House of Sabah

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The House of Sabah (Arabic: آل صباحĀl Sabah) is the ruling family of Kuwait. They originate from the Utub federation.

The Emir of Kuwait heads the executive branch of Kuwait. He is nominated by a family council headed by prominent members of the Al-Sabah. The Kuwaiti parliament (article 4 of the constitution) has the constitutional right to approve and disapprove of an Emir's appointment, therefore the parliament has the authority to remove an Emir from his post. The parliament effectively removed Saad al-Sabah from his post in 2006 due to his illness.

The crown prince has to be a senior member of the Al-Sabah family. The appointment of a crown prince requires approval by an absolute majority of the members of the National Assembly parliament. If the new crown prince fails to win approval from the National Assembly, the Emir submits the names of three eligible members of the family to the National Assembly, and the National Assembly selects one to be the crown prince. The National Assembly parliament determines the Emir's salary.[1]

Monarchs[edit]

Martyrs of House of Sabah[edit]

Governing branches[edit]

Succession to the throne of Kuwait is limited to the descendants of Mubarak Al-Sabah. The reigning emir must appoint an heir apparent within one year of his accession to the throne; the nomination needs approval by the majority of members of the National Assembly parliament. If the new crown prince fails to win approval from the National Assembly, the Emir submits the names of three eligible members of the family to the National Assembly, and the National Assembly selects one to be the crown prince.

The Crown Prince has to be a senior member of the Al-Sabah family. The position of Emir is also traditionally alternated between the two main branches of the Al-Sabah family, the Al-Ahmed and Al-Salem branches. The Prime Minister is appointed by the Emir, the appointment of the prime minister requires approval from the majority of members of the National Assembly parliament.

The elder of the three brothers, Abdullah II Al-Sabah, paralleled descendants that served the Al-Sabah dynasty and the will of the Emir of Kuwait. The martyr Sheikh Jaber Abdullah II Al-Sabah (b.1860–d.1920) was killed in the Battle of Jahra. Sheikh Abdullah Jaber Al-Abdullah II Al-Sabah (b.1898–d.1996) is considered a pioneer in the establishment of Kuwait,[2][3][4] was the first Minister of Education of Kuwait and outlived seven Emirs. Sheikh Ali Khalifa Al-Abdullah II Al-Sabah was the first director of the Kuwait Public Security Force.

Ministry of Interior, Defense & Foreign Affairs[edit]

Sheikhs of the House of Sabah have been leading the Military of Kuwait since the early establishment of defense infantry and cavalry; mainly, protecting the defensive wall of Kuwait until independence in 1961.[5] Since the forming of the first cabinet on January 17, 1962; all three of the Defense Ministers, Ministers of Interior and Foreign Ministers of Kuwait have been led by members of the House of Sabah.[6][7] By government protocol, the defense, interior and foreign ministers are deputy Prime Ministers of Kuwait. Members of the House of Sabah also serve as lead Ambassadors and Military attachés in foreign Diplomatic missions in prime countries such as the United States, Russia, Great Britain, Germany, France, China, Italy and Korea.

Lineage[edit]

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
SABAH I,
Sheikh 1716-64
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
ABDULLAH I,
Sheikh 1764–1814
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
JABIR I,
Sheikh 1814–59
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
SABAH II,
Sheikh 1859–66
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
ABDULLAH II,
Sheikh 1866–92
 
MUHAMMAD,
Sheikh 1892–96
 
MUBARAK,
also called
Mubarak The Great
Sheikh 1896–1915
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
JABIR II,
Sheikh 1915–17
 
SALIM,
Sheikh 1917–21
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
AHMAD,
Sheikh 1921–50
 
Humoud
 
ABDULLAH III,
Emir 1950–65
 
SABAH III,
Emir 1965–77
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Muhammad
 
JABER III,
Emir 1977–2006
 
SABAH IV,
Emir 2006 – present
 
Nawaf,
Crown Prince
 
Ahmad,
Interior minister
 
SAAD,
Emir 2006
 
Muhammad al-Sabah,
Former Foreign Minister
 
 
 
Nasser,
Former Prime Minister
2006–2011

See also[edit]

Publications[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Robert F. Worth (2008). "In Democracy Kuwait Trusts, but Not Much". New York Times. 
  2. ^ [1] Sheikh Abdullah Jaber Al-Abdullah II Al-Sabah (b.1898-d.1996)
  3. ^ [2], Official Documented Biography & Accomplishments of Sheikh Abdullah Jaber Al-Abdullah II Al-Sabah
  4. ^ [3], Knights of the Kuwait Armed Forces,(Section Arabic Read)
  5. ^ [4], Knights of the Kuwait Armed Forces,(Section Arabic Read)
  6. ^ "Nine ministers headed Interior Ministry since Kuwaits independence". KUNA. 7 February 2011. Retrieved 15 September 2013. 
  7. ^ [5], Knights of the Kuwait Armed Forces,(Section Arabic Read)