Howell Mountain AVA
A red blend from Howell Mountain
|Type||American Viticultural Area|
|Year established||1983, amended 1987|
|Part of||Napa Valley AVA|
|Other regions in Napa Valley AVA||Atlas Peak AVA, Calistoga AVA, Chiles Valley AVA, Diamond Mountain District AVA, Los Carneros AVA, Mt. Veeder AVA, Coombsville AVA, Oak Knoll District of Napa Valley AVA, Oakville AVA, Rutherford AVA, Spring Mountain District AVA, St. Helena AVA, Stags Leap District AVA, Wild Horse Valley AVA, Yountville AVA|
|Total area||14,000 acres (57 km2)|
|Size of planted vineyards||600 acres (2 km2)|
|Varietals produced||Cabernet Franc, Cabernet Sauvignon, Chardonnay, Grenache, Malbec, Merlot, Petit Verdot, Petite Sirah, Sauvignon blanc, Zinfandel|
The Howell Mountain AVA is an American Viticultural Area located within Napa Valley AVA of California. The AVA is located in the Howell Mountains within the Vaca Range on the northeast side of Napa Valley around the town of Angwin, and overlooks the town of St. Helena, California. The boundaries of the AVA are dictated by vineyard land located at elevations at least 1,400 feet (430 m). Prior to Prohibition in the United States, the region was while known for its Zinfandel but in the mid to late 20th century Cabernet Sauvignon has become the dominant grape variety.
Designated an AVA in 1983 due to research predominantly done by Bill Smith formally of La Jota and now W. H. Smith Wines, Howell Mountain was the first sub-appellation within Napa Valley AVA. Most vineyards in the Howell Mountain AVA are planted between 1,400 feet (430 m) and 2,200 feet (670 m) above sea level, well above the elevations in Napa Valley that are most affected by the cool fog and winds from San Pablo Bay. The mountain does get cool breezes directly from the Pacific Ocean, and the relatively high elevations result in a cooler climate than on the valley floor. The soil in the appellation is volcanic with excellent drainage.
- Code of Federal Regulations. "§ 9.94 Howell Mountain." Title 27: Alcohol, Tobacco and Firearms; Part 9 — American Viticultural Areas; Subpart C — Approved American Viticultural Areas. Retrieved Nov. 5, 2010.
- Appellation America (2007). "Howell Mountain (AVA): Appellation Description". Retrieved Oct. 31, 2007.
- J. Robinson (ed) The Oxford Companion to Wine Third Edition pgs 347 & 469-470 Oxford University Press 2006 ISBN 0-19-860990-6
- "Who's Who on Howell Mountain". Howell Mountain Vintners & Growers Association. Retrieved Nov 5, 2010.
- Howell Mountain Vintners & Growers Association Retrieved Nov. 5, 2010.
- Pitcher, Steve (October 20, 2005). "Growlin' good grapes / Howell Mountain's intense fruit attracts winemakers and bears alike". San Francisco Chronicle. Retrieved Nov 5, 2010.
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