House of Braganza-Saxe-Coburg and Gotha

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House of Braganza-Saxe-Coburg and Gotha
Ramo de Bragança-Saxe-Coburgo e Gota
Bragance-Saxe-Coburg-Gotha
Country Flag Portugal (1830).svg Kingdom of Portugal
Parent house House of Braganza
House of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha (male line)
Titles
Founded 9 April 1836
Final ruler Manuel II
Current head Extinct
Deposition 5 October 1910

The House of Braganza-Saxe-Coburg and Gotha[1] (also known as the House of Coburg-Braganza)[2] was a dynasty descended through a distaff line of the House of Braganza that ruled the Kingdom of Portugal from 1853 until the declaration of the republic in 1910.

The designation Braganza-Saxe-Coburg and Gotha is prevalent mainly in the writings of non-Portuguese historians and genealogists, due to the last four Kings of Portugal descending from Queen Maria II of Portugal, from the House of Braganza, and Prince Ferdinand of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha. European custom classifies a descendant branch on the basis of patrilineal descent, which means that the House of Braganza-Saxe-Coburg and Gotha is a cadet branch of the House of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha, and therefore of the House of Wettin.

Nonetheless, the Portuguese constitution stated that the House of Braganza was the ruling house of Portugal, by way of Queen Maria II, and her descendants still continued to style themselves as members of the House of Braganza, as opposed to Saxe-Coburg-Gotha-Braganza.[3]

As there are no living descendants left in Portugal, the claim to the crown of Portugal is again with the House of Braganza.

History[edit]

The royal house was founded by Prince Ferdinand of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha who on 9 April 1836 married Queen Maria II of Portugal from the House of Braganza. Members of the royal house held the title Infante (or Infanta) of Portugal and Duke (or Duchess) of Saxony.[4] On 15 November 1853, Queen Maria II died, and her eldest son succeeded to the throne as Pedro V, the first king of the Braganza-Saxe-Coburg and Gotha dynasty.

The dynasty remained on the throne until the outbreak in Portugal of the 5 October 1910 revolution when King Manuel II was deposed and the Portuguese First Republic was established. Manuel II went into exile in England, and, with his death on 2 July 1932, the House of Braganza-Saxe-Coburg and Gotha became extinct.[1]

Before his death, King Manuel II reconciled with the rival Miguelist branch of the House of Braganza, who had claimed the Portuguese throne since 1834, in opposition to the Braganza-Saxe-Coburg and Gotha dynasty. So, with his death, the claim to the throne of Portugal passed to the pretender, Duarte Nuno, Duke of Braganza.[5][6]

The Saxe-Coburg-Gotha-Braganza surname was also used by Maria Pia de Saxe-Coburgo e Bragança, a woman who claimed to be a bastard daughter of King Carlos I.

Rulers[edit]

Family tree[edit]

 
 
 
 
 
Fernando II
 
Maria II
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Stephanie of Hohenzollern-Sigmaringen
 
Pedro V
 
Luís I
 
Maria Pia of Savoy
 
João
 
Maria Anna
 
Antónia
 
Augusto
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Amélie of Orléans
 
Carlos I
 
 
Afonso
 
Nevada Stoody Hayes
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Luís Filipe
 
 
Manuel II
 
Augusta Victoria of Hohenzollern
 
 
 
 
 

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Almanach de Gotha (175th ed.). Justus Perthes. 1938. p. 112. 
  2. ^ Maclagan, Michael (2002). Lines of Succession. Tables by Jiri Louda. Time Warner Books. p. 187. ISBN 0-316-72428-9. 
  3. ^ CONSTITUIÇÃO POLITICA DA MONARCHIA PORTUGUEZA p. Title 1, Chapter 1, Article 5.
  4. ^ Almanach de Gotha (146th ed.). Justus Perthes. 1909. p. 66. 
  5. ^ "Monarchist Breach Closed In Portugal". The New York Times. 1930-05-18. p. N1. 
  6. ^ "Successor Expects Throne". The New York Times. 1932-07-06. p. 19. 

External links[edit]

House of Braganza-Saxe-Coburg and Gotha
Cadet branch of the House of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha
Preceded by
House of Braganza
Coat of Arms of the Kingdom of Portugal (1640-1910).png
Ruling House of the Kingdom of Portugal
(disputed)
1853–1910
Monarchy Abolished