Ban Borić

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Borić
banus Boricius de Bosna
Ban of Bosnia
Office fl. 1154–1163
Predecessor Ladislaus II of Hungary 1137–1159 as Duke of Bosnia
Successor Stephen IV of Hungary 1165–1180 as King of Hungary
Noble family Boričević (as progenitor)
Religion Christianity
Occupation Hungarian vassal

Borić[A] (Latin: Boricius, Greek: Βορίτξης; fl. 1154–67) was the first Ban of Bosnia as a Hungarian vassal. He was appointed by 1154, and was last mentioned in 1167.

1154[edit]

As the Hungarian crown's domination over Bosnia grew, Borić became its supporter and was by 1154 made a Hungarian Viceroy of Bosnia and instated with the title of Ban of the newly created Banate of Bosnia.[1][full citation needed]

Borić is mentioned for the first time in 1154, during the Byzantine-Hungarian War. As a Hungarian vassal, he took part, alongside a Bohemian detachment, in the attack on Byzantine-held Braničevo.[2][3] He had assisted Palatine Beloš in the attack. Byzantine Emperor Manuel I dispatched a squadron of troops towards Belgrade, to cross the river Sava and chase the Hungarian army, but it was defeated.

According to John Kinnamos, Borić held the country of Bosnia, which was a province (region) in Dalmatia (Serbia[4]), while noting that Bosnia was not dependent on the Serbian Grand Prince, and that he was an ally of the Hungarian king in the war with Byzantine Emperor Manuel.[5]

1162–63[edit]

Andrew II issued a charter which confirmed some possession of the Templars in the Požega Banate (in Slavonia[6]) that had been gifted by "Ban Borić of Bosnia" (banus Boricius de Bosna), with the permission of King Stephen (1163).[7]

The 1162–63 internal struggles for the succession of the Hungarian crown between an anti-Byzantine candidate and the pro-Byzantine Stephen IV, son of King Geza, made Borić support the anti-Byzantine bloc, owing loyalty to his former superior Beloš who now served as the Ban of Croatia and was feeling a threat to his throne in the return of Imperial dominance to Bosnia.

After King Stephen IV won, his mercenary Gottfried indeed had challenged Borić in battlefield, in 1163. However, it remains uncertain if Borić was indeed defeated and deposed on that occasion.

1167[edit]

In 1167, Borić provided troops to the Hungarian Army in the battle of Zemun against the Byzantine Empire. The Byzantines were victorious, and Bosnia became a Byzantine territory.[8]

Possessions[edit]

He had possessions on both sides of the river Sava, in the Eastern and Western parts of Požega County.[9]

Legacy[edit]

Borić's descendants are sometimes referred to as the Boričević. He had sons named Borić and Pavao, and his grandsons were called Odola, Čelk and Borić.[9] The extended family also included Detmar and Benedikt (also called Borić).[9]

Simeon Bogdanović–Siniša claimed that Ana, the wife of Serbian Grand Prince Stefan Nemanja, was the daughter of Borić, however, he thought that Borić and Boris Kalamanos were the same person (when in fact, Boris died in 1154, and Borić was alive in 1163), thus Ana would have been the daughter of Boris.[10]

Numerous later sources refer to him as the common ancestor to most Bosnian rulers including reigning kings from the Kotromanić dynasty.[11][verification needed]

Borić is believed to have been a predecessor to the noble house of Berislavići Grabarski.[12]

Titles[edit]

  • In Latin, his title was "Ban of Bosnia" (banus Boricius de Bosna), according to a 1163 charter.
  • In Greek, his title was "Exarch of the country of Bosnia" (Βορίτξης ὁ Βόσθνης χώρας ἔξάρχων), according to John Kinnamos (1176)[13][14]

See also[edit]

Annotations[edit]

  1. ^ Name: Also spelled Borich, and scarcely as Latin: Borizes. His name in Serbian Cyrillic: Бан Борић.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Joannes Cinnamus. Deeds of John and Manuel Comnenus. Columbia University Press. pp. 104–. ISBN 978-0-231-52155-0. 
  2. ^ Михаило Ј Динић; Сима М Ћирковић (1978). Српске земље у средњем веку: историјско-географске студије. Српска књижевна задруга. зантијског престола. Започело је опет ратовање на Дунаву. Краљ Гејза II опколио је Браничево и опустошио његову околину. Као угарски вазал, у овом нападу суделовао је бо- сански бан Борић, и један одред Чеха. Чар Манојло ... 
  3. ^ Fuad Slipičević; Hamdija Kapidžić (1950). Istorija stari i sredni vijek: priručnik za i razred srednih stručnih škola. Štampano kao rukopis. Svjetlost. Први такав намддесник био де бан Борић. Да је бан Бо- рић вазал мађароког крал>а види се по томе што де по- магао Макаре у борби коду су педесетих година ХП ви- јека водили са царем Манојлом Комненом. Манојло Комнен ... 
  4. ^ Eupsychia: mélanges offerts à Hélène Ahrweiler. Publications de la Sorbonne. 1998. pp. 448–449. ISBN 978-2-85944-344-3. Serbie ... Boric, le ban de Bosnie 
  5. ^ Glasnik Srpskoga učenog društva ... 48. 1881. p. 36. а за другог Борића — Воpur: каже, да је био кнез у покрајини далматској или српској (јер Кинам зове на више места Србе Далматима "Servi Dalmatie gens" p. 12. cf. 101, 102,104) но да није зависио, као што исти Кинам на стр. 104 примећује, од српског великог жупана, — и да је био савезник угарског краља у рату c грчким царем Манојлом. 
  6. ^ Judith Mary Upton-Ward, H.J.A. Sire. "24. The Priory of Vrana". The Military Orders: On Land and by Sea. p. 221. Retrieved 2012-09-02. 
  7. ^ Glasnik Zemaljskog muzeja u Bosni i Hercegovini. Zemaljska štamparija. 1903. p. 367. издае крал, Андриа II. повел>у, корм noTBphyje темпларима у пожешко бановини неки послед, што им га ôjeiue даровао некоЬ "banus Boricius de Bosna" дозво.ъеаем крал>а Степапа (дакле год. 1163). Ову даровницу потврдио je ... 
  8. ^ John Van Antwerp Fine (1994). The Late Medieval Balkans: A Critical Survey from the Late Twelfth Century. University of Michigan Press. p. 17. ISBN 9780472082605. 
  9. ^ a b c Karbić, Marija (2005). "Posjedi plemićkog roda Borića bana do sredine XIV. stoljeća" [Landed estates of the noble lineage of Borić Ban until the middle of the 14th century]. Scrinia Slavonica (in Croatian) (Croatian Historical Institute - Department of History of Slavonia, Srijem and Baranja) (5): 48–61. 
  10. ^ Milenko M. Vukićević; Stevo Ćosović (2005). Znamenite žene i vladarke srpske. Svet knjige. Међутим, један од познијих писаца (Синиша у Летопису Матице српске, књ. 151) вели, такође, да је Ана била кћи босанскога бана Борића. Али ту узима да су бан Борић и Борис, син Коломана I, краља угарског, једно лице, те би по томе Ана била кћи Бориса Коломановића, а унука кра- ља утарског Коломана I. Али се јасно зна да је Борис Коломановић погинуо 1154. године у борби с Кумани- ма, а бан Борић помиње се још у животу 1 163. године. 
  11. ^ Karbić, Marija. Rod Borića bana: primjer plemićkog roda u srednjovjekovnoj Požeškoj županiji. PhD thesis, Faculty of Philosophy, University of Zagreb, 2005
  12. ^ Karbić, Marija (2006). "Hrvatsko plemstvo u borbi protiv Osmanlija, primjer obitelji Berislavića Grabarskih iz Slavonije" [Croatia's nobility in fight against the Ottomans, an example of the Berislavić Grabarski family from Slavonia]. Historical Contributions (in Croatian) (Croatian Institute of History) 31: 72. 
  13. ^ Barthold Georg Niebuhr (1836). Corpus scriptorum historiae byzantinae. impensis E. Weberi. pp. 343–. 
  14. ^ Gyula Moravcsik (1984). Az Árpád-kori magyar történet bizánci forrásai. Akadémiai Kiad. Βορίτζης ό Βόσθνης χώρας έξάρχων 

External links[edit]

Regnal titles
Vacant
Title last held by
Ladislaus II of Hungary
as duke
Ban of Bosnia
(Hungarian vassal)

fl. 1154–1163
Vacant
Occupation by Stephen IV of Hungary
Title next held by
Kulin