Houston National Cemetery
Main entrance to Houston National Cemetery
|Year established||December 7, 1965|
|Location||Houston, Harris County, Texas|
|Type||United States National Cemetery|
|Owned by||U.S. Department of Veterans Affairs|
|Size||419.2 acres (2 km2)|
|Number of graves||85,000|
|Find a Grave||Houston National Cemetery|
Houston National Cemetery is a United States National Cemetery in the city of Houston in Harris County, Texas. It encompasses 419.2 acres (169.6 ha) only about half of which is developed. The cemetery had more than 85,000 interments as of 2014.
First established on December 7, 1965 as a Veterans Administration Cemetery, it became Houston National Cemetery in 1973 after the passage of the National Cemetery Act. It was the only government cemetery constructed in the United States during the 1960s and was the largest of its kind at the time of construction. At 419.2 acres (169.6 ha), the cemetery is smaller than the 624 acres (253 ha) of Arlington National Cemetery.
The Hemicycle, a large semi-circular monument which surrounds a chapel and a 75' high bell tower, with a large courtyard for open air ceremonies. The Hemicycle is the largest memorial and the most visible structure at the cemetery. The memorial is the only NCA-managed hemicycle memorial and is one of three hemicycles located in national cemeteries. The others are located at Arlington National Cemetery and Manila American Cemetery and Memorial in the Philippines.
Located in the center of the hemicycle are the chapel, carillon and speaker’s stand. David Parsons, a professor of art at Rice University, sculpted a 20 ft × 6 ft (6.1 m × 1.8 m) bas relief of three forms, a fallen soldier supported by two comrades. The 75-foot (23 m) tower, 305-bell, Schulmerich carillon was dedicated May 30, 1970.
- Medal of Honor recipients
- Dan Bankhead, the first African American pitcher in major league baseball
- Kermit Beahan, bombardier of the Bockscar, which dropped the second atomic bomb in Japan
- Willard Brown, Baseball Hall of Famer
- Hal Epps, Major League Baseball player
- Amos Milburn, musician
- Albert Richard Thomas, US Representative
- "Cemeteries – Houston National Cemetery". Retrieved 2009-03-21.
- "Cemeteries – Houston National Cemetery – Burial & Memorials". Retrieved 2009-06-01.
- National Cemetery Administration
- Houston National Cemetery
- Historic American Landscapes Survey (HALS) No. TX-5, "Houston National Cemetery, 10410 Veterans Memorial Drive, Houston, Harris County, TX", 29 photos, 3 photo caption pages
- U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Houston National Cemetery