How to Marry a Millionaire

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
For the 1957 syndicated television series based on the film, see How to Marry a Millionaire (TV series).
How to Marry a Millionaire
Howtomarry1.jpg
Theatrical Film Poster
Directed by Jean Negulesco
Produced by Nunnally Johnson
Screenplay by Nunnally Johnson
Based on The Greeks Had a Word for It 
by Zoë Akins
Loco 
by Dale Eunson
Katherine Albert
Starring Marilyn Monroe
Betty Grable
Lauren Bacall
William Powell
Music by Cyril J. Mockridge, composer
Alfred Newman, direction
Cinematography Joseph MacDonald
Edited by Louis R. Loeffler
Distributed by 20th Century Fox
Release date(s)
  • November 5, 1953 (1953-11-05) (United States)
Running time 95 minutes
Country United States
Language English
Budget $1,870,000[1]
Box office $9.8 million (US)[2]

How to Marry a Millionaire is a 1953 American romantic comedy directed by Jean Negulesco and produced and written by Nunnally Johnson. The film stars Marilyn Monroe, Betty Grable and Lauren Bacall as three gold diggers, along with William Powell, David Wayne and Rory Calhoun, and Cameron Mitchell. The screenplay was based on the plays The Greeks Had a Word for It by Zoë Akins and Loco by Dale Eunson and Katherine Albert.

Distributed by 20th Century Fox, How to Marry a Millionaire was filmed in Technicolor and was the first film ever to be photographed in the new CinemaScope wide-screen process. It was the second Cinemascope film released by Fox after the biblical epic film The Robe.[3]

How to Marry a Millionaire was also the first 1950s color and CinemaScope film ever to be shown on prime time network television (though panned-and-scanned), when it was presented as the first film on NBC Saturday Night at the Movies on September 23, 1961.[4]

Plot summary[edit]

Monroe as Pola, Grable as Loco, and Bacall as Schatze

Resourceful Schatze Page (Lauren Bacall), spunky Loco Dempsey (Betty Grable), and ditzy Pola Debevoise (Marilyn Monroe) rent a luxurious Sutton Place penthouse in New York City from Freddie Denmark (David Wayne), who is avoiding the IRS by living in Europe. The women plan to use the apartment to attract rich men and marry them. When money is tight, Schatze pawns some of Freddie's furniture, without his knowledge. To their dismay, as winter approaches, the furnishings continue to be sold off as they have no luck.

One day, Loco carries in some groceries, assisted by Tom Brookman (Cameron Mitchell). Tom is very interested in Schatze, but she dismisses him, thinking he is poor. She tries repeatedly to brush him off as she sets her sights on the charming, classy widower J.D. Hanley (William Powell) whose worth is irreproachably large. All the while she's stalking the older J.D., Tom, who is actually very wealthy, keeps after her. After every one of their dates, she tells him she never wants to see him again. She refuses to marry a poor man again.

Meanwhile, Loco (Grable) becomes acquainted with a grumpy businessman (Fred Clark). He is married, but she agrees to go with him to his lodge in Maine, mistakenly thinking she's going to meet a bunch of Elks Club members. When they arrive, Loco is disappointed to find that the businessman was hoping to have an affair with her and set them up in a dingy lodge instead of the glamorous one she was expecting. She attempts to leave but unfortunately comes down with the measles and has to stay in the lodge until cured. She is nursed back to health with the help of a strapping young man named Eben (Rory Calhoun), whom she thinks owns most of the surrounding land. She has no trouble transferring her affections to the handsome outdoorsman and they become engaged. When she finds out that he's just a forest ranger, she is very disappointed, but Loco realizes that she loves him and is willing to overlook his financial shortcomings.

Pola being romanced by a phony tycoon, played by Alexander D'Arcy

The third member of the group, Pola (Monroe), is extremely nearsighted, but hates to wear her glasses where any man might see her. As she puts it, "Men aren't attentive to girls who wear glasses." (a takeoff of Dorothy Parker's "Men seldom make passes at girls who wear glasses.") She falls for a phony Arab oil tycoon, not knowing he's really a crooked speculator. Luckily, when she takes a plane from La Guardia airport to meet him, she misreads Kansas City for Atlantic City on an airport sign and ends up on the wrong plane. She sits next to a man, also wearing glasses, who thinks she's "quite a strudel" and encourages her to put hers on. It turns out that he is the mysterious Freddie Denmark on his way to Kansas City to find the crooked accountant who got him into trouble with the IRS. He doesn't have much luck when he tracks the man down, but he and Pola become enamored with each other and eventually marry.

William Powell as J.D. Hanley prepares to marry Schatze, with Loco and Pola as bridesmaids.

Loco, and Pola are reunited with Schatze just before her wedding to J.D. Schatze finds herself unable to go through with the wedding and confesses to J.D. that she is in love with Tom. He graciously understands and agrees to call off the wedding. Tom is among the wedding attendees and the two reconcile and marry, with Schatze still not knowing that he is rich.

Afterwards, the three happy couples end up at a greasy spoon, dining on hamburgers. Schatze jokingly asks Eben and Freddie about their financial prospects - which are slim. When she finally gets around to Tom, he casually admits a net worth around $200 million, and lists an array of holdings, which none of the others appear to take seriously. He then calls for the bill, pulling out an enormous wad of money and pays with a $1,000 note, telling the chef to keep the change. The three astonished women faint dead away onto the floor. Tom then proposes the men drink a toast to their unconscious wives.

Cast[edit]

Premiere and box office[edit]

How to Marry a Millionaire premiered at the Fox Wilshire Theatre (now the Saban Theatre), in Beverly Hills, California, on November 4, 1953.[5] The film was a box office success earning $7.5 million domestically making it Fox's highest grossing film of 1953.[2]

Production notes[edit]

The film's cinematography was by Joseph MacDonald. The costume design was by Travilla.

Portrayal of New York[edit]

Between scenes the cinematography has some iconic views of New York City. Views include: Rockefeller Center; Central Park; the United Nations Building; and Brooklyn Bridge in the opening sequence. Other iconic views include the Empire State Building, the lights of Times Square at night and the George Washington Bridge.

Music[edit]

The music score was written by Fox studio music chief Alfred Newman. The film features an actual overture after the fashion of a live theatrical extravaganza. The 20th Century Fox Orchestra is arrayed before the camera to perform "Street Scene," conducted by Newman. This serves to highlight CinemaScope's new four-track magnetic stereophonic sound system and widescreen visuals. The orchestra appears throughout in wide shots and there are no closeups of any of the players, nor of Newman. At the conclusion of "Street Scene," Newman turns to take a bow before launching into the "Main Title". The orchestra reappears briefly for the "End Title", also an arrangement of "Street Scene".

Newman originally composed "Street Scene" for the film version of Elmer Rice's play Street Scene (1931), a portrayal of New York (which explains its distinctly Gershwinesque flavor, a la Rhapsody in Blue), and used it in numerous subsequent New York-based films (The Dark Corner, Kiss of Death, Cry of the City, I Wake Up Screaming, How to Marry a Millionaire). Much of the rest of the score for How to Marry a Millionaire consists of similarly familiar, preexisting compositions, including several pieces composed by George Gershwin.

The music soundtrack from How to Marry a Millionaire was released on CD by Membran International in 2004. The film's arrangement of Newman's "Street Scene" was performed in 1973 by National Philharmonic Orchestra, conducted by Charles Gerhardt, for the album Captain from Castille - Classic Film Scores of Alfred Newman, accompanied by a booklet in which Page Cook chronicles the background of the piece.

Television adaptation[edit]

In 1957, the film was adapted into a sitcom of the same name. The series stars Barbara Eden (as Loco Jones), Merry Anders (Michelle "Mike" Page), Lori Nelson (Greta Lindquist) and as Nelson's later replacement, Lisa Gaye as Gwen Kirby. How to Marry a Millionaire aired in syndication for a total of two seasons.

Remake[edit]

In 2007, Nicole Kidman bought the rights to How to Marry a Millionaire under her production company Blossom Films, and is set to produce and possibly star in a remake.[6]

Award nominations[edit]

Academy Awards[edit]

Writers Guild of America[edit]

  • 1954: Best Written American Comedy, Nunnally Johnson

BAFTA[edit]

  • 1955: Best Film (USA)

References[edit]

  1. ^ Solomon, Aubrey. Twentieth Century Fox: A Corporate and Financial History (The Scarecrow Filmmakers Series). Lanham, Maryland: Scarecrow Press, 1989. ISBN 978-0-8108-4244-1. p248
  2. ^ a b Lev, Peter. Transforming the Screen, 1950-1959. University of California Press. p. 118. ISBN 0-520-24966-6. 
  3. ^ Churchwell, Sarah. The Many Lives of Marilyn Monroe. Picador. p. 57. ISBN 0-312-42565-1. 
  4. ^ Gomery, Douglas; Pafort-Overduin, Clara (2011). Movie History: A Survey: Second Edition (2 ed.). Taylor & Francis. p. 246. ISBN 1-136-83525-3. 
  5. ^ Schwarz, Ted (2008). Marilyn Revealed: The Ambitious Life of an American Icon. Taylor Trade Publications. p. 390. ISBN 1-589-79342-0. 
  6. ^ Siegel, Tatiana. The Hollywood Reporter 2007-04-27

Twentieth-Century Fox started production on "The Robe" before it began production on "Millionaire," although production on the latter was completed first. The studio chose to present "The Robe" as its first CinemaScope production in late September or early October 1953 because it saw this film as being more family-friendly and attracting a larger audience to introduce its widescreen process. "The Robe," then, is the first of the CinemaScope films.

This information is provided by the Wikipedia "CinemaScope" article and also by Widescreen Museum and other sources.

External links[edit]