Hristo Smirnenski

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Hristo Smirnenski
Born (1898-09-17)September 17, 1898
Kukush, Ottoman Empire
Died June 18, 1923(1923-06-18) (aged 24)
Sofia, Bulgaria
Occupation poet, prose writer
Nationality Bulgarian

Hristo Smirnenski (Bulgarian: Христо Смирненски), born as Hristo Izmirliev, (September 17, 1898 OS - June 18, 1923) was a Bulgarian poet and prose writer.[1][2] His hometown was Kukush in Macedonia, Ottoman Empire, (today Kilkis, Greece), which had militant traditions and an enterprising population. Hristo spent a happy childhood in a friendly and understanding patriarchal home. He was a free, witty and playful child with a vivid imagination and keen sense of humour. He wrote songs, stories about birds and animals and rhyming jokes.

He made his literary debut in 1915 during his second year at College in the satirical newspaper "K'vo da e" ("Anything Goes"). Hristo first called himself "Smirnenski" in the magazine "Smyah i salzi" ("Laughter and Tears"). His hard tireless work and deprivations undermined the 25 year-old poet's health and he died on 18 June 1923 from tuberculosis, "the yellow visitor". He had followed political events and kept his faith, optimism and sense of humour right until his last breath. In the eight brief years of his prolific career Hristo Smirnenski penned thousands of pieces of poetry and prose in various genres using more than 70 pseudonyms.


Smirnenski Point on Robert Island, South Shetland Islands is named after Hristo Smirnenski.


  1. ^ Britannica online Encyclopaedia, Bulgarian literature.
  2. ^ A history of Bulgarian literature 865-1944, Charles A. Moser, Mouton, 1972, pp. 223-226.


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