House of Sverre

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House of Sverre
Coat of arms of Norway (1924) no crown.svg
Country Kingdom of Norway and Kingdom of Scotland
Parent house Not known
Titles Chieftain of the Birkebeins, King of Norway, Queen of Scots
Founded 1184
Founder Sverre Sigurdsson
Current head Extinct, last monarch of this House was Haakon Magnusson
Cadet branches None, replaced by the House of Bjelbo
A sculpture believed to be of King Haakon V Magnusson as Duke of Oslo, Oppland, Ryfylke, the Faroe Islands, and Shetland.
Burial site of Haakon V Magnusson in Oslo.

The House of Sverre (Norwegian: Sverreætten)[1] was a royal house or dynasty which ruled, at various times in history, the Kingdom of Norway, hereunder the kingdom's realms, and the Kingdom of Scotland. The house was founded with King Sverre Sigurdsson. It sat on Norway's throne from 1184 to 1319. The rulers of this house claimed descendance from the House of Fairhair and its old rulers, a claim disputed by many modern scholars.

History[edit]

The house was founded with King Sverre Sigurdsson, who claimed to be an illegitimate son of King Sigurd Munn, when he was made King of Norway. After Sverre's death, his descendants would expand the influence, wealth, and power of the dynasty. Under his grandson Haakon IV's rule, medieval Norway reached its peak.

Also Margaret, Maid of Norway was a member of this family.

The rulers of this house claimed descendance from the House of Fairhair and its old rulers. However, modern historians reject the claim as unlikely and a fabrication in order to gain Norway's throne.

The house replaced the Gille dynasty, and was again replaced by the House of Bjelbo, which inherited Norway's throne. They were the last reigning family that claimed patrilineal descent from Harald Fairhair.

Name[edit]

It is unlikely that the rulers officially referred to their dynasty as the House of Sverre; this is a term made by modern historians. The Norwegian term is Sverreætten, meaning the Sverre dynasty or the Sverre clan, and also this is likely a construction of newer times.

Coat of arms[edit]

See also: Coat of arms of Norway

The main arms of the kings belonging to the House of Sverre, was a golden crowned lion on a red field. The lion was later supplied with a silver axe symbolising Olaf the Holy.

List of kings[edit]

The rulers within the royal house or dynasty would often have a "junior king" along with a "senior king" (three dates show the reign as junior king to the start of reign as senior to the end of their reign). Here is a list of the rulers when the house held the power in Norway:

Name Reign
Sverre Sigurdsson 1184–1202
Haakon III Sverresson 1202–1204
Guttorm Sigurdsson 1204
Rule of Inge Baardson of the Gille branch 1204–1217
Haakon the Old 1217–1263
Haakon Haakonsson the Young 1240–1257
Magnus VI Lagabøte 1257–1263–1280
Eric Magnusson 1273–1280–1299
Haakon Magnusson 1299–1319

Other members[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Lunden, Kåre and Mykland, Knut (1976). Norge under Sverreætten 1177-1319. Norges historie 3. Cappelen. ISBN 9788202034535.