Howrah (Lok Sabha constituency)

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Howrah (Lok Sabha constituency)
Existence 1951-present
Reservation None
Current MP Prasun Banerjee
Party Trinamool Congress
Elected Year 2014
State West Bengal
Total Electors 1,505,099[1]
Assembly Constituencies Bally
Howrah Uttar
Howrah Madhya
Shibpur
Howrah Dakshin
Sankrail (SC)
Panchla

Howrah (Lok Sabha constituency) is one of the 543 parliamentary constituencies in India. The constituency centres on Howrah in West Bengal. All the seven assembly segments of No. 25 Howrah (Lok Sabha constituency) are in Howrah district.

Overview[edit]

The Hindustan Times reported, “Howrah is a 500-year old urban agglomeration on the eastern (western?) bank of the Hooghly river and is best known for unplanned, densely populated habitation, one of the country's biggest rail terminuses and a rusty manufacturing sector, especially iron foundries.”[2]

About the foundry industry The Times of India wrote, “Some have already downed their shutters. Others keep open for three days a week. A cut in wages has been accepted by the workers mostly without even a grumble. The foundry industry of Howrah, once known as the Sheffield of India and one of the largest employers in the state, is now gasping for breath.”[3]

According to The Hindu, Howrah and Sreerampur constituencies have more than 25 % non-Bengali voters with their roots in Rajasthan, Bihar or Uttar Pradesh.[4]

Assembly segments[edit]

As per order of the Delimitation Commission issued in 2006 in respect of the delimitation of constituencies in the West Bengal, parliamentary constituency no. 25 Howrah is composed of the following segments:[5]

Prior to delimitation, Howrah Lok Sabha constituency was composed of the following assembly segments:[6]Bally (Assembly Constituency no. 161), Howrah North(AC 162), Howrah Central (AC 163), Howrah South (AC 164), Shibpur (AC 165), Domjur (AC 166), Sankrail (SC) (AC 169)

Members of Parliament[edit]

Lok Sabha Duration Constituency Name of M.P. Party Affiliation
First 1952-57 Howrah Santosh Kumar Dutta Indian National Congress [7]
Second 1957-62 Mohammed Elias Communist Party of India[8]
Third 1962-67 Mohammed Elias Communist Party of India [9]
Fourth 1967-71 K.K.Chatterjee Indian National Congress[10]
Fifth 1971-77 Samar Mukherjee Communist Party of India (Marxist)[11]
Sixth 1977-80 Samar Mukherjee Communist Party of India (Marxist)[12]
Seventh 1980-84 Samar Mukhrjee Communist Party of India (Marxist)[13]
Eighth 1984-89 Priyaranjan Dasmunsi Indian National Congress[14]
Ninth 1989-91 Susanta Chakraborty Communist Party of India (Marxist) [15]
Tenth 1991-96 Susanta Chakraborty Communist Party of India (Marxist)[16]
Eleventh 1996-98 Priyaranjan Dasmunsi Indian National Congress[17]
Twelfth 1998-99 Bikram Sarkar All India Trinamool Congress[18]
Thirteenth 1999-04 Swadesh Chakraborty Communist Party of India (Marxist)[19]
Fourteenth 2004-09 Swadesh Chakraborty Communist Party of India (Marxist)[20]
Fifteenth 2009-13 Ambica Banerjee All India Trinamool Congress[21]
2013-14 Prasun Banerjee All India Trinamool Congress[22]
Sixteenth 2014-incumbent Prasun Banerjee All India Trinamool Congress[23]

Election results[edit]

General election 2014[edit]

Indian general elections, 2014: Howrah[23]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
AITMC Prasun Banerjee 488461
CPI(M) Sridip Bhattacharya 291505
BJP George Baker 248120
INC Manoj Kumar Pandey 63254
Independent Sonia Das 4441
BSP Shib Chandra Ram 3241
Indian Unity Centre Gobardhan Manna 2680
Independent Dinesh Kumar Sharma 2343
AAP Suraj Narayan Singh 2186
Independent Sanjib Sarkar 2105
Independent Mrityunjay Sarkar 2034
SUCI(C) Soumitra Sengupta 1814
Independent Sajal Das 1572
Gareeb Aadmi Party Mohammad Sirajuddin Sekh 1079
BMP Sukumar Baral 635
Turnout 1,125,399[1] 74.77
AITMC hold Swing


e • d Indian general election, 2014
West Bengal summary
Party Seats won Seat change Vote percentage
Trinamool Congress 34 Increase15 39.3
Communist Party of India (Marxist) 2 Decrease7 22.7
Communist Party of India 0 Decrease2 2.3
Revolutionary Socialist Party 0 Decrease2 2.4
Forward Bloc 0 Decrease2 2.1
Indian National Congress 4 Decrease2 9.6
Bharatiya Janata Party 2 Increase1 16.8
Socialist Unity Centre of India (Communist) 0 Decrease1 0.7

Source: Party-wise trends in General Election to the Lok Sabha 2014
List of successful candidates in General Elections 2009 to the 15th Lok Sabha


By-election 2013[edit]

In 2013, a by-election was necessitated by the death of sitting MP Ambica Banerjee.[24]

By-Election 2013: Howrah[25]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
AITMC Prasun Banerjee 426,387 44.67 -3.33
CPI(M) Sridip Bhattacharya 399,422 41.85 -2.45
INC Sanatan Mukherjee 96,743 10.13 +10.13
Independent Ranjan Paul 8921
Independent Rajesh Prasad 7491
SUCI(C) Gobardhan Manna 2862
Independent Goutam Kumar Mondol 2571
Independent Mrityunjoy Sarkar 2023
Independent Jamal Ahmed 1818
RJSP Ranjita Singh 1688
STPI Sudarshan Manna 1540
Independent Bapi Naskar 1497
Independent Partha Seneti 1418
Turnout 957,381 65.95
AITMC hold Swing

General election 2009[edit]

General Election, 2009: Howrah[21]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
AITMC Ambica Banerjee 3,77,449
CPI(M) Swadesh Chakrabortty 3,40,057
BJP Polly Mukherjee 37,721
SP Bijoy Uppadhya 8,615
Independent Subarna Chakraborty 8,180
BSP Ramavtar Gupta 5,682
Independent Manoj Kumar Paswan 3,710
Independent Sanjay Makal 2,603
Independent Sanatan Bag 2,318
Independent Narad Pandit 1,459
Independent Goutam Gayen 1,423
STPI Sudarshan Manna 1,207
Independent Gaurab Saha 1,206
Independent Abdul Momin Sekh 1,176
Independent Gora Chand Koley 1,000
Turnout 993,958 73.91
AITMC gain from CPI(M) Swing
e • d Indian general election, 2009
West Bengal summary
Party Seats won Seat change Vote percentage
Trinamool Congress 19 Increase18 31.8
Indian National Congress 6 Increase0 13.45
Socialist Unity Centre of India (Communist) 1 Increase1 NA
Communist Party of India (Marxist) 9 Decrease17 33.1
Communist Party of India 2 Decrease1 3.6
Revolutionary Socialist Party 2 Decrease1 3.56
Forward bloc 2 Decrease1 3.04
Bharatiya Janata Party 1 Increase1 6.14

Source: List of successful candidates in General Elections 2009 to the 15th Lok Sabha
Statitical Report on General Elections 2004 to the 14th Lok Sabha
Statewise seats won and vote percentage - Lok Sabha 2009


General elections 1951-2004[edit]

Most of the contests were multi-cornered. However, only winners and runners-up are mentioned below:

Year Winner Runner-up
Candidate Party Candidate Party
1951 Santosh Kumar Dutta Indian National Congress Anil Kumar Sarkar Communist Party of India[7]
1957 Mohammed Elias Communist Party of India Santosh Kumar Dutta Indian National Congress[8]
1962 Mohammed Elias Communist Party of India Krishna Kumar Chatterji Indian National Congress[9]
1967 Krishna Kumar Chatterji Indian National Congress Samar Mukherjee Communist Party of India (Marxist)[10]
1971 Samar Mukherjee Communist Party of India (Marxist) Mrityunjoy Banerjee Indian National Congress[11]
1977 Samar Mukherjee Communist Party of India (Marxist) Nityananda Dey Indian National Congress[12]
1980 Samar Mukherjee Communist Party of India (Marxist) Nityananda Dey Indian National Congress (I)[13]
1984 Priyaranjan Dasmunsi Indian National Congress Samar Mukherjee Communist Party of India (Marxist)[14]
1989 Sushanta Chakarborty Communist Party of India (Marxist) Priyaranjan Dasmunshi Indian National Congress[15]
1991 Sushanta Chakarborty Communist Party of India (Marxist) Priyaranjan Dasmunshi Indian National Congress[16]
1996 Priya Ranjan Dasmunsi Indian National Congress Sushanta Chakarborty Communist Party of India (Marxist)[17]
1998 Bikram Sarkar Trinamool Congress Swadesh Chakraborty Communist Party of India (Marxist)[18]
1999 Swadesh Chakraborty Communist Party of India (Marxist) Kakoli Ghosh Dastidar All India Trinamool Congress[19]
2004 Swadesh Chakraborty Communist Party of India (Marxist) Bikram Sarkar All India Trinamool Congress[20]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Parliamentary Constituency Wise Turnout for General Elections 2014". West Bengal. Election Commission of India. Retrieved 2 June 2014. 
  2. ^ "Trinamul Congress wins Howrah Lok Sabha Polls". Hindustan Times, 5 June 2013. Retrieved 13 June 2014. 
  3. ^ "Sheffield of India dying an untimely death". The Times of India, 20 September 2001. Retrieved 13 June 2014. 
  4. ^ "Non-Bengali voters could prove crucial in final phase". The Hindu, 11 May 2014. Retrieved 13 June 2014. 
  5. ^ "Delimitation Commission Order No. 18". Table B – Extent of Parliamentary Constituencies. Government of West Bengal. Retrieved 2009-05-27. 
  6. ^ "Statistical Report on General Elections, 2004 to the 14th Lok Sabha". Volume III Details For Assembly Segments Of Parliamentary Constituencies. Election Commission of India. Retrieved 2010-10-01. 
  7. ^ a b "General Elections, India, 1951- Constituency Wise Detailed Results". West Bengal. Election Commission. Retrieved 25 May 2014. 
  8. ^ a b "General Elections, India, 1957- Constituency Wise Detailed Results". West Bengal. Election Commission. Retrieved 25 May 2014. 
  9. ^ a b "General Elections, India, 1962- Constituency Wise Detailed Results". West Bengal. Election Commission. Retrieved 25 May 2014. 
  10. ^ a b "General Elections, India, 1967 - Constituency Wise Detailed Results". West Bengal. Election Commission. Retrieved 25 May 2014. 
  11. ^ a b "General Elections, India, 1971 - Constituency Wise Detailed Results". West Bengal. Election Commission. Retrieved 25 May 2014. 
  12. ^ a b "General Elections, 1977 - Constituency Wise Detailed Results". West Bengal. Election Commission of India. Retrieved 25 May 2014. 
  13. ^ a b "General Elections, 1980 - Constituency Wise Detailed Results". West Bengal. Election Commission of India. Retrieved 25 May 2014. 
  14. ^ a b "General Elections, 1984 - Constituency Wise Detailed Results". West Bengal. Election Commission of India. Retrieved 25 May 2014. 
  15. ^ a b "General Elections, 1989 - Constituency Wise Detailed Results". West Bengal. Election Commission of India. Retrieved 25 May 2014. 
  16. ^ a b "General Elections, 1991 - Constituency Wise Detailed Results". West Bengal. Election Commission of India. Retrieved 25 May 2014. 
  17. ^ a b "General Elections, 1996 - Constituency Wise Detailed Results". West Bengal. Election Commission of India. Retrieved 25 May 2014. 
  18. ^ a b "General Elections, 1998 - Constituency Wise Detailed Results". West Bengal. Election Commission of India. Retrieved 25 May 2014. 
  19. ^ a b "General Elections, 1999 - Constituency Wise Detailed Results". West Bengal. Election Commission of India. Retrieved 25 May 2014. 
  20. ^ a b "General Elections, 2004 - Constituency Wise Detailed Results". West Bengal. Election Commission of India. Retrieved 25 May 2014. 
  21. ^ a b "General Elections, 2009 - Constituency Wise Detailed Results". West Bengal. Election Commission of India. Retrieved 25 May 2014. 
  22. ^ "Bye election to the House of the People from The 25 Howrah Parliamentary Constituency". Forms 21 D & E. Election Commission of India. Retrieved 10 June 2013. 
  23. ^ a b "General Elections to Lok Sabha 2014 Constituency Wise Trends & Results". West Bengal. Election Commission of India. Retrieved 25 May 2014. 
  24. ^ "TMC wins Howrah Lok Sabha by-poll". West Bengal. Business Standard. Retrieved 6 June 2013. 
  25. ^ "Bye election to the House of the People from The 25 Howrah Parliamentary Constituency". Forms 21 D & E. Election Commission of India. Retrieved 10 June 2013. 

See also[edit]

Coordinates: 22°35′N 88°19′E / 22.59°N 88.31°E / 22.59; 88.31