House of Jeszenszky
|House of Jeszenszky|
|Country||Kingdom of Hungary|
|Founded||1255 (Kisjeszen branch)
1278 (Nagyjeszen branch)
|Founder||András Temérdek (Kisjeszen branch)
Mágya (Nagyjeszen branch)
|Cadet branches||Kisjeszen branch
The first known ancestor of the Kisjeszen (Minor Jeszen) branch was the castle warrior András Temérdek who received lands in Túróc (Slovak: Turiec) county from king Ladislaus IV of Hungary in 1255. The family introduced their new surname after the name of a village "Jeszen". In the 14th century the family used the "Kisjeszeni" name form and the Slavic variant of their name "Jeszenszky" came into use only from the 15th century. While the word jesen means "autumn" in several Slavic languages, the Slovak name of the village, Jaseno, actually derives from the word jaseň, "ash tree" .
Famous members of the families
Ladislaus Jesenský died in 1526 during the catastrophic Battle of Mohács. Subsequently, all Jesenský property was confiscated by the advancing Osmans, so brothers Melchior, Lorenz and Balthasar Jesenský moved to Silesia (then part of the Crown of Bohemia) and lived in Wrocław and Świdnica from 1541 onward. Balthasar's son was Ján Jesenský, known as Jan Jesenius, famous scientist and politician who lived and died in Prague, Bohemia.
Important family members:
- Jan Jesenius (1566–1621), Slovak physician, philosopher and politician, rector of Charles University in Prague
- Růžena Jesenská (1863–1940), Czech novelist
- Jan Jesenský (1870–1947), Czech scientist, professor of Charles University
- Janko Jesenský (1874–1945), Slovak poet, prose writer and translator
- Milena Jesenská (1896–1944), Czech journalist and translator, friend of Franz Kafka
- Jan Jesenský, Jr. (1904–1942), Czech scientist, assistant professor of Charles University
- Ferenc Jeszenszky (1905–1990), Hungarian economist, during 1949–52 was a president of Hungarian National Bank in Budapest
- Géza Jeszenszky (1941–), Hungarian politician, in 1990–94 foreign minister of Hungary
- Járdáni Temérdek András Ivadékai, rakovszky.eu
- Jeszenszky, Géza: A szlovák-magyar kiegyezés útja. In: Szlovákok az európai történelemben. Közép-Európai Intézet, Teleki László Alapítvány, Budapest, 1994
- "Pallas Nagy Lexikona". Hungarian Electronic Library, mek.oszk.hu. Retrieved 2013-07-17.
- László Fodor, A kisjeszeni Jeszenszky család Szatmárban, Szabolcs-Szatmár Bereg Megyei Önkormányzat, 2008, p. 31