House of Bourbon-Braganza

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House of Bourbon-Braganza
Casa de Bourbon-Bragança
Casa de Borbón-Braganza
Coat of Arms of Barbara of Portugal, Queen Consort of Spain.svg
Parent house House of Bourbon
House of Braganza
Titles
Founded 1785
Founder Infante Gabriel of Spain and Infanta Maria Ana Vitória of Portugal

The House of Bourbon-Braganza (Spanish: Casa de Borbón-Braganza; Portuguese: Casa de Bourbon-Bragança) is an Iberian noble house that has is its origins in a royal marriage arranged by King Charles III of Spain and his niece Queen Maria I of Portugal: in 1785 the Spanish infante Gabriel of Bourbon (1752–1788), married the Portuguese infanta Mariana Victoria of Braganza (1768–1788). It was a short marriage: they both died three years later, in Madrid, with smallpox.

History[edit]

Their surviving son, Peter Charles of Bourbon and Braganza (Pedro Carlos) (1786–1812), was brought up in the Portuguese court, first in Lisbon and, after 1807, in Rio de Janeiro. Until 1793, he was the only grandson of Queen Maria I, therefore considered as a potential heir of the Portuguese throne.

As his father, he also married a Portuguese Infanta, his first cousin once removed Maria Therese of Braganza (1793–1874).

They had one child Sebastian of Bourbon and Braganza (1811–1875), Infante of Spain by birth, and Infante of Portugal by royal edict (issued in 1812). When the Portuguese Royal Family returned to Europe, Sebastian went to live in Spain (1822) but, due to his support to the Carlist pretender, he returned to Portugal (1865), where King Louis I gave him a warm reception.

The male line of the family has become extinct, but distaff descendants are still represented among the Spanish nobility (Dukes of Marchena, Durcal, and Ansola).

Genealogical Chart[edit]

         Charles III                                   Maria I                                             
         (1719–1788)                                 (1734–1816)                                           
        King of Spain                             Queen of Portugal                                        
     _________|_________                      ____________|____________                                    
     |                 |                      |                       |                                  
 Charles IV         GABRIEL<---1785--->Mariana Victoria             John VI                               
 (1748–1819)      (1752–1788)    |       (1768–1788)              (1767–1826)                            
King of Spain  Infante of Spain  |    Infanta of Portugal      King of Portugal  
     |                           |                                    |                         
     |                           |                         ___________|___________                        
     |                           |                         |                     |                        
     |                     PETER CHARLES<----1810---->Maria Teresa          Peter I/IV
     |                 Bourbon and Braganza    |       (1793–1874)         (1798–1834)
     |                      (1786–1812)        |   Infanta of Portugal    Emp. of Brazil
     |                   Infante of Spain      |    Princess of Beira    King of Portugal
     |                                         |                                 |
     |                                         |                                 |
Royal House                                SEBASTIAN                    Royal House of Portugal
 of Spain                            Bourbon and Braganza                       and
                                          (1811–1875)                  Imperial House of Brazil
                                    Infante of Spain (1811)
                                   Infante of Portugal (1812)
                                               |
                                               |
                                               |
                                  Dukes of Marchena, of Durcal,
                                     of Hernani, of Ansola
                                       ( Spanish titles )