House bunting

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House bunting
Emberiza striolata2.jpg
Adult, Morocco
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Aves
Order: Passeriformes
Family: Emberizidae
Genus: Emberiza
Species: E. sahari
Binomial name
Emberiza sahari
Levaillant, 1850
Synonyms[1]

Emberiza striolata sahari

The house bunting (Emberiza sahari) is a passerine bird in the bunting family Emberizidae.

Juvenile, Marrakech, Morocco

It is a resident breeder of dry country from north-western Africa from Morocco south to Mali and east to Chad.[2] In Morocco, the species has expanded from the Atlas Mountains northwards since the 1960s, and has recently reached Tangier [3] and Tétouan [4] on the southern shore of the Strait of Gibraltar. The house bunting breeds around human habitation, laying two to four eggs in a nest in a hole in a wall or building. Its natural food consists seeds, or when feeding young, insects.

It is 14 cm long, similar in size to the striolated bunting and smaller than the rock bunting. The breeding male has a sandy orange-brown body and a grey head slightly dark-streaked but without the white supercilium that the striolated bunting has. The female's head has a brown tint to the grey, and more diffused streaking.

The house bunting has recently been split from the closely related striolated bunting,[5][6] of which it used to be treated as a subspecies, Emberiza striolata sahari. The striolated bunting has stronger facial striping and a paler belly than the house bunting.[2]

The incubation period of the clutch of three eggs is 12–14 days.[2]

Eggs of Emberiza sahari MHNT

The song, given from a perch, is similar to, but weaker than, that of the common chaffinch.

In Morocco, the species is traditionally regarded as sacred, and has become very tame, freely entering and feeding inside houses, shops and mosques.[7]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Emberiza sahari on Avibase
  2. ^ a b c Byers, C., Olsson, U., & Curson, J. (1995). Buntings and Sparrows. Pica Press ISBN 1-873403-19-4.
  3. ^ Amezian M., Bensusan K., Perez C. & Thompson I. 2006. Is House Bunting about to colonise Europe? Birding World 19: 263.
  4. ^ El Khamlichi, R. 2012. House Bunting finally colonised Tétouan. Moroccan Birds. Online at: http://moroccanbirds.blogspot.com/2012/06/house-bunting-emberiza-sahari-finally.html; Posted on 8 June 2012; Consulted 15 August 2014.
  5. ^ Collinson, M. (2006). Splitting headaches? Recent taxonomic changes affecting the British and Western Palearctic lists. British Birds 99 (6): 306-323.
  6. ^ Kirwan, Guy M. and Hadoram Shirihai (2007) Species limits in the House Bunting complex Dutch Birding 29(1): 1-19
  7. ^ Snow, D. W. & Perrins, C. M. (1998). The Birds of the Western Palearctic Concise Edition. OUP ISBN 0-19-854099-X.