House of Bourbon-Two Sicilies

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House of Bourbon-Two Sicilies
Coat of arms of the Kingdom of the Two Sicilies.svg
Country Kingdom of the Two Sicilies
Parent house House of Bourbon
Titles King of Naples, King of Sicily, King of the Two Sicilies
Founded 1759
Founder Ferdinand I
Final ruler Francis II
Current head Disputed
Deposition 1861

The House of Bourbon-Two Sicilies is a cadet Italian branch of the House of Bourbon. It is thus descended from the Capetian dynasty in male line. The name of Bourbon-Two Sicilies comes from the main name (Bourbon) and the other (Two Sicilies) from the title King of the Two Sicilies, itself a merger of the Kingdom of Sicily and the Kingdom of Naples.

Kingdom of the Two Sicilies[edit]

The Kingdom of the Two Sicilies resulted from the unification of the Kingdom of Sicily with the Kingdom of Naples (called the kingdom of peninsular Sicily), by King Alfonso V of Aragon in 1442. The two had been separated since the Sicilian Vespers of 1282. At the death of King Alfonso in 1458, the kingdom became divided between his brother John II of Aragon, who kept Sicily, and his bastard son Ferdinand, who became King of Naples.

Family tree[edit]

Family tree


Reigning kings[edit]

Name Portrait Birth Marriages Death
Ferdinand I
1816–1825
Ferdinand I 12 January 1751
Naples
son of Charles VII and Maria Amalia of Saxony
Marie Caroline of Austria
12 May 1768
17 children

Lucia Migliaccio of Floridia
27 November 1814
No children
4 January 1825
Naples
aged 73
Francis I
1825–1830
Francis I 14 August 1777
Naples
son of Ferdinand I and Maria Carolina of Austria
Maria Isabella of Spain
6 July 1802
12 children
8 November 1830
Naples
aged 53
Ferdinand II
1830–1859
Ferdinand II 12 January 1810
Palermo
son of Francis I and Maria Isabella of Spain
Maria Christina of Savoy
21 November 1832
1 child

Maria Theresa of Austria
9 January 1837
12 children
22 May 1859
Caserta
aged 49
Francis II
1859–1861
Francis II 16 January 1836
Naples
son of Ferdinand II and Maria Christina of Savoy
Maria Sophie of Bavaria
8 January 1859
1 child
27 December 1894
Arco
aged 58
In 1861 Two Sicilies became part of the newly founded Kingdom of Italy.

Titles[edit]

Children and male-line grandchildren of the King of the Two Sicilies bore the title Prince(ss) Royal of the Two Sicilies with the style of Royal Highness. Other agnatic descendants of the King, born of authorized marriages, bore the title Prince(ss) of the Two Sicilies with the style of Royal Highness.

Since 1861, and similarly to members of the House of Bourbon-Parma, the style Prince(ss) of Bourbon-Two Sicilies has been used for and by members of this family to highlight their membership in the House of Bourbon. The title of princess is also born by the wives of the princes of the house provided the marriage is approved.

Titular Kings of the Two Sicilies (1861–1960)[edit]

Name Portrait Birth Marriages Death
Francis II
1861–1894
Francis II 16 January 1836
Naples
son of Ferdinand II and Maria Christina of Savoy
Maria Sophie of Bavaria
8 January 1859
1 child
27 December 1894
Arco
aged 58
Prince Alfonso, Count of Caserta
1894–1934
Prince Alfonso, Count of Caserta 28 March 1841
Caserta
son of Ferdinand II of the Two Sicilies and Maria Theresa of Austria
Princess Maria Antonietta of Bourbon-Two Sicilies
8 June 1868
12 children
26 May 1934
Cannes
aged 93
Prince Ferdinand Pius, Duke of Calabria
1934–1960
Prince Ferdinand Pius, Duke of Calabria 25 July 1869
Rome
son of Prince Alfonso, Count of Caserta and Princess Antonietta of Bourbon-Two Sicilies
Princess Maria Ludwiga Theresia of Bavaria
31 May 1897
6 children
7 January 1960
Lindau
aged 90
In 1960, headship of the house became disputed between two agnates of the house on the basis of contested renunciations. Since 1960, the claimants have been:

Neapolitan line claim, 1960–present[edit]

Name Portrait Birth Marriages Death
Prince Ranieri, Duke of Castro
1960–1966
Prince Ranieri, Duke of Castro 3 December 1883
Cannes
son of Prince Alfonso, Count of Caserta and Princess Antonietta of Bourbon-Two Sicilies
Countess Maria Carolina Zamoyska
12 September 1923
2 children
13 January 1973
La Combe
aged 89
Prince Ferdinand, Duke of Castro
1966–2008
Prince Ranieri, Duke of Castro 28 May 1926
Podzamcze
son of Prince Ranieri, Duke of Castro and Countess Maria Carolina Zamoyska
Chantal de Chevron-Villette
23 July 1949
3 children
20 March 2008
France
Aged 81
Prince Carlo, Duke of Castro
2008–present
Blank.jpg 24 February 1963
Saint-Raphaël
son of Prince Ferdinand, Duke of Castro and Chantal de Chevron-Villette
Camilla Crociani
31 October 1998
2 children
Current claimant

Spanish line claim, 1960–present[edit]

Name Portrait Birth Marriages Death
Infante Alfonso, Duke of Calabria
1960–1964
Infante Alfonso 30 November 1901
Madrid
son of Prince Carlos of Bourbon-Two Sicilies and Mercedes, Princess of Asturias
Princess Alice of Bourbon-Parma
1936
3 children
3 February 1964
aged 63
Infante Carlos, Duke of Calabria
1964–present
16 January 1938
Lausanne
son of Infante Alfonso and Princess Alice of Bourbon-Parma
Princess Anne of Orléans
1965
5 children
Current claimant

Princes of the Two Sicilies (since 1816)[edit]

Name Birth Death Notes
Francis I 14 August 1777 8 November 1830 Son of Ferdinand I. Title held from father's ascension to own ascension in 1825.
Leopold, Prince of Salerno 2 July 1790 10 March 1851 Son of Ferdinand I. Title held from father's ascension to death.
Ferdinand II 12 January 1810 22 May 1859 Son of Francis I. Title held from grandfather's ascension to own ascension in 1830.
Charles Ferdinand, Prince of Capua 10 November 1811 22 April 1862 Son of Francis I. Title held from grandfather's ascension to death.
Leopold, Count of Syracuse 22 May 1813 4 December 1860 Son of Francis I. Title held from grandfather's ascension to death.
Anthony, Count of Lecce 23 September 1816 12 January 1843 Son of Francis I. Title held from grandfather's ascension to death.
Louis, Count of Aquila 19 July 1824 5 March 1897 Son of Francis I. Title held from birth to death.
Prince Louis 19 July 1824 7 August 1824 Son of Leopold, Prince of Salerno. Title held from birth to death.
Francis, Count of Trapani 13 August 1827 24 September 1892 Son of Francis I. Title held from birth to death.
Francis II 16 January 1836 27 December 1894 Son of Ferdinand II. Title held from birth to own ascension in 1859.
Louis, Count of Trani 1 August 1838 8 June 1886 Son of Ferdinand II. Title held from birth to death.
Albert, Count of Castrogiovanni 17 September 1839 12 July 1844 Son of Ferdinand II. Title held from birth to death.
Alfonso, Count of Caserta 28 March 1841 26 May 1934 Son of Ferdinand II. Title held from birth to death.
Louis, Count of Roccaguglielma 18 July 1845 27 November 1909 Son of Louis, Count of Aquila. Title held from birth to death.
Gaetan, Count of Girgenti 12 January 1846 26 November 1871 Son of Ferdinand II. Title held from birth to death.
Prince Philip 12 August 1847 9 July 1922 Son of Louis, Count of Aquila. Title held from birth to death.
Joseph, Count of Lucera 4 March 1848 28 September 1851 Son of Ferdinand II. Title held from birth to death.
Prince Maria Emmanuel 24 January 1851 26 January 1851 Son of Louis, Count of Aquila. Title held from birth to death.
Vincent, Count of Melazzo 26 April 1851 13 October 1854 Son of Ferdinand II. Title held from birth to death.
Pasquale, Count of Bari 15 September 1852 21 December 1904 Son of Ferdinand II. Title held from birth to death.
Prince Leopold 24 September 1853 4 September 1870 Son of Francis, Count of Trapani. Title held from birth to death.
Januarius, Count of Caltagirone 28 February 1857 13 August 1867 Son of Ferdinand II. Title held from birth to death.
Prince Ferdinand 25 May 1857 22 July 1859 Son of Francis, Count of Trapani. Title held from birth to death.
Ferdinand Pius, Duke of Calabria 25 July 1869 17 January 1960 Son of Alfonso, Count of Caserta. Title held from birth to death.
Prince Carlos 10 November 1870 11 November 1949 Son of Alfonso, Count of Caserta. Title held from birth to death.
Prince Francisco Armando Federico De La Cruz De Bourbon 14 July 1873 26 June 1945 Soni of Alfonso, Count of Caserta. Title held from birth to death.
Prince Gennaro 24 January 1882 11 April 1944 Son of Alfonso, Count of Caserta. Title held from birth to death.
Ranieri, Duke of Castro 3 December 1883 13 January 1973 Son of Alfonso, Count of Caserta. Title held from birth to death.
Prince Philip 10 December 1885 9 March 1949 Son of Alfonso, Count of Caserta. Title held from birth to death.
Prince Francis of Assisi 13 January 1888 26 March 1914 Son of Alfonso, Count of Caserta. Title held from birth to death.
Prince Gabriel 1 January 1897 22 October 1975 Son of Alfonso, Count of Caserta. Title held from birth to death.
Ruggiero, Duke of Noto 7 September 1901 1 December 1914 Son of Ferdinand Pius, Duke of Calabria. Title held from birth to death.
Alfonso, Duke of Calabria 30 November 1901 3 February 1964 Son of Prince Carlos. Title held from birth to death.
Prince Ferdinand 6 March 1903 4 August 1905 Son of Prince Carlos. Title held from birth to death.
Prince Carlo 5 September 1908 27 September 1936 Son of Prince Carlos. Title held from birth to death.
Prince Gaetano 16 April 1917 27 December 1984 Son of Prince Philip. Title held from birth to death.
Ferdinand, Duke of Castro 28 May 1926 20 March 2008 Son of Ranieri, Duke of Castro. Title held from birth to death.
Prince Antoine 20 January 1929 Son of Prince Gabriel. Title held from birth.
Prince Jean 30 June 1933 25 December 2000 Son of Prince Gabriel. Title held from birth to death.
Prince Casimir 8 November 1938 Son of Prince Gabriel. Title held from birth.
Carlos, Duke of Calabria 16 January 1938 Son of Alfonso, Duke of Calabria. Title held from birth.
Prince François 20 June 1960 Son of Prince Antoine. Title held from birth.
Carlo, Duke of Castro 24 February 1963 Son of Ferdinand, Duke of Castro. Title held from birth.
Prince Gennaro 27 January 1966 Son of Prince Antoine. Title held from birth.
Pedro, Duke of Noto 16 October 1968 Son of Carlos, Duke of Calabria. Title held from birth.
Prince Luís 28 November 1970 Son of Prince Casimir. Title held from birth.
Prince Alexander 9 August 1974 Son of Prince Casimir. Title held from birth.
Prince Antoine 6 June 2003 Son of Prince François. Title held from birth.

Princesses of the Two Sicilies (since 1816)[edit]

By birth[edit]

Name Birth Death Notes
Princess Luisa Carlotta 24 October 1804 29 January 1844 Daughter of Francis I. Title held from grandfather's ascension to death.
Princess Maria Christina 27 April 1806 22 August 1878 Daughter of Francis I. Title held from grandfather's ascension to death.
Princess Maria Antonia 19 December 1814 7 November 1898 Daughter of Francis I. Title held from grandfather's ascension to death.
Princess Maria Amalia 25 February 1818 6 November 1857 Daughter of Francis I. Title held from grandfather's ascension to death.
Princess Maria Carolina 29 November 1820 14 January 1861 Daughter of Francis I. Title held from birth to death.
Princess Theresa Christina 14 March 1822 28 December 1889 Daughter of Francis I. Title held from birth to death.
Princess Maria Carolina Augusta 26 April 1822 6 December 1869 Daughter of Leopold, Prince of Salerno. Title held from birth to death.
Princess Isabella 23 March 1838 24 March 1838 Daughter of Leopold, Count of Syracuse. Title held from birth to death.
Princess Maria Annunciata 24 March 1843 4 May 1871 Daughter of Ferdinand II. Title held from birth to death.
Princess Maria Immaculata 14 April 1844 18 February 1899 Daughter of Ferdinand II. Title held from birth to death.
Princess Maria Isabella 22 July 1846 14 February 1859 Daughter of Louis, Count of Aquila. Title held from birth to death.
Princess Maria Pia 2 August 1849 29 September 1882 Daughter of Ferdinand II. Title held from birth to death.
Princess Maria Antonietta 16 March 1851 12 September 1938 Daughter of Francis, Count of Trapani. Title held from birth to death.
Princess Maria Teresa Pia 7 January 1855 1 September 1856 Daughter of Francis, Count of Trapani. Title held from birth to death.
Princess Maria Luisa Immaculata 21 January 1855 23 February 1874 Daughter of Ferdinand II. Title held from birth to death.
Princess Maria Carolina 21 February 1856 7 April 1941 Daughter of Francis, Count of Trapani. Title held from birth to death.
Princess Maria Annunziata 21 September 1858 20 March 1873 Daughter of Francis, Count of Trapani. Title held from birth to death.
Princess Maria Teresa 15 January 1867 1 March 1909 Daughter of Louis, Count of Trani. Title held from birth to death.
Princess Maria Cristina Pia 24 December 1869 28 March 1870 Daughter of Francis II. Title held from birth to death.
Princess Maria Immaculata 30 October 1874 28 November 1947 Daughter of Alfonso, Count of Caserta. Title held from birth to death.
Princess Maria Cristina 10 April 1877 4 October 1947 Daughter of Alfonso, Count of Caserta. Title held from birth to death.
Princess Maria di Grazia 12 August 1878 20 June 1973 Daughter of Alfonso, Count of Caserta. Title held from birth to death.
Princess Maria Giuseppina 25 February 1880 22 July 1971 Daughter of Alfonso, Count of Caserta. Title held from birth to death.
Princess Maria Antonietta 16 April 1898 11 January 1957 Daughter of Ferdinand Pius, Duke of Calabria. Title held from birth to death.
Princess Maria Cristina 4 May 1899 21 April 1985 Daughter of Ferdinand Pius, Duke of Calabria. Title held from birth to death.
Princess Barbara 14 December 1902 1 January 1927 Daughter of Ferdinand Pius, Duke of Calabria. Title held from birth to death.
Princess Isabel Alfonsa 10 October 1904 18 July 1985 Daughter of Prince Carlos. Title held from birth to death.
Princess Lucia 9 July 1908 3 November 2001 Daughter of Ferdinand Pius, Duke of Calabria. Title held from birth to death.
Princess Maria de los Dolores 15 November 1909 11 May 1996 Daughter of Prince Carlos. Title held from birth to death.
Princess Maria de las Mercedes 23 December 1910 2 January 2000 Daughter of Prince Carlos. Title held from birth to death.
Princess Urraca 14 July 1913 3 May 1999 Daughter of Ferdinand Pius, Duke of Calabria. Title held from birth to death.
Princess Maria de la Esperanza 14 June 1914 8 August 2005 Daughter of Prince Carlos. Title held from birth to death.
Princess Maria Virgen De Bourbon Mercedes 23 November 1933 Daughter of Ranieri, Duke of Castro. Title held from birth.
Princess Maria Margarita 16 November 1934 Daughter of Prince Gabriel. Title held from birth.
Princess Teresa 6 February 1937 Daughter of Alfonso, Duke of Calabria. Title held from birth.
Princess Maria Immaculata 25 June 1937 Daughter of Prince Gabriel. Title held from birth.
Princess Inés Maria 18 February 1940 Daughter of Alfonso, Duke of Calabria. Title held from birth.
Princess Béatrice 16 June 1950 Daughter of Ferdinand, Duke of Castro. Title held from birth.
Princess Anne 24 April 1957 Daughter of Ferdinand, Duke of Castro. Title held from birth.
Princess Maria Carolina 18 July 1962 Daughter of Prince Antoine. Title held from birth.
Princess Cristina 15 March 1966 Daughter of Carlos, Duke of Calabria. Title held from birth.
Princess María 5 April 1967 Daughter of Carlos, Duke of Calabria. Title held from birth.
Princess Inés 20 April 1971 Daughter of Carlos, Duke of Calabria. Title held from birth.
Princess Anna Cecilia 24 December 1971 Daughter of Prince Casimir. Title held from birth.
Princess Maria Annunziata 4 March 1973 Daughter of Prince Antoine. Title held from birth.
Princess Elena Sofia 10 September 1973 Daughter of Prince Casimir. Title held from birth.
Princess Victoria 24 May 1976 Daughter of Carlos, Duke of Calabria. Title held from birth.
Princess Anna Sophia 9 April 1999 Daughter of Prince Luís. Title held from birth.
Princess Maria-Carolina 23 June 2003 Daughter of Carlo, Duke of Castro. Title held from birth.
Princess Maria Chiara 1 January 2005 Daughter of Carlo, Duke of Castro. Title held from birth.
Princess Dorothée 10 May 2005 Daughter of Prince François. Title held from birth.

By marriage[edit]

Princess Date of Birth Date of Death Husband Notes
Maria Isabella, Queen of the Two Sicilies 6 July 1789 13 September 1848 Francis I Title held from her father-in-law's ascension to her husband's ascension in 1825
Clementina, Princess of Salerno 1 March 1798 3 September 1881 Leopold, Prince of Salerno Title held from her father-in-law's ascension to her death
Maria, Countess of Syracuse 29 September 1814 2 January 1874 Leopold, Count of Syracuse Title held from her marriage in 1837 to her death
Januária Maria, Princess Imperial of Brazil and Countess of Aquila 11 March 1822 13 March 1901 Louis, Count of Aquila Title held from her marriage in 1844 to her death
Maria Isabella, Countess of Trapani 21 May 1834 14 July 1901 Francis, Count of Trapani Title held from her marriage in 1850 to her death
Maria Sophie, Queen of the Two Sicilies 4 October 1841 19 January 1925 Francis II Title held from her marriage in 1859 to her husband's ascension three months later
Mathilde Ludovika, Countess of Trani 30 September 1843 18 June 1925 Louis, Count of Trani Title held from her marriage in 1861 to her death
Maria Antonietta, Countess of Caserta* 16 March 1851 12 September 1938 Alfonso, Count of Caserta Title held from birth to death
Isabella, Princess of Asturias and Countess of Girgenti 20 December 1851 23 April 1931 Gaetan, Count of Girgenti Title held from her marriage in 1868 to her death
Maria Ludwiga Theresia, Duchess of Calabria 6 July 1872 10 June 1954 Ferdinand Pius, Duke of Calabria Title held from her marriage in 1897 to her death
Mercedes, Princess of Asturias 11 September 1880 17 October 1904 Prince Carlos Title held from her marriage in 1901 to her death
Princess Louise 24 February 1882 18 April 1958 Prince Carlos Title held from her marriage in 1907 to her death
Maria Carolina, Duchess of Castro 22 September 1896 9 May 1968 Ranieri, Duke of Castro Title held from her marriage in 1923 to her death
Princess Marie Louise 31 December 1896 8 March 1973 Prince Philip Title held from her marriage in 1916 to her divorce in 1925
Princess Malgorzata Izabella 17 August 1902 8 March 1929 Prince Gabriel Title held from her marriage in 1927 to her death
Princess Cecylia 28 June 1907 20 September 2001 Prince Gabriel Title held from her marriage in 1932 to her death
Alicia, Duchess of Calabria 13 November 1917 Alfonso, Duke of Calabria Title held from her marriage in 1936
Chantal, Duchess of Castro 10 January 1925 24 May 2005 Ferdinand, Duke of Castro Title held from her marriage in 1949 to her death
Princess Elisabeth 2 February 1933 Prince Antoine Title held from her marriage in 1958
Princess Maria Cristina 12 September 1933 Prince Casimir Title held from her marriage in 1967
Anne, Duchess of Calabria 4 December 1938 Carlos, Duke of Calabria Title held from her marriage in 1965
Princess Alexandra 2 June 1967 Prince François Title held from her marriage in 2000
Camilla, Duchess of Castro 5 April 1971 Carlo, Duke of Castro Title held from her marriage in 1998
Princess Christine 20 May 1969 Prince Luís Title held from her marriage in 1998

See also[edit]

External links[edit]