Gondola (family)

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Gondola
Gundulić
Coa Croatia Family Gundulić.svg
Country Republic of Ragusa
Austria-Hungary
Titles Count
Founded 930
Dissolution 1800
Cadet branches House of Getaldić-Gundulić

The Gondola (known in Croatian as Gundulić[a]) was a noble family of the Republic of Ragusa, considered one of the most prestiguos families of the republic. It had origins in southern Dalmatia and Tyrol. The family´s motto is Tout ou rien ("All or nothing").

Origin[edit]

According to historian Cerva,[who?] the Gondola patriciate dates to 930, as does those of Gozze, Pozza and Giorgi, meaning that they were deemed the oldest ones of Ragusa.[1] The first known member of the Gondola family was known as Silvanus. The mention of the name comes from 1024. The name Gondola derives from Greek, xovbu (vase à boire), as said, or xouvrexac; (barque).[clarification needed]

Middle Ages[edit]

In the 13th century, three generations of this family took leading roles in the public life in Ragusa. In the 15th century, Paladino Gondola (Paladin Gundulić) held the important position of a diplomat of the Republic to the Kingdom of Naples and Skanderbeg.[2]

17th century[edit]

The poet Ivan Gundulić (1589-1638) became the most significant person in the Gundulić family, being named the Count of Konavle in 1615 and 1619. In 1634 he became a senator. At the end of 1638 he was elected to the Small Council, but died before he was able to take office. Ivan married Nikoleta Sorkočević, daughter of Šišmundo Sorkočević.

Ivan's son, Frano, served the Austrian Empire and the Polish King Jan III Sobieski in 1683, participating in the defeat of the Ottoman Turks at the Battle of Vienna. The family then obtained fiefdoms from Emperor Leopold I. The others sons, Šišmundo (Šiško) and Matej, spent several years in the military service of the Spanish Habsburgs. After his return to Dubrovnik, Matej lived in Turkey for 28 months, until 1674. Matej later married a commoner, but had no children. He was elected the Rector of Ragusa many times.

On 20 April 1693 the Secretary of the Republic of Ragusa, Michael Allegrettus, confirmed the nobility of the family on behalf of the Rectors and the Great Council (Consilium Maius), it's patrician status.

See also[edit]

Annotations[edit]

  1. ^ Usage of the name "Gondola" in English-language sources.
    Selected examples:
    Usage of the name "Gundulić" in English-language sources.
    Selected examples:

References[edit]

  1. ^ Viscountess Emily Anne Beaufort Smythe Strangford (1864). The Eastern Shores of the Adriatic in 1863: With a Visit to Montenegro. R. Bentley. pp. 129–. 
  2. ^ Bojović (1998), p. 197

Sources[edit]

External links[edit]