House of Gundulić

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Gundulić
Gondola
Coa Croatia Family Gundulić.svg
Country Republic of Ragusa
Austria-Hungary
Titles Count
Founded 930
Dissolution 1800
Cadet branches House of Getaldić-Gundulić

The House of Gundulić[1] or Gondola[2] ("Gundulić" in Croatian, Gundula or Gundolae [1] [2] in Italo-Dalmatian) was a noble family from city of Dubrovnik, with origins in southern Dalmatia and Tyrol. The family´s motto is Tout ou rien ("All or nothing"). It was considered one of the most prestigious families of the Republic of Ragusa.

Origins[edit]

Originally from Lucca, the family arrived in Dubrovnik around 930. The name "Gundulić" is derived from the word Gondola, which in turn comes from Greek. On 20 April 1693 the Secretary of the Republic of Ragusa, Michael Allegrettus, confirmed the nobility of the family on behalf of the Rectors and the Great Council (Consilium Maius), it's patrician status. The first known member of the Gundulić family was known as Silvanus. The mention of the name comes from 1024.

In the 13th century, three generations of this family took leading roles in the public life in Dubrovnik. In the 15th century, Paladin Gundulić held the important position of a diplomat of the Republic to the Kingdom of Naples and Skanderbeg.[3] The poet Ivan Gundulić (1589-1638) became the most significant person in the Gundulić family, being named the Count of Konavle in 1615 and 1619. In 1634 he became a senator. At the end of 1638 he was elected to the Small Council, but died before he was able to take office. Ivan married Nikoleta Sorkočević, daughter of Šišmundo Sorkočević.

Ivan's son, Frano, served the Austrian Empire and the Polish King Jan III Sobieski in 1683, participating in the defeat of the Ottoman Turks at the Battle of Vienna. The family then obtained fiefdoms from Emperor Leopold I. The others sons, Šišmundo (Šiško) and Matej, spent several years in the military service of the Spanish Habsburgs. After his return to Dubrovnik, Matej lived in Turkey for 28 months, until 1674. Matej later married a commoner, but had no children. He was elected the Rector of Ragusa many times.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

Footnotes
  1. ^ Usage of the name "Gundulić" in English-language sources.
    Selected examples:
  2. ^ Usage of the name "Gondola" in English-language sources.
    Selected examples:
  3. ^ Bojović (1998), p.197
Bibliography

External links[edit]