House of Bourbon-Braganza
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|House of Bourbon-Braganza
Casa de Bourbon-Bragança
Casa de Borbón-Braganza
|Parent house||House of Bourbon
House of Braganza
|Founder||Infante Gabriel of Spain and Infanta Maria Ana Vitória of Portugal|
The House of Bourbon-Braganza (Spanish: Casa de Borbón-Braganza; Portuguese: Casa de Bourbon-Bragança) is an Iberian noble house that has is its origins in a royal marriage arranged by King Charles III of Spain and his niece Queen Maria I of Portugal: in 1785 the Spanish infante Gabriel of Bourbon (1752–1788), married the Portuguese infanta Mariana Victoria of Braganza (1768–1788). It was a short marriage: they both died three years later, in Madrid, with smallpox.
Their surviving son, Peter Charles of Bourbon and Braganza (Pedro Carlos) (1786–1812), was brought up in the Portuguese court, first in Lisbon and, after 1807, in Rio de Janeiro. Until 1793, he was the only grandson of Queen Maria I, therefore considered as a potential heir of the Portuguese throne.
As his father, he also married a Portuguese Infanta, his first cousin once removed Maria Therese of Braganza (1793–1874).
They had one child Sebastian of Bourbon and Braganza (1811–1875), Infante of Spain by birth, and Infante of Portugal by royal edict (issued in 1812). When the Portuguese Royal Family returned to Europe, Sebastian went to live in Spain (1822) but, due to his support to the Carlist pretender, he returned to Portugal (1865), where King Louis I gave him a warm reception.
The male line of the family has become extinct, but distaff descendants are still represented among the Spanish nobility (Dukes of Marchena, Durcal, and Ansola).
Charles III Maria I (1719–1788) (1734–1816) King of Spain Queen of Portugal _________|_________ ____________|____________ | | | | Charles IV GABRIEL<---1785--->Mariana Victoria John VI (1748–1819) (1752–1788) | (1768–1788) (1767–1826) King of Spain Infante of Spain | Infanta of Portugal King of Portugal | | | | | ___________|___________ | | | | | PETER CHARLES<----1810---->Maria Teresa Peter I/IV | Bourbon and Braganza | (1793–1874) (1798–1834) | (1786–1812) | Infanta of Portugal Emp. of Brazil | Infante of Spain | Princess of Beira King of Portugal | | | | | | Royal House SEBASTIAN Royal House of Portugal of Spain Bourbon and Braganza and (1811–1875) Imperial House of Brazil Infante of Spain (1811) Infante of Portugal (1812) | | | Dukes of Marchena, of Durcal, of Hernani, of Ansola ( Spanish titles )