Howell Township, New Jersey

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Howell Township, New Jersey
Township
Township of Howell
Map of Howell Township in Monmouth County. Inset: Location of Monmouth County highlighted in the State of New Jersey.
Map of Howell Township in Monmouth County. Inset: Location of Monmouth County highlighted in the State of New Jersey.
Census Bureau map of Howell Township, New Jersey
Census Bureau map of Howell Township, New Jersey
Coordinates: 40°10′55″N 74°11′55″W / 40.182051°N 74.19852°W / 40.182051; -74.19852Coordinates: 40°10′55″N 74°11′55″W / 40.182051°N 74.19852°W / 40.182051; -74.19852[1][2]
Country United States
State New Jersey
County Monmouth
Incorporated February 23, 1801
Government[6]
 • Type Faulkner Act (Council-Manager)
 • Mayor William Gotto (term ends December 31, 2015)[3]
 • Manager Helene Schlegel[4]
 • Clerk Penny A. Wollman [5]
Area[1]
 • Total 61.209 sq mi (158.530 km2)
 • Land 60.558 sq mi (156.844 km2)
 • Water 0.651 sq mi (1.686 km2)  1.06%
Area rank 21st of 566 in state
1st of 53 in county[1]
Elevation[7] 98 ft (30 m)
Population (2010 Census)[8][9][10]
 • Total 51,075
 • Estimate (2013)[11] 51,732
 • Rank 32nd of 566 in state
2nd of 53 in county[12]
 • Density 843.4/sq mi (325.6/km2)
 • Density rank 402nd of 566 in state
48th of 53 in county[12]
Time zone Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST) Eastern (EDT) (UTC-4)
ZIP code 07731 - Howell[13]
07727 - Farmingdale[14]
07728 - Freehold[15][16]
Area code(s) 732 and 908[17]
FIPS code 3402533300[1][18][19]
GNIS feature ID 0882113[1][20]
Website www.twp.howell.nj.us

Howell Township is a township in Monmouth County, New Jersey, United States. As of the 2010 United States Census, the township's population was 51,075,[8][9][10] reflecting an increase of 2,172 (+4.4%) from the 48,903 counted in the 2000 Census, which had in turn increased by 9,916 (+25.4%) from the 38,987 counted in the 1990 Census.[21]

Howell Township was incorporated as a township by an Act of the New Jersey Legislature on February 23, 1801, from portions of Shrewsbury Township. Portions of the township were taken to form Brick Township in the newly created Ocean County (February 15, 1850), Wall Township (March 7, 1851) and Farmingdale, (April 8, 1903).[22]

Some scenes for the War of the Worlds 2005 remake were filmed here, and a neighborhood called Ardena Acres was recreated as a set and left standing in Universal Studios Hollywood.[23]

Ramtown (with a 2010 Census population of 6,242[24]) is a census-designated place (CDP) and unincorporated community located within Howell Township.[25][26]

Geography[edit]

Howell Township is located at 40°10′55″N 74°11′55″W / 40.182051°N 74.19852°W / 40.182051; -74.19852 (40.182051,-74.19852). According to the United States Census Bureau, the township had a total area of 61.209 square miles (158.530 km2), of which, 60.558 square miles (156.844 km2) of it was land and 0.651 square miles (1.686 km2) of it (1.06%) was water.[1][2]

Howell was formed from territory taken from Shrewsbury Township under an act of the New Jersey General Assembly passed February 23, 1801.[22] The township, as formed, included in addition to its present area all of what is now Wall Township, Lakewood Township, Brick Township, and all the boroughs along the Atlantic Ocean from Barnegat Inlet of the Shark River Inlet at Belmar.[27]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1810 2,780
1820 3,354 20.6%
1830 4,141 23.5%
1840 4,699 13.5%
1850 4,058 * −13.6%
1860 2,574 * −36.6%
1870 3,371 31.0%
1880 3,374 0.1%
1890 3,018 −10.6%
1900 3,103 2.8%
1910 2,703 * −12.9%
1920 2,549 −5.7%
1930 3,146 23.4%
1940 4,039 28.4%
1950 6,696 65.8%
1960 11,153 66.6%
1970 21,756 95.1%
1980 25,065 15.2%
1990 38,987 55.5%
2000 48,903 25.4%
2010 51,075 4.4%
Est. 2013 51,732 [11][28] 1.3%
Population sources:
1810-1920[29] 1840[30] 1850-1870[31]
1850[32] 1870[33] 1880-1890[34]
1890-1910[35] 1910-1930[36]
1930-1990[37] 2000[38][39] 2010[8][9][10]
* = Lost territory in previous decade.[22]

Most common ancestries in Howell Township are Italian: 23.8%, Irish: 18.7%, German: 12.7%, Other groups: 11.3%, Polish: 7.7%, English: 4.9% and Russian: 3.0%.[40]

2010 Census[edit]

At the 2010 United States Census, there were 51,075 people, 17,260 households, and 13,618 families residing in the township. The population density was 843.4 per square mile (325.6 /km2). There were 17,979 housing units at an average density of 296.9 per square mile (114.6 /km2). The racial makeup of the township was 88.30% (45,100) White, 3.65% (1,865) Black or African American, 0.15% (79) Native American, 4.52% (2,309) Asian, 0.05% (23) Pacific Islander, 1.61% (822) from other races, and 1.72% (877) from two or more races. Hispanics or Latinos of any race were 8.13% (4,153) of the population.[8]

There were 17,260 households, of which 39.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 65.4% were married couples living together, 9.7% had a female householder with no husband present, and 21.1% were non-families. 17.3% of all households were made up of individuals, and 7.7% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.95 and the average family size was 3.37.[8]

In the township, 26.3% of the population were under the age of 18, 8.4% from 18 to 24, 24.0% from 25 to 44, 31.2% from 45 to 64, and 10.0% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39.6 years. For every 100 females there were 96.3 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 93.5 males.[8]

The Census Bureau showed that in 2010 median household income was $89,287 and the median family income was $102,015. Males had a median income of $71,499 versus $54,308 for females. The per capita income for the township was $35,489. About 4.5% of families and 5.2% of the population were below the poverty line, including 4.5% of those under age 18 and 8.8% of those age 65 or over.[41]

2000 Census[edit]

As of the 2000 United States Census[18] there were 48,903 people, 16,063 households, and 13,011 families residing in the township. The population density was 802.8 people per square mile (310.0/km²). There were 16,572 housing units at an average density of 272.1 per square mile (105.0/km²). The racial makeup of the township was 89.99% White, 3.56% African American, 0.12% Native American, 3.58% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 1.29% from other races, and 1.45% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 5.34% of the population.[38][39]

The most common first ancestry group cited by Howell residents in the 2000 Census was German (17.7%), English (12.7%), Irish (11.5%), United States or American (9.9%), Polish (6.6%), French (except Basque) (4.0%) and Italian (2.7%).[42]

There were 16,063 households out of which 47.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 69.4% were married couples living together, 8.6% had a female householder with no husband present, and 19.0% were non-families. 15.4% of all households were made up of individuals and 7.1% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 3.04 and the average family size was 3.42.[38][39]

In the township the population was spread out with 30.9% under the age of 18, 6.0% from 18 to 24, 32.8% from 25 to 44, 21.6% from 45 to 64, and 8.8% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females there were 95.3 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 91.7 males.[38][39]

The median income for a household in the township in 2000 was $68,069, and the median income for a family was $74,623. Males had a median income of $55,349 versus $34,722 for females. The per capita income for the township was $26,143. About 3.1% of families and 4.2% of the population were below the poverty line, including 4.2% of those under age 18 and 6.4% of those age 65 or over.[38][39]

Government[edit]

Local government[edit]

Howell Township operates within the Faulkner Act, formally known as the Optional Municipal Charter Law, under the Council-Manager form of municipal government. The township is governed by a mayor and a four-member Township Council who are elected in partisan elections to four-year terms of office on a staggered basis, with either three council seats or one council seat and the mayoral seat up for election in even years. At an annual reorganization meeting held after each election, the council selects a deputy mayor from among its members.[6][43]

As of 2014, members of the Howell Township Council are Mayor William Gotto (R, term on council ends December 31, 2016; term as mayor ends 2014), Deputy Mayor Robert Nicastro (R, term on council and as deputy mayor ends 2014), Edward Guz (R, 2016), Pauline Smith (R, 2014) and Robert Walsh (R, serving an unexpired term ending in November 2013).[44][45][46][47]

Former mayor Robert Walsh was named to fill the seat vacated by William Gotto after Gotto took office as mayor in January 2013. Walsh's appointed portion of the term ends at the November 2013 general election, though Walsh was the only candidate to submit a petition to serve the balance of the term through December 2014.[48]

The Township Manager is Helene Schlegel.[4] The Chief of the Howell Police Department is Ronald T. Carter.[49]

Federal, state and county representation[edit]

Howell Township is located in the 4th Congressional District[50] and is part of New Jersey's 30th state legislative district.[9][51][52]

New Jersey's Fourth Congressional District is represented by Christopher Smith (R).[53] New Jersey is represented in the United States Senate by Cory Booker (D, Newark; took office on October 31, 2013, after winning a special election to fill the seat of Frank Lautenberg)[54][55] and Bob Menendez (D, Paramus).[56][57]

The 30th District of the New Jersey Legislature is represented in the State Senate by Robert Singer (R, Lakewood Township) and in the General Assembly by Sean T. Kean (R, Wall Township) and Dave Rible (R, Wall Township).[58] The Governor of New Jersey is Chris Christie (R, Mendham Township).[59] The Lieutenant Governor of New Jersey is Kim Guadagno (R, Monmouth Beach).[60]

Monmouth County is governed by a Board of Chosen Freeholders consisting of five members who are elected at-large to serve three year terms of office on a staggered basis, with either one or two seats up for election each year as part of the November general election. At an annual reorganization meeting held in the beginning of January, the board selects one of its members to serve as Director and another as Deputy Director.[61] As of 2014, Monmouth County's Freeholders are Freeholder Director Lillian G. Burry (R, Colts Neck Township; term ends December 31, 2014),[62] Freeholder Deputy Director Gary J. Rich, Sr. (R, Spring Lake; 2014),[63] Thomas A. Arnone (R, Neptune City; 2016),[64] John P. Curley (R, Middletown Township; 2015)[65] and Serena DiMaso (R, Holmdel Township; 2016).[66][67] Constitutional officers elected on a countywide basis are County Clerk M. Claire French (Wall Township),[68] Sheriff Shaun Golden (Farmingdale)[69] and Surrogate Rosemarie D. Peters (Middletown Township).[70]

Politics[edit]

As of March 23, 2011, there were a total of 33,176 registered voters in Howell Township, of which 6,622 (20.0%) were registered as Democrats, 7,744 (23.3%) were registered as Republicans and 18,798 (56.7%) were registered as Unaffiliated. There were 12 voters registered to other parties.[71]

In the 2008 presidential election, Republican John McCain received 54.8% of the vote here (13,854 cast), ahead of Democrat Barack Obama with 42.7% (10,790 votes) and other candidates with 1.2% (300 votes), among the 25,278 ballots cast by the township's 34,490 registered voters, for a turnout of 73.3%.[72] In the 2004 presidential election, Republican George W. Bush received 59.0% of the vote here (13,579 ballots cast), outpolling Democrat John Kerry with 39.1% (8,990 votes) and other candidates with 0.7% (219 votes), among the 23,015 ballots cast by the township's 31,549 registered voters, for a turnout percentage of 73.0.[73]

In the 2009 gubernatorial election, Republican Chris Christie received 68.7% of the vote here (11,187 ballots cast), ahead of Democrat Jon Corzine with 24.7% (4,023 votes), Independent Chris Daggett with 5.4% (886 votes) and other candidates with 0.8% (127 votes), among the 16,287 ballots cast by the township's 33,461 registered voters, yielding a 48.7% turnout.[74]

Education[edit]

The Howell Township Public Schools serve students in kindergarten through eighth grade. As of the 2011-12 school year, the district's 12 schools had an enrollment of 6,522 students and 518.0 classroom teachers (on an FTE basis), for a student–teacher ratio of 12.59:1.[75] Schools in the district (with 2011-12 enrollment data from the National Center for Education Statistics[76]) are Adelphia School[77] (grades K-5; 377 students), Aldrich School[78] (K-5; 565), Ardena School[79] (K-5; 435), Greenville School[80] (K-5; 463), Griebling School[81] (K-5; 501), Land O' Pines School[82] (PreK-5; 521), Newbury School[83] (PreK-5; 413), Ramtown School[84] (K-5; 459), Taunton School[85] (K-5; 462), Memorial Middle School[86] (6-8; 668), Middle School North[87] (6-8; 827) and Middle School South[88] (6-8; 831).[89][90]

Students in public school for ninth through twelfth grades attend either Howell High School, Freehold Township High School or Colts Neck High School (depending on home address), as part of the Freehold Regional High School District.[91] The Freehold Regional High School District also serves students from Colts Neck Township, Englishtown, Farmingdale, Freehold Borough, Freehold Township, Manalapan Township and Marlboro.[92] Students from Howell can apply to participate in one of the Freehold Regional Learning Center programs within these six schools. Students from Howell may also apply to attend one of the Monmouth County Vocational School District schools throughout Monmouth County.[93]

Howell is served by Saint Veronica's School, a Catholic School for grades PreK-8, which operates under the auspices of the Roman Catholic Diocese of Trenton.[94]

Monmouth Academy (formerly Lakewood Prep School) was a private, nonsectarian, coeducational day school located in Howell Township, that served 180 students in pre-kindergarten through twelfth grade.[95]

Driving down back roads in Howell

Points of interest[edit]

Transportation[edit]

Roads and highways[edit]

As of 2010, the township had a total of 292.75 miles (471.14 km) of roadways, of which 242.91 miles (390.93 km) were maintained by the municipality, 26.25 miles (42.25 km) by Monmouth County and 23.59 miles (37.96 km) by the New Jersey Department of Transportation.[98]

Motor roads include Route 33 (the Freehold Bypass), U.S. Route 9, and Interstate 195. The Garden State Parkway just misses the township by a tenth of mile, but is accessible at interchanges 98 and 100.

Public transportation[edit]

New Jersey Transit provides bus transportation to the Port Authority Bus Terminal in Midtown Manhattan on the 139 route, to both Jersey City and Newark on the 64 and 67 routes, with local service on the 836 route.[99]

Howell offers taxi services to and from the Belmar train station.

It is also possible to get around by bicycle. Cycleways, including the Edgar Felix Bikeway, connect to Manasquan and the beach, as well as other points of interest.[100]

Notable people[edit]

People who were born in, residents of, or otherwise closely associated with Howell Township include:

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f County Subdivisions: New Jersey - 2010 Census Gazetteer Files, United States Census Bureau. Accessed July 9, 2013.
  2. ^ a b US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990, United States Census Bureau. Accessed September 4, 2014.
  3. ^ 2013 New Jersey Mayors Directory, New Jersey Department of Community Affairs. Accessed May 12, 2013.
  4. ^ a b Township Manager, Howell Township. Accessed July 18, 2012.
  5. ^ Clerks, Howell Township. Accessed July 18, 2012.
  6. ^ a b 2012 New Jersey Legislative District Data Book, Rutgers University Edward J. Bloustein School of Planning and Public Policy, March 2013, p. 135.
  7. ^ U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Township of Howell, Geographic Names Information System. Accessed March 6, 2013.
  8. ^ a b c d e f DP-1 - Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data for Howell township, Monmouth County, New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed February 13, 2012.
  9. ^ a b c d Municipalities Grouped by 2011-2020 Legislative Districts, New Jersey Department of State, p. 13. Accessed January 6, 2013.
  10. ^ a b c Table DP-1. Profile of General Demographic Characteristics: 2010 for Howell township, New Jersey Department of Labor and Workforce Development. Accessed February 13, 2012.
  11. ^ a b PEPANNRES - Annual Estimates of the Resident Population: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2013 - 2013 Population Estimates for New Jersey municipalities, United States Census Bureau. Accessed June 16, 2014.
  12. ^ a b GCT-PH1 Population, Housing Units, Area, and Density: 2010 - State -- County Subdivision from the 2010 Census Summary File 1 for New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed December 4, 2012.
  13. ^ Look Up a ZIP Code for Howell, NJ, United States Postal Service. Accessed July 18, 2012.
  14. ^ Look Up a ZIP Code for Farmingdale, NJ, United States Postal Service. Accessed July 18, 2012.
  15. ^ Look Up a ZIP Code for Freehold, NJ, United States Postal Service. Accessed July 18, 2012.
  16. ^ Well, to begin with, Farmingdale is roughly less than one square mile, and Howell Township is sixty-four square miles, roughly. First of all, our mail, going way back, used to come out of Farmingdale Post Office and was delivered into parts of Howell Township. We had to put our address down as Farmingdale, although we did not live in Farmingdale. And today it stands. This part of Howell gets all of its mail from Farmingdale from south of the Boro boundary line with Howell to the 195 overpass now, eastward to Wall Township and westward to within a mile of Highway 9."
  17. ^ Howell, New Jersey Area Code Information, AreaCodeHelp.com. Accessed August 9, 2011.
  18. ^ a b American FactFinder, United States Census Bureau. Accessed September 4, 2014.
  19. ^ A Cure for the Common Codes: New Jersey, Missouri Census Data Center. Accessed July 18, 2012.
  20. ^ US Board on Geographic Names, United States Geological Survey. Accessed September 4, 2014.
  21. ^ Table 7. Population for the Counties and Municipalities in New Jersey: 1990, 2000 and 2010, New Jersey Department of Labor and Workforce Development, February 2011. Accessed July 18, 2012.
  22. ^ a b c Snyder, John P. The Story of New Jersey's Civil Boundaries: 1606-1968, Bureau of Geology and Topography; Trenton, New Jersey; 1969. p. 180. Accessed February 13, 2012.
  23. ^ O'Sullivan, Eleanor. "MARTIANS AMONG US: HOWELL IS READY FOR ITS CLOSE-UP", Asbury Park Press, May 15, 2005. Accessed March 21, 2012. "Howell residents were delighted to see a big-time movie star and director just before Thanksgiving - Tom Cruise and Steven Spielberg, who were in town shooting scenes for the upcoming release "War of the Worlds."... The Ardena Acres development of Howell and a nearby farm were used by Spielberg in updating Wells' 19th-century story..."
  24. ^ DP-1 - Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data for Ramtown CDP, New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed February 13, 2012.
  25. ^ GCT-PH1 - Population, Housing Units, Area, and Density: 2010 - County -- County Subdivision and Place from the 2010 Census Summary File 1 for Monmouth County, New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed August 5, 2012.
  26. ^ New Jersey: 2010 - Population and Housing Unit Counts - 2010 Census of Population and Housing (CPH-2-32), United States Census Bureau, August 2012. Accessed December 4, 2012.
  27. ^ History, Howell Township. Accessed June 12, 2006.
  28. ^ Census Estimates for New Jersey April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2013, United States Census Bureau. Accessed September 23, 2014.
  29. ^ Compendium of censuses 1726-1905: together with the tabulated returns of 1905, New Jersey Department of State, 1906. Accessed July 11, 2013.
  30. ^ Bowen, Francis. American Almanac and Repository of Useful Knowledge for the Year 1843, p. 231, David H. Williams, 1842. Accessed July 11, 2013.
  31. ^ Raum, John O. The History of New Jersey: From Its Earliest Settlement to the Present Time, Volume 1, p. 250, J. E. Potter and company, 1877. Accessed July 11, 2013. "Howell was formed from Shrewsbury in 1801, and is ten miles long by seven wide. The New Jersey Southern, and Farmingdale and Squan Village Railroads, pass through the township. The central part contains marl pits of excellent quality, among the principal of which is the Squankum marl. The Hominy hills are located in the northern part, but in other respects it is generally level ground New Bargain is a small settlement near the middle of the township. Farmingdale is a place of considerable importance brought into notice through the marl pits located in its vicinity. Howell township contained in 1850, 4,058 inhabitants; in 1860, 2,574; and in 1870, 3,371."
  32. ^ Debow, James Dunwoody Brownson. The Seventh Census of the United States: 1850, p. 140. R. Armstrong, 1853. Accessed July 11, 2013.
  33. ^ Staff. A compendium of the ninth census, 1870, p. 260. United States Census Bureau, 1872. Accessed December 4, 2012.
  34. ^ Porter, Robert Percival. Preliminary Results as Contained in the Eleventh Census Bulletins: Volume III - 51 to 75, p. 99. United States Census Bureau, 1890. Accessed July 18, 2012.
  35. ^ Thirteenth Census of the United States, 1910: Population by Counties and Minor Civil Divisions, 1910, 1900, 1890, United States Census Bureau, p. 335. Accessed May 17, 2012. Population is not listed for 1900.
  36. ^ Fifteenth Census of the United States : 1930 - Population Volume I, United States Census Bureau, p. 717. Accessed May 23, 2012.
  37. ^ New Jersey Resident Population by Municipality: 1930 - 1990, Workforce New Jersey Public Information Network, backed up by the Internet Archive as of May 2, 2009. Accessed February 13, 2012.
  38. ^ a b c d e Census 2000 Profiles of Demographic / Social / Economic / Housing Characteristics for Howell township, Monmouth County, New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed February 13, 2012.
  39. ^ a b c d e DP-1: Profile of General Demographic Characteristics: 2000 - Census 2000 Summary File 1 (SF 1) 100-Percent Data for Howell township, Monmouth County, New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed July 18, 2012.
  40. ^ Analysis of Howell Township, New Jersey, CityMelt.com. Accessed October 14, 2014.
  41. ^ DP03: Selected Economic Characteristics from the 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates for Howell township, Monmouth County, New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed February 13, 2012.
  42. ^ Howell township, Monmouth County, New Jersey, City-Data. Accessed December 19, 2007.
  43. ^ Form of Government, Howell Township. Accessed October 17, 2013.
  44. ^ Township Council, Howell Township. Accessed October 14, 2014.
  45. ^ 2014 Municipal Data Sheet, Howell Township. Accessed October 14, 2014.
  46. ^ Monmouth County General Election Results General Election November 6, 2012, Monmouth County, New Jersey. Accessed October 14, 2014.
  47. ^ Monmouth County General Election Results General Election November 2, 2010, Monmouth County, New Jersey. Accessed October 17, 2013.
  48. ^ Kennelty, Greg. "Walsh to run for Howell council seat", Tri-Town News, April 11, 2013. Accessed October 17, 2013. "Republican William Gotto was elected to a four-year term as mayor. Because Gotto was elected mayor and took office in January, he had to give up the seat he held on the Township Council.Howell Republicans presented the names of three residents to the council, and the members of the governing body chose to appoint Walsh to the council seat Gotto vacated."
  49. ^ Police Administration: Supervisors, Howell Township Police Department. Accessed August 13, 2011.
  50. ^ Plan Components Report, New Jersey Redistricting Commission, December 23, 2011. Accessed January 6, 2013.
  51. ^ 2012 New Jersey Citizen's Guide to Government, p. 59, New Jersey League of Women Voters. Accessed January 6, 2013.
  52. ^ Districts by Number for 2011-2020, New Jersey Legislature. Accessed January 6, 2013.
  53. ^ Directory of Representatives: New Jersey, United States House of Representatives. Accessed January 5, 2012.
  54. ^ Cory A. Booker, United States Senate. Accessed November 5, 2013.
  55. ^ Nutt, Amy Ellis (October 31, 2013). "Booker is officially a U.S. senator after being sworn in". NJ.com/Associated Press. Accessed October 31, 2013.
  56. ^ Biography of Bob Menendez, United States Senate. Accessed November 5, 2013. "He currently lives in North Bergen and has two children, Alicia and Robert."
  57. ^ Senators of the 113th Congress from New Jersey. United States Senate. Accessed November 5, 2013.
  58. ^ Legislative Roster 2012-2013 Session, New Jersey Legislature. Accessed January 11, 2012.
  59. ^ "About the Governor". State of New Jersey. Retrieved 2010-01-21. 
  60. ^ "About the Lieutenant Governor". State of New Jersey. Retrieved 2010-01-21. 
  61. ^ Monmouth County Government, Monmouth County, New Jersey. Accessed February 4, 2014.
  62. ^ Freeholder Lillian G. Burry, Monmouth County, New Jersey. Accessed February 4, 2014.
  63. ^ Freeholder Gary J. Rich Sr., Monmouth County, New Jersey. Accessed February 4, 2014.
  64. ^ Freeholder Director Thomas A. Arnone, Monmouth County, New Jersey. Accessed February 4, 2014.
  65. ^ Freeholder John P. Curley, Monmouth County, New Jersey. Accessed February 4, 2014.
  66. ^ Freeholder Deputy Director Serena DiMaso, Monmouth County, New Jersey. Accessed February 4, 2014.
  67. ^ Freeholder Gary J. Rich Sr., Monmouth County, New Jersey. Accessed February 4, 2014.
  68. ^ About the County Clerk, M. Claire French, Monmouth County, New Jersey. Accessed February 4, 2014.
  69. ^ Sheriff Shaun Golden, Monmouth County Sheriff's Office. Accessed February 4, 2014.
  70. ^ Monmouth County Surrogate, Monmouth County, New Jersey. Accessed February 4, 2014.
  71. ^ Voter Registration Summary - Monmouth, New Jersey Department of State Division of Elections, March 23, 2011. Accessed December 2, 2012.
  72. ^ 2008 Presidential General Election Results: Monmouth County, New Jersey Department of State Division of Elections, December 23, 2008. Accessed December 2, 2012.
  73. ^ 2004 Presidential Election: Monmouth County, New Jersey Department of State Division of Elections, December 13, 2004. Accessed December 2, 2012.
  74. ^ 2009 Governor: Monmouth County, New Jersey Department of State Division of Elections, December 31, 2009. Accessed December 2, 2012.
  75. ^ District information for Howell Township School District, National Center for Education Statistics. Accessed October 14, 2014.
  76. ^ Data for the Howell Township Public Schools, National Center for Education Statistics. Accessed July 31, 2012.
  77. ^ Adelphia School, Howell Township Public Schools. Accessed October 14, 2014.
  78. ^ Aldrich School, Howell Township Public Schools. Accessed October 14, 2014.
  79. ^ Ardena School, Howell Township Public Schools. Accessed October 14, 2014.
  80. ^ Greenville School, Howell Township Public Schools. Accessed October 14, 2014.
  81. ^ Griebling School, Howell Township Public Schools. Accessed October 14, 2014.
  82. ^ Land O' Pines School, Howell Township Public Schools. Accessed October 14, 2014.
  83. ^ Newbury School, Howell Township Public Schools. Accessed October 14, 2014.
  84. ^ Ramtown School, Howell Township Public Schools. Accessed October 14, 2014.
  85. ^ Taunton School, Howell Township Public Schools. Accessed October 14, 2014.
  86. ^ Memorial Middle School, Howell Township Public Schools. Accessed October 14, 2014.
  87. ^ Middle School North, Howell Township Public Schools. Accessed October 14, 2014.
  88. ^ Middle School South, Howell Township Public Schools. Accessed October 14, 2014.
  89. ^ District Location Directory, Howell Township Public Schools. Accessed October 14, 2014.
  90. ^ New Jersey School Directory for the Howell Township Public Schools, New Jersey Department of Education. Accessed October 14, 2014.
  91. ^ A Guide to 2011-2012 FRHSD Attendance Boundary; Which High School Will My Child Attend?, Freehold Regional High School District. Accessed October 14, 2014.
  92. ^ Freehold Regional High School District 2013 Report Card Narrative, New Jersey Department of Education. Accessed October 14, 2014. "Freehold Regional High School District, the largest regional high school District in New Jersey, has six high schools with almost 12,000 students and over 1,500 employees and spans 200 square miles. District members include the townships of Colts Neck, Freehold, Howell, Manalapan, and Marlboro, and the boroughs of Englishtown, Farmingdale, and Freehold."
  93. ^ About the MCVSD, Monmouth County Vocational School District. Accessed August 13, 2011.
  94. ^ School Directory, Roman Catholic Diocese of Trenton. Accessed October 17, 2013.
  95. ^ About Us, Monmouth Academy. Accessed August 13, 2011.
  96. ^ Manasquan Reservoir, Monmouth County, New Jersey Park System. Accessed May 23, 2012.
  97. ^ Church - St. Alexander Nevsky Cathedral, Howell, Art & Architecture of New Jersey, Richard Stockton College of New Jersey. Accessed October 17, 2013. "One of the most impressively decorated cathedrals in New Jersey is St. Alexander Nevsky Cathedral in Howell. St. Alexander’s is in the jurisdiction of ROCOR (the Russian Orthodox Church Outside Russia), led by Metropolitan Laurus. The parish was established in 1936 by Archbishop Vitaly on a piece of land donated by Yulia Martinovna Plavskaya."
  98. ^ Monmouth County Mileage by Municipality and Jurisdiction, New Jersey Department of Transportation, May 2010. Accessed July 18, 2014.
  99. ^ Monmouth County Bus / Rail Connections, New Jersey Transit, backed up by the Internet Archive as of March 17, 2010. Accessed February 13, 2012.
  100. ^ Edgar Felix Memorial Bikeway, Rails-to-Trails Conservancy TrailLink. Accessed October 17, 2013.
  101. ^ Biography, BonnieBernstein.com. Accessed April 26, 2012. "Bernstein was born in Brooklyn, N.Y., and grew up in Howell, N.J. She presently resides in New York City."
  102. ^ Kaplan, Ron. "What’s a nice Jewish girl like you…? Howell’s Bonnie Bernstein tackles Super Bowl XL", New Jersey Jewish News, February 2, 2006. Accessed April 24, 2012. "The Brooklyn-born Bernstein grew up in Howell, where she took to playing sports and writing about them at a young age."
  103. ^ Staff. "John Blewett nabs second straight victory at Wall", Holmdel Independent, July 14, 2004. Accessed October 17, 2013. "John Blewett III of Howell scored his second straight Modified win Saturday night in the NASCAR Dodge Weekly Series 35-lap main event at Wall Township Speedway."
  104. ^ Cichalski, Dan. "A short but sweet history From Renery to Kane to Johnson to Williams, Shore produces some of the nation's finest male soccer stars", Asbury Park Press, December 26, 1999. Accessed April 25, 2012. "Howell's Sandje Ivanchukov was one of the best all-around soccer players in Shore history. The Tampa Bay Rowdies of the NASL made him one of the first high school draft picks in history in the mid-70s."
  105. ^ Staff. "Howell's LaBrocca drafted by MLS' Colorado Rapids", Asbury Park Press, January 13, 2007. Accessed February 13, 2012.
  106. ^ Navarra, Tova. Howell and Farmingdale: A Social and Cultutal History, p. 100. Arcadia Publishing, 1996. ISBN 9780738563763. Accessed October 17, 2013. "Austin Patterson served as a Howell chosen freeholder three times between 1873 and 1884, and Charles Patterson's father was a farmer who drove a horse-drawn marl wagon locally and as far away as Smithburg."
  107. ^ Tom Pelphrey: At a Glance, Soapcentral.com, accessed April 17, 2007. "Tom grew up in Howell, NJ. In his free time, he enjoys reading, Steven Segal movies, and riding his motorcycle."
  108. ^ Oshinsky, Matthew. "Pelphrey moves from 'Guiding Light' to stage production 'My Italy Story'", The Star-Ledger, June 11, 2009. Accessed April 24, 2012. "It's quite a different place from Howell, N.J., where Pelphrey grew up. He was quarterback on the freshman squad at Howell High School -- until torn ligaments ended that."
  109. ^ Williams, Alesha. 'Senior Amy Polumbo is named Miss New Jersey; Pageant neophyte takes Miss N.J. crown; Amy Polumbo, Wagner College senior, to vie for Miss America", Asbury Park Press, June 18, 2007, via Wagner University web site. Accessed December 4, 2012. "Acting and performing are second nature to Amy Polumbo of Howell, but remembering to be herself was the tougher challenge for the 22-year-old crowned the state's newest Miss New Jersey on Saturday."
  110. ^ Mikle, Jean. "Farewell to Vinnie Roslin", Asbury Park Press The Music Room, February 15, 2012. Accessed October 17, 2013. "The Jersey Shore music scene lost yet another of its luminaries last week, when bass player Vinnie Roslin passed away of complications related to heart surgery. Born in 1947, Roslin, who grew up in the Howell and Freehold areas, was a founding member of Steel Mill along with Bruce Springsteen, Vini 'Mad Dog' Lopez and Danny Federici."
  111. ^ Slater, Darryl. "Jets wide receiver Ryan Spadola realizes NFL dream seven years after his father's suicide changed his life", The Star-Ledger, August 31, 2013. Accessed October 17, 2013. "This was a moment Ryan and his father, Donald, always dreamed about – Ryan as an NFL player. And he made the Jets, whose games Donald and Ryan attended together, driving 50 miles north from their home in Howell."
  112. ^ Bass, Howard. "HOWELL'S HITMAN IS HOME * Ex-teammate Art Howe hires former Howell, Brookdale star Denny Walling to move north and become Mets' batting coach", Asbury Park Press, November 27, 2002. Accessed April 24, 2012. "DENNY WALLING, who grew up in Howell and lives in Waynesboro, Va., has been named batting coach of the New York Mets."

External links[edit]