November 30, 1948 |
Howard Dully (born November 30, 1948) is one of the youngest recipients of the transorbital lobotomy, a procedure performed on him when he was 12 years old. Dully received international attention in 2005, following the broadcasting of his story on National Public Radio. Subsequently, in 2007, he published a critically well-received memoir, My Lobotomy, a story of the hardships of his lobotomy, co-authored by Charles Fleming.
Dully was born on November 30, 1948, in Oakland, California, the eldest son of Rodney and June Louise Pierce Dully. Following the death of his mother from cancer in 1954, Dully's father married single mother Shirley Lucille Hardin in 1955.
Neurologist Walter Freeman had diagnosed Dully as suffering from childhood schizophrenia since age 4, although numerous other medical and psychiatric professionals who had seen Dully did not detect a psychiatric disorder. In 1960, at 12 years of age, Dully was submitted by his father and stepmother for a trans-orbital lobotomy, performed by Dr. Freeman. During the procedure, a long, sharp instrument called a leucotome was inserted through each of Dully's eye sockets 7 cm (2.75 inches) into his brain.
Dully took decades to recover from the surgery to the point where he could function in society;[vague] he was institutionalized for years as a juvenile (in Agnews State Hospital as a minor), transferred to Rancho Linda School in San Jose, California, a school for children with behavior problems, incarcerated, and was eventually homeless and an alcoholic. After becoming sober and getting a college degree in computer information systems, he became a California state certified behind-the-wheel instructor for a school bus company in San Jose, California.
In his 50s, with the assistance of National Public Radio producer David Isay, Dully started to research what had happened to him as a child following his father's illness. By this time, both his stepmother and Dr. Freeman were dead, and due to the after effects of the surgery, he was unable to rely on his own memories. He traveled the country with Isay and Piya Kochhar, speaking with members of his family, relatives of other lobotomy patients, and relatives of Dr. Freeman, and also gaining access to Freeman's archives. Dully first related his story on a National Public Radio broadcast in 2005, prior to co-authoring a memoir published in 2007.
National Public Radio
Isay broadcast Dully's search as a Sound Portraits documentary on NPR on November 16, 2005. According to USA Today, the documentary, which The New York Times describes as "celebrated", "created a firestorm". The broadcast, aired on All Things Considered, drew more listener response than any other program that had ever aired, and by May 2006, the Crown Publishing Group had negotiated worldwide rights to publish Dully's story in book form.
|Author||Howard Dully and Charles Fleming|
In 2007, Dully published My Lobotomy, a memoir co-authored by Charles Fleming. The memoir relates Dully's experiences as a child, the effect of the procedure on his life, his efforts as an adult to discover why the medically unnecessary procedure was performed on him and the effect of the radio broadcast on his life.
The book was critically well received. The New York Times described it as "harrowing", "one of the saddest stories you'll ever read." USA Today called it "at once horrifying and inspiring". The San Francisco Chronicle critiqued it as "a gruesome but compulsively readable tale, ultimately redemptive". In the United Kingdom, The Observer characterized the book as "a forceful account of his survival" that "sheds light on the man who subjected him to one of the most brutal surgical procedures in medical history". The Times described it as "uncomfortable reading", noting that "[i]t is, given the circumstances, astonishingly free of rancour."
- Howard Dully, My Lobotomy, Crown. ISBN 0-307-38126-9
- Howard Dully/Charles Fleming, "Messing With My Head", Vermillion, 2007. ISBN 0-09-192213-5
- William, Grimes (2007-09-14). "Spikes in the Brain, and a Search for Answers". The New York Times. Retrieved 2008-09-01.
- Donahue, Deirdre (2007-09-28). "Four memoirs of family ties—and family lies". USA Today. Retrieved 2008-09-01.
- Staff. (2006-05-15) "No-brainer. Crown Books Corp. acquires rights to Howard Dully's book." Publishers Weekly.
- Guthmann, Edward (2007-09-26). "His lobotomy, his recovery, in his words". San Francisco Chronicle (sfgate). Retrieved 2008-09-01.
- Day, Elizabeth (2008-01-13). "He was bad, so they put an ice pick in his brain...". London: The Observer. Retrieved 2008-09-02.
- Hawkes, Nigel (2008-03-22). "Nigel Hawkes reviews two new books about the brain". London: The Times. Retrieved 2009-09-02.