House of Jeszenszky

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House of Jeszenszky
Country Kingdom of Hungary
Founded 1255 (Kisjeszen branch)
1278 (Nagyjeszen branch)
Founder András Temérdek (Kisjeszen branch)[1]
Mágya (Nagyjeszen branch)[2]
Cadet branches Kisjeszen branch
Nagyjeszen branch

Jeszenszky or Jesenský (also Jessensky, Jessinsky, Jessensky de Gross Jessen) is the name of two old noble families in the Kingdom of Hungary. They have a mutual name but their origins are different.

Kisjeszen branch[edit]

The first known ancestor of the Kisjeszen (Minor Jeszen) branch was the castle warrior András Temérdek who received lands in Túróc (Slovak: Turiec) county from king Béla IV of Hungary in 1255.[3][4] The family introduced their new surname after the name of a village "Jeszen".[3][4] In the 14th century the family used the "Kisjeszeni" name form and the Slavic variant of their name "Jeszenszky" came into use only from the 15th century.[4] While the word jesen means "autumn" in several Slavic languages, the Slovak name of the village, Jaseno, actually derives from the word jaseň, "ash tree".

Nagyjeszen branch[edit]

The first known member of the Nagyjeszen (Major Jeszen) branch was called Mágya.[2] In 1278 Mágya received his noble title, because of his valor in the Battle on the Marchfeld.[2]

Famous members of the families[edit]

Ladislaus Jesenský died in 1526 during the catastrophic Battle of Mohács. Subsequently, all Jesenský property was confiscated by the advancing Ottomans, so brothers Melchior, Lorenz and Balthasar Jesenský moved to Silesia (then part of the Crown of Bohemia) and lived in Wrocław and Świdnica from 1541 onward. Balthasar's son was Ján Jesenský, known as Jan Jesenius, famous scientist and politician who lived and died in Prague, Bohemia.

Branches of the family are still living in Slovakia, the Czech Republic, Hungary and the United States.

Important family members:

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Járdáni Temérdek András Ivadékai, rakovszky.eu
  2. ^ a b c Jeszenszky, Géza: A szlovák-magyar kiegyezés útja. In: Szlovákok az európai történelemben. Közép-Európai Intézet, Teleki László Alapítvány, Budapest, 1994
  3. ^ a b "Pallas Nagy Lexikona". Hungarian Electronic Library, mek.oszk.hu. Retrieved 2013-07-17. 
  4. ^ a b c László Fodor, A kisjeszeni Jeszenszky család Szatmárban, Szabolcs-Szatmár Bereg Megyei Önkormányzat, 2008, p. 31

Sources[edit]