House of Assembly
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Historically, in British crown colonies as the colony gained more internal responsible government, the House of Assembly superseded the (usually unelected) Legislative Council as the colonial legislature, often becoming the lower house.
Houses of Assembly
- The Bahamas House of Assembly forms the lower house of the bicameral Parliament.
- The Barbados House of Assembly, the oldest House of Assembly in the Commonwealth forms the lower house of the bicameral Parliament.
- The Bermuda House of Assembly forms the lower house of the bicameral Parliament.
- The House of Assembly of the British Virgin Islands is the unicameral legislature in which the members are elected.
- Two of the Canadian provinces have unicameral legislatures named House of Assembly:
- Two of the Australian states have bicameral parliaments where the House of Assembly is the lower house:
- The House of Assembly of Dominica is the unicameral legislature in which the appointed members are called Senators.
- In Nigeria, the House of Assembly is the name given to each state legislature, for example, Rivers State House of Assembly.
- In Trinidad and Tobago, the legislature of Tobago, which enjoys limited self-government, is the Tobago House of Assembly.
- The Turks and Caicos Islands House of Assembly is currently suspended.
- In the United States of America, House of Assembly was the name generally given to the legislatures of the original British colonies (such as that of Delaware), and the Assembly is the name given by many current US states to their bicameral legislatures.
- The House of Assembly of Zimbabwe was the sole parliamentary chamber following the abolition of the country's Senate in 1990, prior to its reinstatement in 2005.
Defunct Houses of Assembly
- The House of Assembly of South Africa, known in Afrikaans as the Volksraad, was the lower house of the whites-only parliament until 1981, when the Senate of South Africa was abolished. Following a new Constitution in 1984, it became one of three Houses of the Tricameral Parliament. Following the end of apartheid and the introduction of a new Constitution in 1994, it was replaced by a National Assembly.
- The unicameral National Parliament of Papua New Guinea was known as the House of Assembly of Papua and New Guinea before independence.
- The unicameral Parliament of Gibraltar was known as the House of Assembly until 2006.
- The lower house of the Parliament of the Cape of Good Hope, dissolved in 1910, was known as the House of Assembly.
- House of Assembly of Jamaica – the colonial legislature of Jamaica