Housing in Hong Kong

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31% of the Hong Kong population lives in public rental housing estates. Kin Ming Estate, completed in 2003, is a public housing estate located in Tseung Kwan O. It consists of 10 housing blocks housing about 22,000 people.
Private housing estates are a common form of private permanent housing. Hong Kong Parkview, located at Wong Nai Chung Gap is among the ones at the top of the market.
Traditional housing can be found in the New Territories. Some villages have been occupied for over 200 years. Here, the entrance gate of Nam Pin Wai, a walled village in Yuen Long Kau Hui.

Housing in Hong Kong varies by location and income. More than 7 million people live on about 1,108 km² (427 mi²) of land in the region.

Housing statistics[edit]

According to the 2007 census,[1] the total Hong Kong population was 6.6 million. The breakdown by type of housing was as follows:

Public rental housing: 31.0%
Housing Authority subsidized sale flats: 17.1%
Housing Society subsidized sale flats: 0.7%
Private permanent housing: 49.3%
Temporary housing: 0.7%
Non-domestic housing: 1.2%

Subsidized sale flats listed here are not tradeable in the open market.

In 2009, 52.3% of the 2.3 million domestic households were owner-occupiers.[2]

In 2004/2005, housing expenditures were accounting for an average of 30.6% of the average monthly household expenditures, with utilities accounting for an additional 3.4%.[3]

Urban settlements on Hong Kong Island, Kowloon and some former market towns in the New Territories were mostly developed during the 19th and 20th centuries. Tong-laus, the local form of shophouses, built mostly in the first half of the 20th century, are witnesses of this development.

Public housing[edit]

Public housing is a major component of the housing in Hong Kong. About half of Hong Kong residents now live in public housing estates (Chinese: 公共屋邨) and other tower blocks with some form of subsidy. The history of public housing in Hong Kong can be traced back to 1953, when a fire in Shek Kip Mei destroyed the shanty homes of approximately 53,000 people. As a consequence, the Hong Kong Government commenced a programme of mass public housing, providing affordable homes for those on low incomes.[4]

Several subsidized home ownership programs have been implemented, including: Home Ownership Scheme, Flat-for-Sale Scheme, Tenants Purchase Scheme, Sandwich Class Housing Scheme and Private Sector Participation Scheme.


In the high-end market, the Peak is ranked the 3rd most expensive city in the world in 2007 with a square foot per unit pricing of US $2,008 behind London and Monaco[5]

Housing estates[edit]

Traditional and historical housing[edit]

See also[edit]

Pang uk are stilt houses found in Tai O.


  1. ^ Census and Statistics Department - Population by type of housing (archive)
  2. ^ Census and Statistics Department - Statistics on Domestic Households (archive)
  3. ^ Census and Statistics Department - Household Expenditure Survey (archive)
  4. ^ Choi, Barry (30 June 1975). "Housing means more than a roof" (PDF). South China Morning Post. Retrieved 7 February 2007. 
  5. ^ ABC News. "ABC News Go." "Hong Kong's Real Estate is World's Peak." Retrieved on 2007-04-06.

External links[edit]

Special Remarks (to be clarified)[edit]

 referring to the remarks in the "Housing in Figures, explanatory note", the no. of population rent a private but does not own it is count in the private permanent housing
 temporary housing are referring to home which is not suitable for home.