View of Hound Tor
|Elevation||414 m (1,358 ft)|
|Prominence||c. 26 m|
|Topo map||OS Landranger 191|
Hound Tor is a tor on Dartmoor, Devon, England and is a good example of a heavily weathered granite outcrop. It is easily accessible, situated within a few minutes from the B3387 between Bovey Tracey and Widecombe-in-the-Moor. Sabine Baring-Gould said that it derived its name from the shape assumed by the blocks on the summit that have been weathered into forms resembling the heads of dogs peering over the natural battlements.
To the south-east of the tor, on a north-eastern-facing slope are the remains of Hundatora, a deserted medieval village, which was excavated between 1961 and 1975. It has four Dartmoor longhouses, many with a central drainage channel, and several smaller houses and barns. The three grain storage barns appear to have been adapted to include corn dryers, indicative of the deteriorating climate which led to the abandonment of the settlement by 1350.
Land for 4 ploughs. In Lordship 1 plough; 2 slaves; 1 virgate, 2 villages and 4 smallholders with 1 plough and 1 virgate. Meadow, 9 acres; woodland 2 acres; pasture, 1 league. 1 cattle; 28 sheep; 18 goats. Value 20 s.
The villagers apparently left little behind when they left, though the acidic soil would have destroyed much evidence; the excavations unearthed a single coin from the time of Henry III, and some broken pottery originating from Crockerton in Dorset.
Other archaeological remains
Outlines of medieval fields can still be seen, especially from vantage points on top of the tor. The fields are bounded by "corn ditches" - granite walls fronting a ditch, with earth piled up behind the wall.
According to a local legend Hound Tor was created when a pack of hounds were turned to stone (see Bowerman's Nose).
It is also thought to have inspired a number of artists and writers, such as Sir Arthur Conan Doyle in The Hound of the Baskervilles. Hound Tor was used as a location in the BBC Sherlock TV series when adapting that story.
- Eric Hemery (1983). High Dartmoor. London: Robert Hale. pp. 739–740. ISBN 0-7091-8859-5.
- "Houndtor Settlement". Legendary Dartmoor. Retrieved 2008-04-01.
- Chapman, L. The Ancient Dwellings of Grimspound and Hound Tor. Orchard publishing (Newton Abbot) 1996, pp. 22-25
- "A Brief History Of Time (Travel): The Sontaran Experiment". www.shannonsullivan.com. Retrieved 2008-04-01.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Hound Tor Deserted Medieval Village.|
- Hound Tor - official site at English Heritage