House concert

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A house concert or home concert is a musical concert or performance art that is presented in someone's home or apartment, or a nearby small private space such as a barn, apartment rec room, lawn, or back yard.[1][2][3][4][5][6][7][8][9]

The logistics of holding a concert in a 21st-century home can be complicated, depending on a number of factors. These considerations include audience capacity, collecting cash or donations, whether the proceeds will be split with the host, marketing and whether to publicize the venue, the equipment or sound system, to provide refreshments or to hold a potluck, whether to have one show or present a series, and the choice of musicians.

Common in the historical past, but now unusual in the age of large concert arenas, a house concert is almost invariably described as an "intimate" experience.[4][5][6][8][9][10][11]

Logistics[edit]

Typically, the audience capacity for a house concert is smaller than at a coffeehouse or club. Some concert spaces may hold 200 people, or 40,[5] yet some hold about two dozen.[3][8]

Generally tickets are not sold in advance, but cash is collected at the show.[3] Sometimes, the money collected goes straight to the performers, with no "profit motive" on the presenter's part.[3] However, at other times, the purpose of the show is to collect money to pay for rent, or is paid by a donation.[4][8] In fact, calling it a donation may prevent zoning issues that a host is operating a business such as a cabaret illegally or without a license.[8]

House concerts are conducted "by invitation" (for practical reasons), social media such as Twitter or Facebook,[8] or word of mouth, rather than as "public" concerts like a club or concert hall.[2][3] However, in smaller towns and cities, the local media may help publicize such a concert.[1][2][4][5][6] In an academic study on the cataloging of concert event ephemera, one of the only two flyers studied that did not have a publicized venue was for a house concert, the other being obscure.[12]

Traditionally, there is little or no sound system, so performers may play and sing acoustically, or perform or act without a microphone.[4] Since at least the 1970s, however, extension cords, mult boxes, and other equipment innovations have enabled such performers to hook into a sound system, either inside or outside a house. Nonetheless, the musicians "use just enough equipment to make for a complete experience without being too loud for the neighbors."[3]

Refreshments, if any, are usually either a "pot luck" brought by the listeners, or provided by the hosts using a bit of the gate receipts.[1][5][6][8] Sometimes, the performers get a meal and/or lodging with the presenters as part of their compensation.[3][8]

Most house concerts are "one-shots", but others are presented as a series, for example, every two to eight weeks over a "season", of anywhere from six to twelve months.[13] Some lesser-known musicians may go on tour with gigs consisting primarily of house concerts.[3][6] Even notable musical acts, such as Sirsy, may schedule "private party" gigs while on tour.[14]

A true "house concert" today needs to be distinguished from a smaller musical ensemble, recital at a high school, or modern chamber music concert, which may sometimes be called a "house show" or "house concert".[15]

Experience[edit]

Now unusual in the age of large concert arenas, a house concert is almost invariably described as an "intimate" experience.[4][5][6][8][10][11] In "a small setting as a house concert, [a singer] fills the air with her voice and [a musician] with his guitar. You are surrounded by the music."[3] It is "up close and personal."[8]

A house concert is also a unique experience in the United States of 2010; one blogger at Wired magazine wrote:

I had never been to a house concert before, and wasn’t sure what to expect. We RSVP’d to the proper email address, got the address and printed out directions. Marian was nice enough to let us show up an hour early to chat and feed her dinner. We visited for a while, and then other people started showing up. We knew no one, but most people there were pretty friendly. There were almost two dozen people by the time the concert began. ... All of [the songs] were better live than recorded. I have found that hearing music live gives you a whole new appreciation for the recorded versions. She would also add commentary and asides to many of the songs, which made them funnier and applicable to that particular concert.... At the break, people paid their money, bought her CDs, and generally gushed about the concert.... All in all, I would definitely go to a house concert again. Marian says she enjoys them the most, and I can see why. They bring people together for one night, often complete strangers, which can sometimes facilitate more lasting friendships. In addition, you get to hear live music and support the independent arts. Helping one person achieve success inspires others to take chances. Additionally, you can directly support the artist, instead of a venue taking a cut. I wish more musicians would do house concert tours.

—Jenny Williams, blogger for Wired [3]

At house concerts, "you don't have worry about whether you'll have a good seat since the show is literally in the living room of the home ... at ... trailside Court, New City."[6] This comes with a duty to recall "that this is a house concert, so behave accordingly and don’t do anything you wouldn’t do in your own house, OK?"[13]

People host house concerts because they "want to share great music," or they may live an a town where "there are too few venues where people can go to experience great music in a close and friendly environment."[10] One may also wish to host a home concert because it makes one happy, or "to give exposure to some incredible musicians whose talents [they] truly believe in and wish to help promote."[10] A retired musician may be a host as "one way of reconnecting with that part of themselves."[8]

Once they go to a house concert, and discover its charms, it is a great experience for children, whether for smaller "kids",[3] or "18-year-olds".[16] It is not for everyone:

Yet recently I played a house concert for a high school graduation party. The 18-year-olds sat in silence for two hours, and at the end bought my CD. This was just an average bunch of Vermont kids, hanging out, grooving to some music. I just want to sing, and if these kids are any indication, I have a sneaking suspicion that they just want to listen.

—Myra Flynn, singer [16]

History[edit]

House concerts are not new, yet have had a recent resurgence in the late 20th and early 21st centuries.[7][8][9]

Precursors[edit]

Folk music, country music, and blues music have long histories of performances at people's homes and backyards.[7] Most people's only experience of music was house concerts:

Listening to live music is something that used to be ubiquitous in our culture, before recorded music was widespread. Concerts were attended, balls were held and there was usually at least one person in each family who knew how to play an instrument.

—Jenny Williams, blogger for Wired [3]

In the period of the Renaissance and Baroque, especially in the 16th Century, all secular music was performed in a chamber of the nobleman's home, and thus called chamber music.[11] Only in 17th Century did it come to mean either secular or religious music,[11] and only in the time of Beethoven and later were halls built specifically for public concerts. Even into the 20th century, chamber music was performed in home concerts. Ralph Kirkpatrick, the famous musician, recalled playing a clavichord at a house concert in Hamburg, Germany.[17]

From the mid-19th century until the mid-20th century, many wealthy individuals had pipe organs installed in their homes. Prior to the advent of recorded music, the organ was the only instrument able to provide a real approximation of orchestral music under the control of one performer, with sufficient volume to entertain a group of people. In Great Britain and Europe, and especially in America, a wealthy person's home was not considered complete without a pipe organ. The AEolian Organ Company in particular catered almost exclusively to this clientele. Many house organs were of modest size, with two manuals and 10 to 20 stops; however, the homes of the richest had organs that rivaled a cathedral organ in size. While many home organs began to have automatic player mechanisms (operating in a manner similar to the player piano roll system) from the 1890s, the highest artistic standard was, of course, a live performer. Members of the upper-class families, such as the Vanderbilts, Carnegies, Mellons, and Schwab regularly had house concerts for their friends to hear a performance by a noted artist on their pipe organ. Dependent on the taste of the host, these house concerts generally included very little "legitimate" organ music, and consisted mainly of arrangements of popular tunes, operatic overtures, and transcriptions of orchestral works. Several prominent organists such as Archer Gibson worked almost exclusively playing house parties. The house parties for organ music (and the organs installed for them) had a decline concurrent with the rise in availability of recorded music, there now being very few examples of house organs or house concerts with live organ music.[citation needed]

House concerts have been attested since at least the early 20th century in New York City. In the 1930s Harlem, people rented out "buffet flats" (an apartment room set aside for travellers or shows) for blues concerts or risque performances.[18] At a particularly "open house" of a sex show, Ruby Smith said, "People used to pay good just to go in there and see him do his act."(sic.) [18] An obese African-American female impersonator did her drag show at a buffet flat at 101 W. 140th Street.[18] The elite of Harlem "called on the police to close the brothels and buffet flats...." that were using such home concerts as covers for illicit sex.[18]

In 1957, short story writer Walter Ballenger described a house concert for students in Chicago.[19]

Hip hop music[edit]

DJ Kool Herc is credited with helping to start hip hop and rap music at a house concert at an apartment building in the South Bronx. The Bronx's evolution from a hot bed of Latin jazz to an incubator of Hip hop was the subject of an award-winning documentary, produced by City Lore and broadcast on PBS in 2006, "From Mambo to Hip Hop: A South Bronx Tale". Hip Hop first emerged in the South Bronx in the early 1970s. The New York Times has identified 1520 Sedgwick Avenue "an otherwise unremarkable high-rise just north of the Cross Bronx Expressway and hard along the Major Deegan Expressway" as a starting point, where DJ Kool Herc presided over parties in the community room.[20][21]

On August 11, 1973, DJ Kool Herc was a Dee Jay and Emcee at a party in the recreation room of 1520 Sedgwick Avenue in the Bronx adjacent to the Cross-Bronx Expressway.[22] It was not the actual "Birthplace of Hip Hop"—the genre developed slowly in several places in the 1970s—but was verified to be the place where one of the pivotal and formative events occurred.[22] Specifically, DJ Kool Herc:

extended an instrumental beat (breaking or scratching) to let people dance longer (break dancing) and began MC’ing (rapping) during the extended breakdancing. ... [This] helped lay the foundation for a cultural revolution.

Punk Rock[edit]

Basement shows are common within the North American punk rock scene. Robin Goodhue hosted and performed the first basement show in 1978.

House music[edit]

"House music" may, or may not, have anything to do with house concerts; there is considerable dispute whether the term used for that genre comes from a particular venue (the Warehouse, or House for short), a DJ who invented it at his mother's house concerts, or a club's own trademark style.

That term may have its origin from a Chicago nightclub called The Warehouse which existed from 1977 to 1982, and which was patronized primarily by gay black and Latino men.[23] The disco music played by the club's resident DJ, Frankie Knuckles, said in the Channel 4 documentary Pump Up The Volume, that the first time he heard the term "house music" was upon seeing "we play house music" on a sign in the window of a bar on Chicago's South Side.[24] Chip E.'s 1985 recording "It's House" may also have helped to define this new form of electronic music.[25] Chip E. lent credence to the Knuckles association, claiming the name came from methods of labelling records at the Importes Etc. record store, where he worked in the early 1980s: bins of music that DJ Knuckles played at the Warehouse nightclub was labelled in the store "As Heard At The Warehouse", which was shortened to simply "House".[26]

Another South-Side Chicago DJ, Leonard "Remix" Rroy, in self-published statements, claims he put such a sign in a tavern window because it was where he played music that one might find in one's home or house; in his case, it referred to his mother's soul & disco records, which he worked into his sets.[citation needed]

Juan Atkins, an originator of Detroit techno music, claims the term "house" reflected the exclusive association of particular tracks with particular DJs; those tracks were their "house" records (much like a restaurant might have a "house" salad dressing).[27]

Recent uses[edit]

Recently, Larry Lyon's Americana Unplugged established a house concert-type venue in downtown Davis, Oklahoma featuring folk and Americana musicians from across the globe. House concerts are now held across the United States, especially California, Texas, Brooklyn, New York, and Boston, Massachusetts.[8] There have been house concerts across America, in such places as Springfield, Ohio,[9] Bozeman, Montana,[2] outside Phoenix, Arizona,[3] Vermont,[16] Sisters, Oregon (near Bend, Oregon),[4] New City, New York,[6] and Covington, Georgia.[8]

More recently, they have been reported in many places around the world, from Canada,[5][6][28] to South Korea,[29] and India.[30]

A house concert can be a useful step for curing a musician's "performance anxiety", also known as "stage fright":[31]

I ask the client to set up some performance during the course of the treatment if she doesn’t have any already scheduled. There is really no other way to measure change than to get the musician out in the world performing. A "test performance" may be as simple as a house concert in front of friends or a more formal public program. I attend programs (not house recitals) if I believe my attendance will help the client and she wants me to be there.

—Charles D. Plummer [31]

Bruce Watson, who has been called "an icon of the Australian folk scene", has performed extensively at house concerts throughout Australia and New Zealand.[32]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c "VIDEO: House concert in Royal Oak," Daily Tribune, June 29, 2010. Found at Oakland Daily Tribune website. Accessed July 20, 2010.
  2. ^ a b c d "Set Your Ass in the Grass 4th of July House Concert," Bozeman Daily Chronicle, July 2, 2010. Found at Bozeman Daily Chronicle. Accessed July 20, 2010.
  3. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m Jenny Williams, "Marian Call House Concert, or The Importance of Music in Our Lives," By June 27, 2010, Wired "Geekdad" (blog). Found at Wired website. Accessed July 20, 2010.
  4. ^ a b c d e f g Ben Salmon, "Sisters musician plays show: Dennis McGregor plans solo house concert," The Bulletin (Bend, Oregon), June 25. 2010. Found at The Bend Bulletin website. Accessed July 20, 2010.
  5. ^ a b c d e f g "Scots playing in Merville" (Photo caption: "Findlay Napier and Gillian Frame will perform July 18 at a Merville house concert as well as offering guitar and fiddle workshops"), Comox Valley Record (Comox Valley, British Columbia), July 8, 2010. Found at Comox Valley Record website. Accessed July 20, 2010.
  6. ^ a b c d e f g h i William Demarest, "From Alaska to New City: Folk Singer Brings Haunting Tunes to 'The Borderline': Local folk music club hosts Kray Van Kirk for intimate concert." New City Patch (blog), July 15, 2010. Found at New City Patch website. Accessed July 20, 2010.
  7. ^ a b c House concerts website About Us page. Accessed July 21, 2010.
  8. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n Jim Kavanagh, "Intimate shows bring down the house, CNN, June 10, 2010. Found at CNN website. Accessed July 21, 2010.
  9. ^ a b c d Andrew McGinn, "Freedom Farm Acoustic Concert season opens: The trend of 'house concerts' — it’s exactly what it sounds like — has come to the area," Springfield News-Sun, April 16, 2010. Three photos by Marshall Gorby; captions: (1) "Gary Haber stands in front of the century-old livestock barn he turned into a concert venue. (2) "John Batdorf, a Springfield native who went on to record for Atlantic as one-half of the early '70s duo Batdorf and Rodney, will return to the area to play an intimate house concert, part of a growing trend of live shows." (3) "Gary Haber, owner of Freedom Farm just outside of West Liberty, in his "concert hall," the loft of a century-old barn." Found at Springfield News-Sun website. Accessed July 21, 2010.
  10. ^ a b c d Russ and Julie's House Concerts website. Accessed July 21, 2010.
  11. ^ a b c d John H. Baron, Intimate music: a history of the idea of chamber music, p. 1. (Pendragon Press, 1998) ISBN 978-1-57647-100-5. Found at Google Books. Accessed July 21, 2010.
  12. ^ Michael J. Graves, "CONCERT EVENT METADATA: DESCRIBING CONCERTS EFFECTIVELY IN A DIGITAL ENVIRONMENT," A Master's paper submitted in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of Master of Science in Library Science, and Approved. (Chapel Hill, North Carolina April 2003). Found at School of Information and Library Science of the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill website and Google Scholar website. All accessed July 20, 2010.
  13. ^ a b "The Playlist: Quick Hits," Columbia Free Times, July 13–19, 2010. Found at Columbia Free Times website. Accessed July 20, 2010.
  14. ^ See Sirsy tour page. Accessed July 21, 2010.
  15. ^ See, e..g, "Annual Recital: Valley Stream music school celebrates the greats," Long Island Herald, July 14, 2010. Found at Long Island Herald website. Accesssed July 20, 2010.
  16. ^ a b c Myra Flynn, "Flynn: Finding an Audience," (Interview), Vermont Public Radio, July 13, 2010. Found at Vermont Public Radio website. Accessed July 20, 2010.
  17. ^ Ralph Kirkpatrick, "On Playing the Clavichord," Early Music, Vol. 9, No. 3, Wind Issue (July , 1981), pp. 293-305 (Oxford University Press). Abstracts found at JSTOR and Oxford Journals websites. All accessed July 20, 2010.
  18. ^ a b c d George Chauncey, Gay New York: gender, urban culture, and the making of the gay male world, 1890-1940, pp. 250-253, Chapter 8, notes 71, 78 (New York: Basic Books, a division of HarperCollins, 1994). ISBN 0-465-02633-8. Note 71 citing Charles Albertson, Interview with Ruby Smith, as quoted by Eric Garber, "A Spectacle in Color: The Lesbian and Gay Subculture of Jazz Age Harlem", in Hidden from History: Reclaiming the Gay and Lesbian Past (ed. Martin Duberman, Martha Vicinus, and George Chauncey) (New York: New American Library, 1989), pp. 318-333. Note 78 citing Hazel V. Carby, "Policing the Black Women's Body in the Urban Context," in Critical Inquiry (1992) pp. 738-755.
  19. ^ Walter Ballenger, "When the saints go marching in," Chicago Review, 1957 First page found at JSTOR website. Accessed July 20, 2010.
  20. ^ David Gonzalez, "Will Gentrification Spoil the Birthplace of Hip-Hop?", New York Times, May 21, 2007. Found at New York Times website. Last accessed July 20, 2010.
  21. ^ Jennifer Lee, "Tenants Might Buy the Birthplace of Hip-Hop", New York Times, January 15, 2008. Found at New York Times website. Last accessed July 20, 2010.
  22. ^ a b c Tukufu Zuberi ("detective"), BIRTHPLACE OF HIP HOP, History Detectives, Season 6, Episode 11, New York City, found at PBS official website. Accessed February 24, 2009.
  23. ^ "House". Encyclopædia Britannica. Retrieved May 1, 2007. 
  24. ^ Frankie Knuckles (featured subject); Hindmarch, Carl (director) (2001). Pump Up The Volume. Channel Four. 
  25. ^ Bidder, Sean (2001). Pump Up the Volume: A History of House. London: Channel 4. ISBN 978-0-7522-1986-8. 
  26. ^ Chip E. (interviewee); Hindmarch, Carl (director) (2001). Pump Up The Volume. Channel Four. "If you were a DJ in Chicago, if you wanted to have 'the' records, there was only one place to go and that was Importes. This is where Importes was. People come in, they're looking for 'Warehouse music', and we would put, you know, 'As heard at the Warehouse' or 'As played at the Warehouse', and then eventually we just shortened that down to - because people also just in the vernacular, they started saying 'yeah, what's up with that 'House music' - now at this time they were talkin' about the old, old classics, the Salsoul, the Philly classics and such - so we put on the labels for the bins, we'd say 'House music'. And people would start comin' in eventually and just start askin', 'yeah, where's the new House music?'" 
  27. ^ Trask, Simon (December 1988). Future Shock (Juan Atkins Interview). Music Technology Magazine. Retrieved 2008-04-05. 
  28. ^ For Canadian examples of house party tours, see Loft Concerts and Home Routes.
  29. ^ The First In-house Concert In South Korea by Park Chang Soo.
  30. ^ Neha Kumar and Tapan S. Parikh, "New media and folk music in rural India," Conference on Human Factors in Computing Systems: Proceedings of the 28th of the international conference extended abstracts on Human factors in computing systems table of contents, Atlanta, Georgia, April 12–13, 2010, pp. 3529-3534, ISBN 978-1-60558-930-5. Abstract found at ACM Digital Library. Accessed July 20, 2010.
  31. ^ a b Charles D. Plummer, "Performance Enhancement for Brass Musicians Using Eye Movement Desensitization and Reprocessing," (EMDR), submitted in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of Doctor of Musical Arts, 2007, p. 102. Found at Ohio Link archives. Accessed July 20, 2010.
  32. ^ "Bruce Watson". Christchuch (NZ) Folk Music Club. 20 October 2013. Retrieved October 31, 2013. 

Further reading[edit]

External links[edit]