Howard Oliver Sackler (December 19, 1929 – October 12, 1982), was an American screenwriter and playwright who is best known for writing The Great White Hope (play: 1967; film: 1970). The Great White Hope enjoyed both a successful run on Broadway and, as a film adaptation, in movie theaters. James Earl Jones and Jane Alexander both starred in the original Arena Stage production of the play in Washington, DC, then brought their roles to Broadway and later to the film version. Both Jones and Alexander received Academy Award nominations for their work in the movie.
Born in New York City and a graduate of Brooklyn College, Sackler was the recipient of many awards and prestigious grants including both a Pulitzer Prize (1969), a Tony Award for Drama (1969), and a New York Drama Critics Circle Award for The Great White Hope. Prior to this, Sackler won the Maxwell Anderson Award (1954) and Chicago's Sergel Award. In addition, he was the recipient of grants from both the Rockefeller Foundation and the Littauer Foundation. The original production for The Great White Hope, produced at Arena Stage in Washington, DC, was substantially funded by two grants from the National Endowment for the Arts. The Broadway production, however, was funded, at least in part, by Sackler himself using $225,000 from his screenwriting proceeds for the film version.
Sackler's work encompassed many other films and plays including the play Goodbye Fidel in 1980 and the films Jaws 2 in 1978 and Stanley Kubrick's Fear and Desire in 1953. His filmography also includes Gray Lady Down (1978) and Saint Jack (1979), which he co-wrote with Paul Theroux for Peter Bogdanovich.  According to the Internet Movie Database, Sackler wrote Quint's "Indianapolis" monologue, about the sinking of the USS Indianapolis during World War II, for Jaws (1975), although this is apparently uncredited.
Sackler's plays have been produced throughout the United States, Europe, and South America. He also directed over 200 recordings for Caedmon Audio, various theater productions, and the LP version of an NBC television special entitled Shakespeare: Soul of an Age. His Caedmon productions included a vivid 1968 recording of John Dos Passos' 42nd Parallel.
On October 12, 1982, Sackler was found dead in his studio in Ibiza, Spain, where he lived for the better part of the year. According to his New York Times obituary, there was no evidence of foul play, although an autopsy was to be performed. Sackler, survived by his wife and two children, was working on Klondike, a farcical play about the Gold Rush, when he died.
- Sackler, flyleaf
- "WorldCat Library Catalogue". Online Computer Library Center. Retrieved 22 August 2014.
- NYT (The New York Times). Lawson, Carol. "Howard Sackler, 52, Playwright Who Won Pulitzer Prize, Dead," October 15, 1982. accessed September 8, 2006. (NOTE: payment required for full article, if retrieved online)
- NEA (National Endowment for the Arts). "Arena Stage Takes a Risk on The Great White Hope", accessed September 8, 2006.
- Sackler, Howard. The Great White Hope. The Dial Press, Inc.; New York, NY, 1968.
- Whysanity.net accessed November 10, 2006; Indianapolis monologue from Jaws (text).