Houndsditch

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Houndsditch
HoundsditchEC3.jpg
City of London Corporation sign marking the modern Houndsditch
Length 0.2 mi (0.3 km)
Location London, United Kingdom
North end Outwich Street
South end St. Botolph Street

Houndsditch is a one-way street in London linking Outwich Street in the north-west to St. Botolph Street in the south-east. It runs through a part of the Portsoken and Bishopsgate Without wards in the City of London, the historic nucleus and modern financial centre of London. It marks the route of an old ditch that ran outside a part of the London Wall, renowned for being used as a site for disposing of waste and, particularly, deceased dogs.

The road forms part of the A1211 route between Barbican and Whitechapel. Traffic continues onto Houndsditch from Outwich Street, a short section of road behind the Heron Tower, and then enters St. Botolph Street at the south-eastern end of Houndsditch. From there, traffic may turn left onto Whitechapel High Street or right onto Aldgate High Street.

History[edit]

1872 print of Houndsditch

A ditch was first constructed outside the City of London's defensive wall by the Romans but later became filled in and obliterated. The Danes under Cnut the Great constructed a town ditch in order to control access to the city.[1] It was redug in 1211 as a part of the defences, and was then about 75 feet (23 m) in width. The City authorities found it a continual problem to scour and clean the ditch, as many of the adjacent houses found it convenient to dispose of filth and refuse in it. In 1595, levelling the ground was first considered,[2] although the street running alongside the ditch had first been paved in 1503. The name Houndsditche first appears in the 13th century, and appears to relate to the quantity of rubbish and dead dogs thrown in the ditch;[3] previously it seems to have been referred to only by the appellation the Ditch. Several dogs' skeletons were unearthed at Houndsditch in 1989.[4]

In December 1910, anarchists killed three police officers who had interrupted them during an attempted burglary at a jeweller's shop at No. 119, Houndsditch. In January 1911, two of the gang were cornered and subsequently killed in the Siege of Sidney Street.

Notable sites[edit]

Approaching Bishopsgate, the modern office blocks do not occupy the full building plots, leaving some small areas empty. These were historically the sites of Plague pits.

Traffic flows one-way south-eastward from Outwich Street down the modern Houndsditch, which continues onto St. Botolph Street, connecting to either Aldgate High Street (west) or Whitechapel High Street (east). The street is home to a number of bars and offices and is partly bounded by the Heron Tower, the tallest building in the City of London.

The nearest London Underground station is Aldgate and the closest mainline railway station is Liverpool Street. The street is served by London Buses routes 42, 78, 100, 135, and 205.

References[edit]

  1. ^ The Anglo-Saxon Chronicles Earle and Plummer
  2. ^ Horsmylle (le) - Hucker's Court, St. Nicholas Lane A Dictionary of London (1918) accessed: 28 May 2008.
  3. ^ Stow (ibid)
  4. ^ http://www.hidden-london.com/houndsditch.html