Howard Baker, Sr.

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Howard Henry Baker, Sr.
Howard Baker, Sr..jpg
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Tennessee's 2nd district
In office
January 3, 1951 – January 7, 1964
Preceded by John Jennings, Jr.
Succeeded by Irene Bailey Baker
Personal details
Born January 12, 1902 (1902-01-12)
Somerset, Kentucky
Died January 7, 1964 (1964-01-08) (aged 61)
Knoxville, Tennessee
Citizenship  United States
Political party Republican
Spouse(s) Dora Ann Ladd Baker
Edith Irene Bailey Baker
Children Howard Baker, Jr.
Alma mater University of Tennessee
Profession Attorney, politician, newspaper publisher
Religion Presbyterian

Howard Henry Baker, Sr. (January 12, 1902 – January 7, 1964) was an American politician and a United States Representative from Tennessee.

Biography[edit]

Baker was born in Somerset, Kentucky in 1902 to James F. Baker, an attorney and newspaper publisher in Huntsville, Tennessee, and Kentucky native Helen Keen Baker.[1] The family moved to Huntsville, Tennessee, in 1909, and Baker spent most of his childhood in Scott County. The family moved to Knoxville in 1918, the same year that Baker entered the university there. He graduated from the University of Tennessee in 1922[1] and its law school in 1924, and was admitted to the Tennessee bar in 1923. Baker is an alumnus of the Epsilon Eta Chapter of Sigma Nu Fraternity. After law school, Baker married Dora Ladd and returned to Huntsville to become a partner in his father's practice. Their son, Howard Baker, Jr., was born in Huntsville in 1925.[1] Dora passed away when Howard Jr. was a child.[2] On September 15, 1935, he married Edith Irene Bailey.

Career[edit]

For a period, Baker served as publisher of a weekly newspaper in Huntsville, Tennessee, the county seat of Scott County. In 1928, he was elected to a term in the Tennessee House of Representatives, and served on the Scott County Board of Education from 1931 to 1932. In 1934, he became district attorney general of the former 19th Judicial Circuit, serving until 1938 in that capacity.

In 1938, Baker made an unsuccessful bid for governor of Tennessee, losing in the general election to Democrat Prentice Cooper. In 1940, he ran unsuccessfully for the United States Senate, losing to Democrat Kenneth McKellar. He was a delegate to the Republican National Convention in 1940, 1948, 1952, and 1956. He was vice president and general counsel to the former Oneida and Western Railroad in 1945, and was also on the board of directors of the First National Bank of Oneida.[3]

Baker was elected to the 82nd and to the six succeeding Congresses and served from January 3, 1951, until his death.[4] He was succeeded in office by his widow Irene,[1] who completed his final term as a caretaker and sought no further election.[1]

Death[edit]

Baker died, following a heart attack, at Fort Sanders Presbyterian Hospital, Knoxville, Knox County, Tenn., January 7, 1964 (age 61 years, 360 days). He is interred at Sherwood Memorial Gardens, Alcoa, Tennessee.[5] Tennessee State Route 63 is named Congressman Howard H. Baker Highway in his honor.[6]

Baker is probably best remembered as the father of Howard H. Baker, Jr., a three-term U.S. senator from Tennessee and United States Senate Majority Leader who later served as White House Chief of Staff under Ronald Reagan and was the former United States Ambassador to Japan.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e "Howard H. Baker Sr. (1902-1964)". Tennessee Encyclopedia of History and Culture. Retrieved 4 July 2014. 
  2. ^ "Senator Howard H. Baker Jr. (1925–2014)". University of Tennessee. Retrieved 5 July 2014. 
  3. ^ "Howard Baker, Sr.". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Retrieved 14 May 2013. 
  4. ^ "Howard Baker, Sr.". Govtrack US Congress. Retrieved 14 May 2013. 
  5. ^ "Howard Baker, Sr.". The Political Graveyard. Retrieved 14 May 2013. 
  6. ^ "95 Years – A Chronicle of First National Bank". FNB Chronicles. Retrieved 4 July 2014. 

External links[edit]


United States House of Representatives
Preceded by
John Jennings, Jr.
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Tennessee's 2nd congressional district

1951–1964
Succeeded by
Irene Bailey Baker