Howard County, Missouri
|Howard County, Missouri|
Howard County Courthouse in Fayette
Location in the state of Missouri
Missouri's location in the U.S.
|Founded||January 23, 1816|
|Named for||Benjamin Howard|
|• Total||472 sq mi (1,222 km2)|
|• Land||464 sq mi (1,202 km2)|
|• Water||7.7 sq mi (20 km2), 1.6%|
|Time zone||Central: UTC-6/-5|
Howard County is a county located in the U.S. state of Missouri, with its southern border made by the Missouri River. As of the 2010 census, the population was 10,144. Its county seat is Fayette. The county was organized January 23, 1816 and named for Benjamin Howard, the first Governor of the Missouri Territory.
- 1 History
- 2 Geography
- 3 Demographics
- 4 Education
- 5 Politics
- 6 Cities and towns
- 7 Notable people
- 8 See also
- 9 References
- 10 Further reading
- 11 External links
On the north bank of the Missouri River, Howard County was settled primarily by migrants from the Upper Southern states of Kentucky, Tennessee and Virginia. They brought slaves and slaveholding traditions with them, and quickly started cultivating commodity crops similar to those in Middle Tennessee and Kentucky: hemp and tobacco. Howard was one of several counties settled mostly by Southerners along the Missouri River in the central part of the state. Given their culture and traditions, this area became known as Little Dixie and Howard County was at its heart. Following the 1848 revolutions in Germany, many German immigrants also settled in this area.
Due to the reliance on slave labor, in 1860 slaves made up 25 percent or more of the county's population. Howard County residents generally supported the Confederacy during the Civil War. After Reconstruction, whites imposed Jim Crow laws and segregation. There were five lynchings between 1891 and 1914: all the victims—Olli Truxton, Frank Embree, Thomas Hayden, Arthur McNeal, and Dallas Shields—were African-American men. The rate of lynchings of blacks was higher in the Deep South, during what is considered the nadir of United States race relations.
The area continued to be developed for agriculture and is largely rural. The county has lost population since reaching its peak in 1900. Mechanization of agriculture meant that fewer farm laborers were needed, and people left the area for urban jobs. In 2000 the African-American proportion of the population had declined to less than 7 percent. Nearly one-third of residents in this census identified as having German ancestry.
- Chariton County (northwest)
- Randolph County (northeast)
- Boone County (southeast)
- Cooper County (south)
- Saline County (west)
National protected area
|U.S. Decennial Census
As of the census of 2000, there were 10,212 people, 3,836 households, and 2,631 families residing in the county. The population density was 22 people per square mile (8/km²). There were 4,346 housing units at an average density of 9 per square mile (4/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 91.13% White, 6.84% Black or African American, 0.33% Native American, 0.12% Asian, 0.08% Pacific Islander, 0.40% from other races, and 1.10% from two or more races. Approximately 0.86% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 32.4% were of German, 16.1% American, 8.9% English and 8.3% Irish ancestry according to Census 2000.
There were 3,836 households out of which 31.50% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 55.30% were married couples living together, 9.50% had a female householder with no husband present, and 31.40% were non-families. 27.30% of all households were made up of individuals and 13.30% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.46 and the average family size was 2.98.
In the county the population was spread out with 24.00% under the age of 18, 13.30% from 18 to 24, 25.20% from 25 to 44, 21.30% from 45 to 64, and 16.10% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37 years. For every 100 females there were 94.00 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 94.40 males.
The median income for a household in the county was $31,614, and the median income for a family was $40,167. Males had a median income of $26,369 versus $19,950 for females. The per capita income for the county was $15,198. About 7.50% of families and 11.60% of the population were below the poverty line, including 14.70% of those under age 18 and 14.40% of those age 65 or over.
- Fayette R-III School District – Fayette
- Laurence J. Daly Elementary School (PK-05)
- William N. Clark Middle School (06-08)
- Fayette High School (09-12)
- Glasgow School District – Glasgow
- Howard County Elementary School (PK-06)
- Glasgow High School (07-12)
- New Franklin R-I School District – New Franklin
- New Franklin Elementary School (PK-05)
- New Franklin Middle/High School (06-12)
- St. Mary’s Catholic School – Glasgow (K-08) – Roman Catholic
- Grace & Glory Christian Academy – New Franklin (K-12) – Baptist
- Central Methodist University – Fayette – A private, four-year Methodist university.
|This section does not cite any references or sources. (June 2014)|
The Democratic Party predominantly controls politics at the local level in Howard County. Democrats hold all but two of the elected positions in the county.
|Howard County, Missouri|
|Elected countywide officials|
|Assessor||John (Woody) McCutcheon||Democratic|
|Circuit Clerk||Charles J. Flaspohler||Democratic|
|County Clerk||Kathyrne Harper||Republican|
|Prosecuting Attorney||Deborah Riekhof||Republican|
|Public Administrator||Lisa Asbury||Democratic|
|Recorder||Charles J. Flaspohler||Democratic|
|2008||48.69% 2,358||49.08% 2,377||2.33% 108|
|2004||52.46% 2,578||46.34% 2,277||1.20% 59|
|2000||44.96% 2,029||52.12% 2,352||2.92% 132|
|1996||33.90% 1,436||63.53% 2,691||2.57% 109|
|Missouri House of Representatives – District 9 – Howard County (2010)|
|Missouri Senate - District 21 – Howard County (2008)|
|U.S. House of Representatives – Missouri’s 6th Congressional District – Howard County (2010)|
|2008||55.78% 2,708||41.94% 2,036||2.28% 111|
|2004||59.24% 2,915||40.07% 1,972||0.69% 34|
|2000||53.50% 2,414||43.09% 1,944||3.41% 154|
|1996||36.76% 1,545||47.92% 2,014||15.32% 644|
Missouri Presidential Preference Primary (2008)
- Former U.S. Senator Hillary Rodham Clinton (D-New York) received more votes, a total of 685, than any candidate from either party in Howard County during the 2008 presidential primary.
|Howard County, Missouri|
|2008 Republican primary in Missouri|
|John McCain||283 (28.44%)|
|Mike Huckabee||328 (32.96%)|
|Mitt Romney||319 (32.06%)|
|Ron Paul||52 (5.23%)|
|Howard County, Missouri|
|2008 Democratic primary in Missouri|
|Hillary Rodham Clinton||685 (48.38%)|
|Barack Obama||660 (46.61%)|
|John Edwards (withdrawn)||50 (3.53%)|
Cities and towns
- Frank P. Briggs, former United States Senator and Assistant U.S. Secretary of the Interior.
- Sara Evans - American country music singer.
- "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved September 9, 2013.
- "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07.
- Eaton, David Wolfe (1916). How Missouri Counties, Towns and Streams Were Named. The State Historical Society of Missouri. p. 174.
- The Story of Little Dixie, Missouri, Missouri Division, Sons of Confederate Veterans, accessed 3 June 2008
- T. J. Stiles, Jesse James: The Last Rebel of the Civil War, New York: Vintage Books, 2003, pp.10-11
- NAACP (1919). Thirty Years of Lynching in the United States, 1889—1918. NAACP. pp. 80–81.
- "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. Retrieved November 16, 2014.
- "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved November 16, 2014.
- "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved November 16, 2014.
- "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved November 16, 2014.
- "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. Retrieved November 16, 2014.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- History of Howard and Chariton Counties, Missouri (1883) full text
- Digitized 1930 Plat Book of Howard County from University of Missouri Division of Special Collections, Archives, and Rare Books
||Chariton County||Randolph County|
|Cooper County||Boone County|