House of Aragon

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The (Royal) House of Aragon is the name given to several royal houses that ruled the County, the Kingdom or the Crown of Aragon.[1]

Some historians[note 1] use the term for the house that started with Ramiro I, a member of the Jiménez dynasty who established the autonomous county of Aragon that would become the Kingdom of Aragon.[1] Later Petronila of Aragon would marry Ramon Berenguer IV, Count of Barcelona as response to the needs of Ramiro II of Aragon to protect his kingdom against the expansionism of Castile. This union between the House of Jimenez and the House of Barcelona, led the creation of the Crown of Aragon.

The end of this dynasty is in dispute. Some historians[note 2] consider that the House of Aragón was extinguished when Ramiro II of Aragon died without male descent, and that later holders of this crown should be called members of the House of Barcelona. However, the marriage provisions of his daughter Petronila say that her husband was never given the title of king, their descendants used both titles, King of Aragon and Count of Barcelona equally. Although the total loss of the Count's family rights and dominions in Occitania,[2] the title of King of Aragon was not prominent until the Trastamara Dynasty was crowned and the monarchs called themselves just "de Aragon" (of Aragon).

A separate branch of the latter house governed the Kingdom of Sicily from the crowning of Frederick III of Sicily in 1285 until the death of Martin the Younger in 1407 without descendents, with the kingdom returning then to the main branch.[3] Another separate branch reigned from the crowning of the bastard Ferdinand I of Naples in 1458 to the death of Frederick IV of Naples in 1504. This part of the house is sometimes called "House of Aragon and Sicily".

Related dynasties and houses[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Guillermo Fatás y Guillermo Redondo, Alberto Montaner Frutos, Faustino Menéndez Pidal de Navascués.
  2. ^ Armand de Fluvià, Josep Serrano Daura.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Charles William Previté-Orton (1975). The shorter Cambridge medieval history. Twelfth Century to the Renaissance 2 (reprinted, illustrated ed.). CUP Archive. pp. 767, 825, 903. ISBN 0-521-09977-3. 
  2. ^ Michel Roquebert, Histoire des Cathares, 2002, Ed. Perrin, ISBN 2-262-01894-4.
  3. ^ Thomas Henry Dyer (1861). The history of modern Europe from the fall of Constantinople: in 1453, to the war in the Crimea, in 1857 1. J. Murray. p. 58.