Hoyle–Narlikar theory of gravity

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The Hoyle–Narlikar theory of gravity[1] is a Machian theory of gravity proposed by Fred Hoyle and Jayant Narlikar that fits into the quasi steady state model of the universe.[2] The gravitational constant G is arbitrary and is determined by the mean density of matter in the universe. The theory was inspired by the Wheeler–Feynman absorber theory for electrodynamics.[3]

Currently the theory does not fit into WMAP data.[4] Narlikar and his followers are working on adding mini bangs with various creation fields to explain the anisotropy of the universe.[5][6]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ "Cosmology: Math Plus Mach Equals Far-Out Gravity". Time. Jun 26, 1964. Retrieved 7 August 2010. 
  2. ^ F. Hoyle and J. V. Narlikar (1964). "A New Theory of Gravitation". Proceedings of the Royal Society A. Bibcode:1964RSPSA.282..191H. doi:10.1098/rspa.1964.0227. 
  3. ^ Hoyle, Narlikar (1995). "Cosmology and action-at-a-distance electrodynamics". Reviews of Modern Physics 67 (1): 113. Bibcode:1995RvMP...67..113H. doi:10.1103/RevModPhys.67.113. 
  4. ^ Edward L. Wright. "Errors in the Steady State and Quasi-SS Models". Retrieved 7 August 2010. 
  5. ^ J.V. Narlikar, R.G. Vishwakarma, Amir Hajian, Tarun Souradeep, G. Burbidge, F. Hoyle (2002). "Inhomogeneities in the Microwave Background Radiation interpreted within the framework of the Quasi-Steady State Cosmology". Astrophysical Journal 585: 1–11. arXiv:astro-ph/0211036. Bibcode:2003ApJ...585....1N. doi:10.1086/345928. 
  6. ^ J. V. Narlikar and N. C. Rana (1983). "Cosmic microwave background spectrum in the Hoyle-Narlikar cosmology". Physics Letters A 99 (2-3): 75–76. Bibcode:1983PhLA...99...75N. doi:10.1016/0375-9601(83)90927-1.