House of Lacković

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
House of Lacković (Laczkovich)/Lackfi
Lacković family coat of arms
Country Croatia, Hungary, Transylvania.
Parent house Hermány clan
Titles Count of the Székelys, Voivode of Transylvania, Ban of Croatia, Palatine of Hungary, etc.
Founded 14th century
Founder Ladislaus (Lack) of Hermány, Count of Székelys

Lacković or Lackfi family was a noble family from Kingdom of Hungary and Croatia, which ruled parts of Transylvania (as Count of the Székelys) and held the title of Voivode of Transylvania in the 14th century. The Lacković/Lackfi family were one of the most prestigious families in 14th century Kingdom of Hungary.[1] The family also gave several Bans of Croatia (Slavonia and Dalmatia included) and Bulgaria, and held the titles of Count Palatine of Hungary and Prince of Zadar, as well as a Viceroy to Kingdom of Naples.

Origins[edit]

The family started with Lack Count of the Székelys of the Herman (Hermány) clan which are thought to have sprang from the Raabs family from Raabs an der Thaya in Lower Austria later Lords of Nuremberg. The theory says they arrived in 995 together with Giselle of Bavaria and settled in the southern area of the Pannonian Basin. His descendants took the name of Lacković/Lackfi which means son of Lack (Laczk). After having lost most of their influence following the Bloody Sabor of Križevci the remaining branch of the Lacković (Laczkovich) family settled on their Croatian estates in Križevci County, integrating, over the centuries, into the Croatian nobility.[2]

Earlier it was thought that the family started with Ladislaus Kán as a branch of Kán family which were a branch of the Hermány clan as well.

Members[edit]

Notable members of the House of Lacković include:

  • Lack, Count of the Székelys (1328–1343).
  • Stephen I (Croatian: Stjepan, Hungarian: István) Lacković, Lord of Međimurje, Voivode of Transylvania (1344–1350), Ban (governor) of Croatia, Slavonia, and Dalmatia (1350–1352).
  • Andrew I (Croatian: Andrija, Hungarian: András) Lacković, Voivode of Transylvania (1353; 1356–59), Viceroy of Naples (1350–1352).
  • Nicholas I (Croatian: Nikola, Hungarian: Miklós) Lacković, Ban of Slavonia (1342–43), Voivode of Transylvania (1367–1369).
  • Dionysus I (Croatian: Dionizije, Hungarian: Dénes) Lacković, Bishop of Knin (1348–1349), Bishop of Zagreb (1349–1350), Archbishop of Kalocsa (1350–1356).
  • Stephen II Lacković (died 1397), Lord of Međimurje, Lendava, Vinica, and Keszthely, Ban of Croatia (1371–1372; 1382–1386), Voivode of Transylvania (1372–1376), Palatine of Hungary (1387–1392), Prince of Zadar (1383, 1387–88, 1391–92).
  • Emeric I (Croatian: Mirko, Hungarian: Imre) Lacković, Voivode of Transylvania (1369–1372), Ban of Bulgaria (1365–1366), Ban of Croatia, Slavonia, and Dalmatia (1368), Prince of Zadar (1368–69).
  • Dionysus II Lacković (Croatian: Dionizije, Hungarian: Dénes), Voivode of Transylvania (1359–1367).
  • Henry I Lacković (Croatian: Hinko, Hungarian: Henrik), Ban of Croatia (1383).
  • Maria (Croatian: Marija, Hungarian: Mária), married Mircea I Basarab, Voivode of Wallachia.
  • George I (Croatian: Juraj, Hungarian: György), Ban of Mačva/Macsó (1392–1393).
  • Peter, Noble Judge (iudex nobilium) of Križevci County (fl. 1513).
  • Paul, Member of the Ban's Table (banski stol) (1630).
  • Paul, Noble Judge (iudex nobilium) of Varaždin County (1647).

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Royal Counties in Transylvania". mek.oszk.hu/. 1. Retrieved 2013-09-07. 
  2. ^ "Internationale Vereinigung der Edelleute - Königreich Kroatien und Slawonien". edelleute.eu. Retrieved 2013-09-07. 

External links[edit]