House of Petrović-Njegoš
|House of Petrović-Njegoš|
|Founder||Danilo I Petrović-Njegoš|
|Final ruler||Nicholas I|
|Current head||Nicholas II|
|Deposition||26 November 1918|
The House of Petrović-Njegoš (Serbian Cyrillic: Петровић-Његош) was the ruling family of Montenegro from 1696 to 1918. Montenegro had enjoyed de facto independence from the Ottoman Empire from 1711 but only received formal international recognition as an independent principality in 1878.
Montenegro was ruled from inception by Vladikas, Prince-Bishops, who had a dual temporal and spiritual role. In 1852 this role was amended to be a purely temporal office. In 1910 the ruling prince Nikola I announced his elevation to King. In 1916 King Nikola I was ousted by the invasion and occupation of his country by Austria-Hungary that was followed by his formal deposition by the Podgorica Assembly in 1918 as Montenegro was annexed by the emergent Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes.
A period of eighty years of control from Belgrade followed during which Nikola I died in exile in France in 1921 followed shorty afterwards by the surprise abdication of his son and heir, Danilo III, the same year. The latter's nephew, Michael Petrović-Njegoš, inherited the titles of his predecessors whilst in exile in France and survived arrest and internment by order of Adolf Hitler for refusing to head up a puppet Montenegrin state aligned to the Axis Powers. Later, he served the Yugoslav Communist regime as Head of Protocol. He was succeeded by his son Nicholas Petrović-Njegoš in 1986. Nicholas returned to Montenegro to support the Montenegrin independence movement that went on to achieve full sovereignty for the Republic of Montenegro in 2006 referendum.
In 2011 Montenegro recognized an official role for the Royal House of Petrović-Njegoš in Montenegro: to promote Montenegrin identity, culture and traditions through cultural, humanitarian and other non-political activities, which has been interepted as a "creeping restoration" of the monarchy.
The present head of the house is Nicholas II of Montenegro.
- 1 Origin
- 2 Heads of the House of Petrović-Njegoš (1696–Present)
- 3 See also
- 4 References
- 5 External links
The first known ancestor, Vojvoda Bogut, held a city near Ugljevik in north-east Bosnia during the rule of Emperor Dušan the Mighty (r. 1331-1355). His son, Đurađ Bogutović, migrated from Bosnia to a village named Muževice in Banjani, Montenegro, fleeing the Ottoman Turks. By the end of the 14th-century, however, Bogutović and his children are seen living in Drobnjaci.
Heads of the House of Petrović-Njegoš (1696–Present)
Prince-Bishops (Vladikas) of Montenegro (1696–1852)
- Prince-Bishop Danilo I Šćepčev Petrović-Njegoš (1696–1735)
- Prince-Bishop Sava II Petrović-Njegoš (1735–1781)
- Prince-Bishop Vasilije III Petrović-Njegoš (joint ruler with Sava II (1750–1766)
- Prince-Bishop Petar I Petrović-Njegoš (Saint Peter of Cetinje, Sveti Petar Cetinjski) (1782–1830)
- Prince-Bishop Petar II Petrović-Njegoš (1830–1851)
- Prince-Bishop Danilo II Petrović-Njegoš (1851–1852) - became Prince in 1852 as Danilo I.
Princes (Knyazs) of Montenegro (1852-1910)
- Danilo I, Prince of Montenegro (1852–1860)
- Nikola I, Prince of Montenegro (1860–1910) - became King in 1910.
King (Kralj) of Montenegro (1910-1918)
- King Nicholas I of Montenegro (1910–1918)
Line of Succession post-monarchy (1918–Present)
- King Nicholas I of Montenegro (1918–1921)
- Danilo, Crown Prince of Montenegro (1921)
- Michael, Prince of Montenegro (1921–1986)
- Nicholas, Prince of Montenegro, styled Crown Prince Nicholas II of Montenegro (1986–Present, current Pretender to the Throne)
- Nikola and Milena, King and Queen of the Black Mountain
- The Rise and Fall of Montenegro's Royal Family by Marco Houston
- The Njegoskij Fund Public Project Private family archives-based digital documentary fund, focused on history and culture of Royal Montenegro
- Official website of the Royal House of Montenegro
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