Palmotta

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Palmotta
Palmotić
Coa fam ITA palmotta.jpg
Country Republic of Ragusa
Founded 1157 or 1222
Current head extinct
Dissolution 1709
Ceremonial Rector's sword, a gift from the King Matija Korvin, brought to Dubrovnik in 1466 by Dživo Palmotić

The Palmotta (in Italian; known as Palmotić in Croatian) was one of the oldest and most prominent families of the Republic of Ragusa (present-day Dubrovnik). Many of its representatives were Rectors (Knezes) of the Republic, as well as members of the Small Council, Senate and Grand Council. Some of them were notable poets and playwrights.

History[edit]

The ancestors of the family originated most probably from the medieval principality of Zahumlje. The first mention of the family name was in the 13th century (1222), although according to some sources they had been present in Dubrovnik before, already in the 12th century (1157). In the two-century-long period of time, from 1440 to 1640, there were in total 46 members of the family in the Grand Council (Consilium maius), a body consisting of all adult noblemen of the Republic. They were also 67 times elected to the Senate (Consilium rogatorum), 34 times to the Small Council (Consilium minus), and 42 times as Rectors (Knez), the heads of the state.

In his description of Dubrovnik in the 15th century, Filip de Diversis, an Italian humanist born in Lucca, Tuscany, adduced that the Palmotta was one of the only 33 remaining patrician families in the prosperous mercantile and maritime Republic. The process of extinction continued however onwards, so that there were merely 24 aristocratic families in Ragusa in the 17th century, including the Palmotićs. The family reached its peak at that time, for its members were distinguished diplomats, poets and playwrights.

Having been skilled diplomats, the members of the family performed ambassador duties at many European and non-European royal and imperial courts for centuries. One of them, Dživo (Ivan) Palmotić, was given the honour to bring a beautiful ceremonial sword, donated by King Matija Korvin (second half of the 15th century), personally from Buda to Rector's Palace in Dubrovnik. That is why a sword is a constituent part of the family coat of arms.

In the course of time, however, the process of extinction affected the House of Palmotić at the beginning of the 18th century. The remarkable Ragusan family became extinct as its last scion, Jelena Palmotić, died in 1709.

Notables members[edit]

See also[edit]

External links[edit]