Hovhannes Shiraz

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Hovhannes Shiraz
Hovhannes Shiraz.JPG
Born Onik Tadevosi Karapetyan
27 April 1915
Alexandropol, Russian Empire
Died 24 March 1984 (aged 69)
Yerevan, Soviet Armenia
Occupation Poet
Nationality Armenian
Genres Lyric poetry

Hovhannes Shiraz (Armenian: Հովհաննես Շիրազ) (April 27, 1915 – March 14, 1984) was a notable Armenian poet.

Biography[edit]

He was born Hovhannes (Onik) Tadevosi Karapetyan in the city of Alexandropol, then part of the Russian Empire (now Gyumri, Armenia). His mother, Astghik, was widowed by the Armenian Genocide shortly before his birth. [1] Shiraz grew up in a considerable poverty. His first work called Beginning of Spring was published in 1935. Novelist Atrpet gave the talented poet the epithet "Shiraz", because "this youth's poems have the fragrance of roses, fresh and covered with dew, like the roses of Shiraz" (Shiraz being one of Iran's major cities, famous for its roses and poets). Another version of his pen name is "Shirak azn"—a child of Shirak, the region he was from.[2]

Hovhannes Shiraz studied in Yerevan State University and Moscow Maxim Gorky Literature Institute. In 1958, Shiraz published the first volume of his anthology Knar Hayastani (Lyre of Armenia).[3] The second and third volumes were published in 1965 and 1974. These collections include the best examples of Shiraz's poetry.[4]

Most of Shiraz's publications were poetry. He is an author of very popular patriotic and love poems included "Ani", "My mother", "May my love remain a secret", "Siamanto and Khjezare", "Expromt", "Like the pagan love", "My holy Homeland", "The fate of Armenians", "To Andranik", etc. He wrote "The Armenian Dante-esque" about the Armenian genocide, a subject that was banned in Soviet Union. The first version of this masterpiece was written in 1941.[5] Only short passages from this work were published during his life in Soviet Armenia, and some chapters were published in Beirut and Tehran. The entire poem (over 8000 lines) was published in 1990 in Yerevan.

He was buried at Komitas Pantheon, Yerevan, Armenia, along with other distinguished Armenians.

He married famous Armenian poetess Silva Kaputikyan. His son with Kaputikyan, Ara Shiraz, is a sculptor. Shiraz had seven children with his second wife, Shushanik Shiraz (Aristakesyan, 1937-2006).[6] Their son Sipan Shiraz was a poet.

Yerevan school #169 and a street in Julfa of Isfahan are named after him. Hovhannes Shiraz’s House-Museum is opened in a 19th Century building in Gyumri.[7]

Personality[edit]

Shiraz was known for his good sense of humour. In early 1960s, John Steinbeck visited poet's apartment in Yerevan, and then wrote in a letter: "...men are closest together when they laugh together. And I remember that in Yerevan we laughed together a great deal."[8]

Yevgeny Yevtushenko[9] and Alexander Gitovich[10] dedicated poems to Shiraz.

Shiraz was an anti-establishment poet who was very popular with the people of Soviet Armenia but fought against its corrupt Soviet leadership all his life.[11] When in 1974 the known critic Suren Aghababyan has brought to Shiraz the news about awarding of the Order of Lenin, the answer has followed: "And what they [the Soviet government] want in exchange? To buy my silence?"[4]

Poetry[edit]

Shiraz is an author of about forty poetry books and translations. His rich vocabulary and sensitive style, enhanced by folk and colloquial elements,[12] made his poetry one of the highest achievements of Armenian literature. Critics consider many of his works masterpieces. According to Paruyr Sevak, "The modern Armenian poetry has risen on the ridge of Shiraz".[4] "Shiraz is a great talent, we should be proud and consider as a great honor that we personally know him", wrote William Saroyan. Shiraz built his poems with Armenian tuff of emothions, added Yevgeny Yevtushenko.[13]

In my dreams my door was knocked at,
"Who is it?" I asked from inside.
Some elderly lady from the outside
Answered and said, "I'd sacrifice myself for you."

"I've come to ask for a piece of bread as charity
I'm a poor orphan woman with no one to support me."
At this point I opened my door immediately,
Only to find a miracle; it was my deceased mother indeed!

I was shocked but fell into her arms;
And my mother said, "It's me, it's me,
I've come to try you and to check on you.
I hope life hasn't changed your spirit and also you?!"

I came in the form of a beggar
So that the whole world can be a witness
To see if your conscience, my dear son,
If your conscience also died along with me?!"

(Translated from Armenian by Daniel Janoyan)

Poems of Shiraz are known throughout the former USSR (his works were translated by Arseny Tarkovsky and Nikolay Aseev) and abroad. Anyways, as Andrey Dementyev writes, Hovhannes Shiraz, like Sergey Yesenin, uses many metaphors, so it's very hard to translate his poems.[14]

During a meeting with Soviet writers, to demonstrate what kind of poetry he liked best, Hindi writer Bhisham Sahni, showed a journal containing some poems by Hovhannes Shiraz.[15]

Selected bibliography[edit]

  • Beginning of Spring, 1935
  • Song of Armenia, 1940
  • The voice of poet, 1942
  • A book of songs, 1942
  • Biblian, 1944
  • Lyre of Armenia, three volumes, 1958, 1965 and 1974
  • A monument to my Mother, 1968
  • Peace to everybody, 1982

Filmography[edit]

  • "Hovhannes Shiraz: A Documentary". In 2005 Director Levon Mkrtchyan released a documentary film titled "Hovhannes Shiraz ". /Հովհաննես Շիրազ/
  • "On the Path to Eternity", Armenfilm, 1983, 35mm, director Levon Mkrtchyan, composer Sarkis Aladjadjyan

References[edit]

  1. ^ Armenia: with Nagorno Karabagh, Nicholas Holding, 2006, p. 40
  2. ^ Hovhannes Shiraz, Orientalistica
  3. ^ Razmik Panossian, The Armenians: From Kings and Priests to Merchants and Commissars (Columbia University Press, 2006), 335.
  4. ^ a b c "МОЯ БИОГРАФИЯ – ЭТО МОИ СТИХИ", 2010
  5. ^ The Armenian genocide: cultural and ethical legacies, By Richard G. Hovannisian, p. 103
  6. ^ Shushanik Shiraz
  7. ^ House-Museums of Writers
  8. ^ The Fragrance of the Roses Lingers On ... Hovhannes Shiraz
  9. ^ Первое собрание сочинений в восьми томах: 1976–1982, Евгений Александрович Евтушенко
  10. ^ Подольный И. Что было, то было: Записки счастливого человека. – Вологда, 2001
  11. ^ Hovhannes Shiraz, by Shant Norashkharian
  12. ^ Calendar of literary facts: a daily and yearly guide, by Samuel J. Rogal – 1991
  13. ^ Е. Евтушенко, Талант есть чудо неслучайное, 1980, с. 216
  14. ^ Поэт Андрей ДЕМЕНТЬЕВ, Bulvar Gordona, № 34 (329) 2011
  15. ^ Soviet literature, journal, 1987, p. 156

External links[edit]