne Parish Consolidated Government. The population was 33,727 at the 2010 census, an increase of 1,334 over the 2000 tabulation of 32,393. 
Many unincorporated areas are adjacent to the city of Houma; the largest, Bayou Cane, is an urbanized area commonly referred to by locals as being part of Houma. It is not included in the city's census counts, and is a separate census-designated place. If the populations of the urbanized census-designated places were included with that of the city of Houma, the total would exceed 60,000 residents. The city was named after the historic Native American tribe of Houma people, believed to be related to the Choctaw. The United Houma Nation Tribe is recognized by the state of Louisiana, although it has not achieved federal recognition.
Houma was rated as an "Affordable" city by Demographia's International Housing Survey.
Houma was founded by European Americans in 1834 at a former settlement of the Houma people, who historically occupied this area. The town was named for them. It was incorporated in 1848, and again in 1898. The United Houma Nation and two other Houma tribes have been recognized by the state.
The area was developed for plantations in the antebellum years, which were worked primarily by enslaved African Americans. Since the late 19th century, the area became more industrialized and developed for trade.
In 1862, four Union soldiers en route by wagon from New Orleans to Houma were ambushed by several armed citizens. Two of the Union men were killed, and the other two were seriously wounded. In retaliation, Union officers brought 400 Union troops into Houma, where they began a wholesale arrest of residents. In his 1963 book, the historian John D. Winters describes the events:
"The investigation of the murders lasted several days but failed to reveal the guilty parties. To frighten the citizens, the home of a Doctor Jennings was burned, two other houses were torn down, and the home and slave quarters of an outlying plantation were burned. The soldiers next began to seize sheep, cattle, mules, wagons, and saddle horses. Negroes began to desert their masters and to flock to the protection of the troops. The frightened citizens had no means of resistance, and many found it hard to stand by and see their country despoiled by a few hundred troops."
According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 14.2 square miles (37 km2), of which 14.0 square miles (36 km2) is land and 0.1 square miles (0.26 km2) (0.92%) is water.
As of the census of 2010, there were 33,727 people, 10,634 households, and 16,283 families residing in the city. The population density was 2,308.5 people per square mile (891.4/km²). There were 12,514 housing units at an average density of 891.8 per square mile (344.4/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 67.46% White, 20.62% African American, 5.45% Native American, 1.71% Asian, 0.12% Pacific Islander, 0.68% from other races, and 1.87% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 5.76% of the population.
There were 11,634 households out of which 35.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 49.5% were married couples living together, 16.7% had a female householder with no husband present, and 28.8% were non-families. 24.1% of all households were made up of individuals and 10.3% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.72 and the average family size was 3.24.
In the city the population was spread out with 27.9% under the age of 18, 9.8% from 18 to 24, 29.2% from 25 to 44, 20.8% from 45 to 64, and 12.2% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 34 years. For every 100 females there were 94.8 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 92.2 males.
The median income for a household in the city was $34,471, and the median income for a family was $40,679. Males had a median income of $35,897 versus $22,202 for females. The per capita income for the city was $17,720. About 16.4% of families and 20.8% of the population were below the poverty line, including 30.7% of those under age 18 and 17.3% of those age 65 or over.
Houma and the surrounding communities are steeped in Cajun tradition and culture, a creolization of Native American, Acadian and African traditions. Downtown Houma has been listed as a significant historic district on the National Register of Historic Places. It offers a downtown walking tour and attractions such as the Bayou Terrebonne Waterlife Museum, the Folklife Culture Center, the Regional Military Museum, Southdown Plantation, the Houma-Terrebonne Civic Center, monuments to local armed forces, and local eateries.
Although Houma is quickly changing, many residents in the surrounding communities continue to make their living as their ancestors did. They are shrimpers, oystermen, crabbers, fishermen, and trappers, although more are beginning to work in occupations of the oil industry and ship building. Many long-standing traditions and lifestyles remain as part of the area's rich cultural history. Houma is also the headquarters of the Roman Catholic Diocese of Houma-Thibodaux, and home to Louisiana's second-oldest high school, Terrebonne High School.
In popular culture
- Houma and the surrounding area are the setting for the fictional Swamp Thing comic books, and the 1994 V. C. Andrews book Ruby. The Suicide Squad is based at Belle Reve in Houma, as well.
- The 1996 film The Apostle, starring Robert Duvall, was partially filmed in Terrebonne Parish.
- The 1999 films Crazy in Alabama, Fight Club and A Lesson Before Dying were partially filmed in Houma.
- Many wetlands shots in the IMAX production, Hurricane on the Bayou, were filmed in the area.
- The 2005 film The Skeleton Key is set in Houma and its area.
- The HBO documentary, The Recruiter, followed the life of an Army recruiter and several of his recruits from Houma.
- Several scenes from the 2013 film, The Butler, starring Forest Whitaker and Oprah Winfrey, were filmed in downtown Houma.
The local newspaper is The Courier, founded in 1878 as Le Courrier de Houma by the French-born Lafayette Bernard Filhucan Bazet. He first published it in four-page, half-French half-English editions. Sold to The New York Times Company in 1980, it is now part of the New York Times Regional Newspaper Group.
The Tri-Parish Times is located in Houma. The newspaper is a weekly publication with a website updated daily. It serves the Terrebonne, Lafourche and St. Mary parishes. Owned by the Guidry Group, Inc., it has provided local news for almost 10 years.
The area's only local broadcast TV station KFOL-CD is located in Houma. KFOL, also known as HTV, produces a weeknight newscast, followed by local phone calls and guests. Other shows include Sportsman's Paradise and One on One. KFOL broadcasts in digital on channel 30.1. The statewide TV network LCN-TV produces original Louisiana programming which showcases Louisiana's entertainment, culture, talent and industry. LCN-TV is delivered to all media distributors. Debuted in 2007, LCN-TV continues to produce Louisiana TV shows for the U.S.
Houma is served by Houma-Terrebonne Airport, located 3 miles southeast of the central business district.
- Cambrai, France
- Datca, Turkey
- Bathurst, New Brunswick, Canada
- In June 2012, Terrebonne Parish signed a letter of intent to become a sister city with Weihai, China, for economic development purposes.
- George Arceneaux, Jr., U.S. District Court judge from 1979 until his death in office in 1993
- Tab Benoit, Blues musician and co-star of the IMAX movie feature Hurricane on the Bayou.
- Sherman A. Bernard, Louisiana insurance commissioner from 1972-88, graduated from Terrebonne High School in Houma.
- Elward Thomas Brady, Jr., state representative from Terrebonne Parish from 1972-76; businessman
- Wanda Brister, operatic mezzo-soprano, presently on the faculty at Florida State University.
- Joe Burks, professional athlete
- Leonard J. Chabert, member of both houses of Louisiana State Legislature from Terrebonne Parish; namesake of Leonard J. Chabert Medical Center in Houma
- Marty J. Chabert, former state senator from Terrebonne and Lafourche parishes
- Norby Chabert, current Republican member of the Louisiana State Senate from Terrebonne and Lafourche parishes
- Richie Cunningham, professional athlete
- Gordon Dove, state representative
- Claude B. Duval (1914–1986), former member of the Louisiana State Senate
- Allen J. Ellender (1890–1972), former president pro tempore and Democratic U.S. Senator
- Leon Gary, mayor of Houma (1948-64)
- Skyler Green, gridiron football wide receiver and return specialist
- Hal Haydel, professional athlete
- Cyril and Libbye Hellier, operatic sopranos
- Frank Lewis, professional athlete
- Morris Lottinger, Jr., former state representative and retired circuit court judge from Houma
- Morris Lottinger, Sr., state representative from 1936-50, House Speaker from 1948-50, and state circuit court judge until his retirement in 1965
- Jay Pennison, professional athlete
- Dax Riggs, frontman for Acid Bath, Deadboy and the Elephantmen, Agents of Oblivion, and various other solo/ collaborative works
- Quvenzhané Wallis, film actress (Beasts of the Southern Wild, 2012)
- J. Louis Watkins, Jr., judge of the Louisiana First Circuit Court of Appeal from 1979 to 1997; former attorney in Houma
- Lenar Whitney, Houma businesswoman, first woman state legislator from Terrebonne Parish
- Tramon Williams, professional athlete
- Brandon Jacobs, professional athlete, NFL running back
The climate in this area is characterized by hot, humid summers and generally mild to cool winters. According to the Köppen Climate Classification system, Houma has a humid subtropical climate, abbreviated "Cfa" on climate maps.
- Kenyon and Knott (Addenda); Webster's New Geographical Dictionary (1984).
- "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07.
- "Houma (city), Louisiana". quickfacts.census.gov. Retrieved November 21, 2012.
- State of Louisiana "List of state and federally recognized tribes"
- "United States". 9th Annual Demographia International Housing Affordability Survey: 2013 Ratings for Metropolitan Markets. Demographia. Retrieved 21 January 2013.
- John D. Winters, The Civil War in Louisiana, Baton Rouge: Louisiana State University Press, 1963; ISBN 0-8071-0834-0, pp. 150-151
- "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
- "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- "Some scenes from The Butler shot in Houma, Louisiana", Daily Comet, 15 August 2013; accessed August 21, 2014.
- "About the Courier", The Courier online edition (September 30. 2004); retrieved October 19, 2007.
- Tri-Parish Times website; accessed August 21, 2014.
- "Terrebonne parish establishes sister city with China". HoumaToday.com. Retrieved 10/06/2013. Check date values in:
- "Richie Cunningham profile". Pro-Football-Reference.Com. Retrieved November 23, 2012.
- "Skyler Green". Pro-Football-Reference.Com. Retrieved November 23, 2012.
- "Hal Haydel profile at". Baseball-Reference.Com. Retrieved November 23, 2012.
- "Frank Douglas Lewis". Pro-Football-Reference.Com. Retrieved November 23, 2012.
- "Jay Leslie Pennison". Pro-Football-Reference.Com. Retrieved November 23, 2012.
- "Watkins to Watrous". politicalgraveyard.com. Retrieved June 15, 2013.
- "Tramon Williams". Pro-Football-Reference.Com. Retrieved November 23, 2012.
- Climate Summary for Houma, Louisiana
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Houma, Louisiana.|
- Houma Today (website of The Courier newspaper)
- Terrebonne Economic Development Authority, Official Website