Howe Bridge

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Coordinates: 53°31′12″N 2°30′17″W / 53.5201°N 2.5047°W / 53.5201; -2.5047

Howe Bridge
HoweBridge.jpg
Howe Bridge village
Howe Bridge is located in Greater Manchester
Howe Bridge
Howe Bridge
 Howe Bridge shown within Greater Manchester
OS grid reference SD666027
    - London  170 mi (274 km) SE 
Metropolitan borough Wigan
Metropolitan county Greater Manchester
Region North West
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town MANCHESTER
Postcode district M46
Dialling code 01942
Police Greater Manchester
Fire Greater Manchester
Ambulance North West
EU Parliament North West England
UK Parliament Leigh
List of places
UK
England
Greater Manchester

Howe Bridge is a suburb of Atherton, Greater Manchester, England. Historically within Lancashire, it is situated to the south west of Atherton town centre on the B5215, the old turnpike road from Bolton to Leigh.[1] The settlement was built as a model village by the owners of Atherton Collieries.

History[edit]

John Fletcher of Bolton, a member of a family with mining interests, came to Atherton in 1768 to sink two shafts. Ralph Fletcher was part-owner in the Ladyshore Colliery. The pits developed and Fletcher, Burrows and Company's Atherton Collieries was formed in 1870, owning all the coalmines in the town. Howe Bridge Colliery employed 460 men in 1954.[2] In 1908 the Howe Bridge Mines Rescue Station opened on Lovers Lane. It was the first mines rescue station in Lancashire.[3]

Transport[edit]

The station at Howe Bridge was originally named Chowbent and, in common with other stations on the Manchester to Wigan Line, was opened by the London and North Western Railway on 1 September 1864.

South Lancashire Tramways built a tram shed, power station and offices in 1901 on the north side of Leigh Road. It was taken over by Lancashire United Transport who built a bus depot on the south side Leigh Road on the site of the closed Howe Bridge Colliery pithead.[2]

Religion[edit]

A school and mission opened at Howe Bridge in the Atherton parish in 1869. St Michael and All Angels Church was built in 1877 as a result of the late Victorian urbanisation which occurred when the small settlement on the road from Atherton to Leigh became a pit village when deep mining began at Howe Bridge Colliery. The church was designed by Paley and Austin of Lancaster, and the £7,000 cost was given by John Fletcher.[4]

Landmarks[edit]

Between 1873 and 1875, Fletcher, Burrows and Company, owners of the local collieries, built a model village on Leigh Road, comprising terraced cottages, shops, Atherton Collieries Village Club and a bath house for their employees. This Victorian village on either side of Leigh Road,[5][6] together with St Michael and All Angel's Church,[7] is a conservation area.[8]


References[edit]

Notes

  1. ^ Lunn 1971, p. 186
  2. ^ a b Ashmore 1982, p. 96
  3. ^ The First Rescue Stations In The Country, Healey Hero, retrieved 2011-02-19 
  4. ^ Lunn 1971, p. 189
  5. ^ Leigh Rd Howe Bridge south side, Images of England, retrieved 2010-10-13 
  6. ^ Leigh Rd Howe Bridge north side, Images of England, retrieved 2010-10-13 
  7. ^ St Michael and all Angels, Images of England, retrieved 22010-10-13 
  8. ^ Howe Bridge Conservation Area, Wigan MBC, retrieved 2010-10-13 

Bibliography

  • Ashmore, Owen (1982), The Industrial archaeology of North-west England, Manchester University Press, ISBN 0-7190-0820-4 
  • Lunn, John (1971), Atherton Lancashire, A manorial social and industrial history, Atherton UDC