Hoxton (UK Parliament constituency)

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Hoxton
Former Borough constituency
for the House of Commons
18851918
Number of members one
Replaced by Shoreditch
Created from Hackney

Hoxton was a borough constituency centred on the Hoxton district of London. It returned one Member of Parliament (MP) to the House of Commons of the Parliament of the United Kingdom, elected by the first past the post system.

History[edit]

Hoxton in the Metropolitan area, showing boundaries used from 1885 to 1918.

The constituency was created by the Redistribution of Seats Act 1885 for the 1885 general election, and abolished for the 1918 general election.

Boundaries[edit]

The constituency was created in 1885, as a division of the parliamentary borough of Shoreditch in the East End of London. The area was administered as part of the Tower division of the county of Middlesex.

The division consisted of the Moorfields, Church, Hoxton and Wenlock wards.

In 1889 there were administrative changes. The territory of the constituency was severed from Middlesex and included in the new County of London. The lower tier of local government in the area continued to be administered by parish vestries and local boards of works.

In 1900 local government in London was rationalised. The civil parish of St. Leonard, Shoreditch became part of a larger Metropolitan Borough of Shoreditch.

In the redistribution of parliamentary seats in 1918, the Metropolitan Borough of Shoreditch constituted a single parliamentary division of Shoreditch. The Hoxton division was abolished.

Members of Parliament[edit]

Election Member Party
1885 James Stuart Liberal
1900 Hon. Claude George Drummond Hay Conservative
1910 Christopher Addison, later Viscount Addison Liberal
1918 constituency abolished

Election results[edit]

Elections in the 1910s[edit]

Christopher Addison
General Election December 1910: Shoreditch, Hoxton
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal Christopher Addison 3,489 55.5
Conservative Francis Francis 2,795 44.5
Majority 694 11.0
Turnout
Liberal hold Swing +3.1
General Election January 1910: Shoreditch, Hoxton
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal Christopher Addison 3,736 52.4
Conservative Hon. Claude George Drummond Hay 3,398 47.6
Majority 338 4.8
Turnout
Liberal gain from Conservative Swing +8.3

Elections in the 1900s[edit]

General Election 1906: Shoreditch, Hoxton
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Hon. Claude George Drummond Hay 3,489 55.9
Liberal H. Ward 2,753 44.1
Majority 736 11.8
Turnout 7,754 80.5
Conservative hold Swing +3.4
General Election 1900: Shoreditch, Hoxton
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Hon. Claude George Drummond Hay 2,866 52.5
Liberal James Stuart 2,595 47.5
Majority 271 5.0
Turnout 7,789 70.1
Conservative gain from Liberal Swing +3.6

Elections in the 1890s[edit]

James Stuart
General Election 1895: Shoreditch, Hoxton
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal James Stuart 2,990 51.1
Conservative Hon. Claude George Drummond Hay 2,862 48.9
Majority 128 2.2
Turnout 8,789 66.6
Liberal hold Swing -10.6
General Election 1892: Shoreditch, Hoxton
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal James Stuart 3,410 61.5
Conservative Hon. Claude George Drummond Hay 2,114 38.1
Independent Labour R. Donald 19 0.4
Majority 1,296 23.4
Turnout 8,011 69.2
Liberal hold Swing +8.9

Elections in the 1880s[edit]

General Election 1886: Shoreditch, Hoxton
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal James Stuart 2,324 52.8
Conservative Robert Arthur Germaine 2,079 47.2
Majority 245 5.6
Turnout 8,469 52.0
Liberal hold Swing -7.3
General Election 1885: Shoreditch, Hoxton
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal James Stuart 3,084 60.1
Conservative Robert Arthur Germaine 2,047 39.9
Majority 1,037 20.2
Turnout 8,469 60.6

References[edit]