Howard County, Indiana

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Howard County, Indiana
Kokomo-indiana-courthouse.jpg
Howard County courthouse in Kokomo, Indiana
Seal of Howard County, Indiana
Seal
Map of Indiana highlighting Howard County
Location in the state of Indiana
Map of the United States highlighting Indiana
Indiana's location in the U.S.
Founded 1844
Named for Tilghman Howard
Seat Kokomo
Largest city Kokomo
Area
 • Total 293.92 sq mi (761 km2)
 • Land 293.06 sq mi (759 km2)
 • Water 0.86 sq mi (2 km2), 0.29%
Population
 • (2010) 82,752
 • Density 282/sq mi (109.03/km²)
Congressional districts 4th, 5th
Time zone Eastern: UTC-5/-4
Website www.co.howard.in.us
Footnotes: Indiana county number 34

Howard County is one of 92 counties in the U.S. state of Indiana. As of the 2010 census, the population was 82,752.[1] The county seat is Kokomo.[2] Originally named Richardville County, it was rechristened in 1844 to commemorate General Tilghman Ashurst Howard.

Howard County is part of the Kokomo, Indiana Metropolitan Statistical Area.

Geography[edit]

According to the 2010 census, the county has a total area of 293.92 square miles (761.2 km2), of which 293.06 square miles (759.0 km2) (or 99.71%) is land and 0.86 square miles (2.2 km2) (or 0.29%) is water.[3]

Adjacent counties[edit]

History[edit]

This county was organized in 1844. It was first known as Richardville County. Its first name honored Jean Baptiste Richardville, a chief of the Miami.[4] Richardville's name was Pe-che-wa, which translates to “Wildcat”, hence Wildcat Creek.

In 1846, the name was changed to Howard County, in honor of Gen. Tilghman Howard, U.S. Representative from Indiana, who died in 1844.[5][6]

Places to See[edit]

Localities[edit]

City[edit]

Towns[edit]

Census-designated place[edit]

Townships[edit]

Other places[edit]

Climate and weather[edit]

Kokomo, Indiana
Climate chart (explanation)
J F M A M J J A S O N D
 
 
2.5
 
30
15
 
 
2.3
 
36
19
 
 
3.3
 
47
28
 
 
3.7
 
60
38
 
 
4.1
 
71
49
 
 
4
 
81
58
 
 
4.4
 
84
62
 
 
4.2
 
82
60
 
 
3.1
 
76
52
 
 
3
 
64
41
 
 
3.6
 
49
32
 
 
3.2
 
36
21
Average max. and min. temperatures in °F
Precipitation totals in inches
Source: The Weather Channel[7]

In recent years, average temperatures in Kokomo have ranged from a low of 15 °F (−9 °C) in January to a high of 84 °F (29 °C) in July, although a record low of −26 °F (−32 °C) was recorded in January 1985 and a record high of 110 °F (43 °C) was recorded in July 1936. Average monthly precipitation ranged from 2.29 inches (58 mm) in February to 4.37 inches (111 mm) in July.[7]

Transportation[edit]

Airports[edit]

  • Kokomo Municipal Airport

Highways[edit]

Bus Services[edit]

  • City-Line Trolley Serves the city of Kokomo. It is a fixed transportation route that is free to ride and has free wifi.
  • Trailways A service running from Indianapolis through Kokomo, and then to South Bend.
  • Greyhound Lines A nationwide service, the Kokomo stop is at the Marathon gas station on North Reed Road, and Gano Street.

Walking Trails[edit]

  • Walk Of Excellence - serves the city of Kokomo.
  • Industrial Heritage Trail - serves the city of Kokomo.
  • Nickle Plate Trail - ends in northern Howard County in unincorporated community, Cassville.
  • Comet Trail - serves the town of Greentown, and is exactly one mile in length.
  • Historic Downtown Trail - serves the city of Greentown, and you can also learn about Greentown's history while using the trail.

Education[edit]

Colleges and universities[edit]

Public school districts[edit]

Private schools[edit]

  • Redeemer Lutheran School (K-8)
  • Sts. Joan of Arc and St. Patrick Catholic School (K-8)
  • Temple Christian School (K-12)
  • Victory Christian Academy (K-12)
  • Acacia Academy (K-8)

Government[edit]

The county government is a constitutional body, and is granted specific powers by the Constitution of Indiana, and by the Indiana Code.

County Council: The county council is the legislative branch of the county government and controls all the spending and revenue collection in the county. Representatives are elected from county districts. The council members serve four-year terms. They are responsible for setting salaries, the annual budget, and special spending. The council also has limited authority to impose local taxes, in the form of an income and property tax that is subject to state level approval, excise taxes, and service taxes.[8][9]

Board of Commissioners: The executive body of the county is made of a board of commissioners. The commissioners are elected county-wide, in staggered terms, and each serves a four-year term. One of the commissioners, typically the most senior, serves as president. The commissioners are charged with executing the acts legislated by the council, collecting revenue, and managing the day-to-day functions of the county government.[8][9]

Court: The county maintains five courts. Circuit Court, Superior Court I, Superior Court II Superior Court III and Superior Court IV. The judge on the court is elected to a term of four years and must be admitted to practice law in the State of Indiana. In some cases, court decisions can be appealed to the Indiana Court of Appeals.

County Officials: The county has several other elected offices, including sheriff, coroner, auditor, treasurer, recorder, surveyor, and circuit court clerk Each of these elected officers serves a term of four years and oversees a different part of county government. Members elected to county government positions are required to declare party affiliations and to be residents of the county.[9]

Howard County is part of Indiana's 2nd congressional district and Indiana's 5th congressional district; Indiana Senate districts 7 and 21;[10] and Indiana House of Representatives districts 30, 32 and 38.[11]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1850 6,657
1860 12,524 88.1%
1870 15,847 26.5%
1880 19,584 23.6%
1890 26,186 33.7%
1900 28,575 9.1%
1910 33,177 16.1%
1920 43,965 32.5%
1930 46,696 6.2%
1940 47,752 2.3%
1950 54,498 14.1%
1960 69,509 27.5%
1970 83,198 19.7%
1980 86,896 4.4%
1990 80,827 −7.0%
2000 84,964 5.1%
2010 82,752 −2.6%
Est. 2013 82,760 0.0%
U.S. Decennial Census[12]
1790-1960[13] 1900-1990[14]
1990-2000[15] 2010-2013[1]

As of the census[16] of 2000, there were 84,964 people, 34,800 households, and 23,559 families residing in the county. The population density was 290 people per square mile (112/km²). There were 37,604 housing units at an average density of 128 per square mile (50/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 89.73% White, 6.55% Black or African American, 0.36% Native American, 1.01% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 0.85% from other races, and 1.49% from two or more races. 2.01% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 24.6% were of American, 20.9% German, 9.7% English and 8.0% Irish ancestry according to Census 2000.

There were 34,800 households out of which 31.30% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 52.70% were married couples living together, 11.50% had a female householder with no husband present, and 32.30% were non-families. 28.20% of all households were made up of individuals and 10.30% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.41 and the average family size was 2.95.

In the county the population was spread out with 25.60% under the age of 18, 8.30% from 18 to 24, 28.20% from 25 to 44, 24.60% from 45 to 64, and 13.30% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37 years. For every 100 females there were 93.70 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 90.00 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $43,487, and the median income for a family was $53,051. Males had a median income of $43,767 versus $26,566 for females. The per capita income for the county was $22,049. About 6.60% of families and 9.50% of the population were below the poverty line, including 13.20% of those under age 18 and 6.50% of those age 65 or over.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved February 22, 2014. 
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  3. ^ "Census 2010 U.S. Gazetteer Files: Counties". United States Census. Retrieved 2011-10-10. 
  4. ^ "A Look Back as We Move Forward". The Kokomo Tribune. March 28, 1999. p. 58. Retrieved August 16, 2014 – via Newspapers.com.  open access publication - free to read
  5. ^ De Witt Clinton Goodrich & Charles Richard Tuttle (1875). An Illustrated History of the State of Indiana. Indiana: R. S. Peale & co. p. 577. 
  6. ^ Gannett, Henry (1905). The Origin of Certain Place Names in the United States. Govt. Print. Off. p. 162. 
  7. ^ a b "Monthly Averages for Kokomo, Indiana". The Weather Channel. Retrieved 2011-01-27. 
  8. ^ a b Indiana Code. "Title 36, Article 2, Section 3". IN.gov. Retrieved 2008-09-16. 
  9. ^ a b c Indiana Code. "Title 2, Article 10, Section 2" (PDF). IN.gov. Retrieved 2008-09-16. 
  10. ^ "Indiana Senate Districts". State of Indiana. Retrieved 2011-07-14. 
  11. ^ "Indiana House Districts". State of Indiana. Retrieved 2011-07-14. 
  12. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 10, 2014. 
  13. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved July 10, 2014. 
  14. ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 10, 2014. 
  15. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 10, 2014. 
  16. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 40°29′N 86°07′W / 40.48°N 86.12°W / 40.48; -86.12