Croatian Radiotelevision

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Croatian Radio Television
Hrvatska radiotelevizija
Type Broadcast radio, television and online
Country Croatia
First air date
15 May 1926 (radio)
15 May 1956 (television)
Revenue 1.42 billion HRK
(US$ 239 million) (2011)[1]
Broadcast area
Croatia
Owner Croatia
Former names
Radiotelevizija Zagreb (RTZ) (until 1990)[2]
HRT 1
HRT 2
HRT 3
HRT 4
Radio stations
HR1
HR2
HR3
regional stations, internet streams
Yugoslav Radio Television (JRT)
Official website
hrt.hr

Croatian Radiotelevision (Croatian: Hrvatska radiotelevizija, HRT) is a Croatian public broadcasting company. It operates several radio and television channels, over a domestic transmitter network as well as satellite. In 2011, more than 80%[1] of HRT's revenue came from broadcast user fees with each household in Croatia required to pay 79 HRK (~10€) per month for a single television set, with the remainder being made up from advertising (which is limited by law).[3]

Croatian Radiotelevision has three organizational units, three sister companies - the Croatian Radio (Hrvatski radio), the Croatian Television (Hrvatska televizija) and Music Production (Glazbena proizvodnja).

History[edit]

Croatian Radiotelevision headquarters at Prisavlje, Zagreb

Croatian Radiotelevision is a direct successor of Zagreb Radiostation (Radio stanica Zagreb) that started broadcasting on 15 May 1926 under its first director and co-founder, dr. Ivo Stern. During the first 14 years of its existence, Zagreb Radiostation was owned by a private corporation. Radio Zagreb was nationalized on 1 May 1940. During the Independent State of Croatia, the station was known as Hrvatski krugoval. After World War II it began to operate as a state-owned radio station.

Zagreb Radiostation was the first public broadcasting facility in the southeast European area, including countries of former Yugoslavia.

At the end of the first year of operation, Radio Zagreb company had a little over four thousand subscribers.

On the 30th anniversary of the establishment of Zagreb Radiostation, on 15 May 1956, the first television programme was broadcast from the transmitter built at Sljeme. For the next two years this was the only TV broadcasting service in the southeast European area.

In June 1990, the Croatian Parliament renamed the company from Radiotelevizija Zagreb to Hrvatska radiotelevizija. On 1 January 1993, HRT was admitted as a full active member of the European Broadcasting Union.[2]

The television programme was aired under the name "Croatian Television", Hrvatska televizija (HTV) between 1990 and 1993. Since then, the current name is used. The radio broadcast unit is still referred to as "Croatian Radio", Hrvatski radio (HR).

Television[edit]

Channels[edit]

  • HRT 1 (or Prvi program) - HRT's first TV channel, previously known as TVZ 1. It is used for daily news around the world.
  • HRT 2 (or Drugi program) - HRT's second channel, primarily used for sports broadcasts and entertainment program, and the channel is known for its extensive footage of vintage films.
  • HRT 3 (or Treći program) - HRT's third channel, primarily used for culture and films, and also for many documentaries. It was popular during the late '90s, and taken off-air in 2004. It returned to air in 2012.
  • HRT 4 (or Četvrti program) - HRT's fourth channel for news program, started airing in December 2012.

In the 1980s there was a third channel called Z3 and later HTV Z3. It was taken off air on 16 September 1991 when its main transmitter, the Sljeme TV tower, was damaged in an air raid. On 7 November 1994 the channel came back on air, this time called HRT 3. The channel was later shut down with its frequency de-nationalized and out up for lease in a public tender in 2004 (it has been used by RTL Televizija ever since).

Popular TV programs[edit]

Dnevnik is one of HRT's popular news-programs.
  • Dnevnik HRT ("Daily News"), popular midday, evening and midnight news program
  • Nedjeljom u dva ("Sundays at two o'clock"), weekly talk show
  • Dobro jutro, Hrvatska ("Good morning, Croatia"), mosaic morning show from 7:00 til 9:00 am.
  • Hrvatska uživo ("Croatia live"), mosaic afternoon show
  • Transfer, show about the alternative culture and arts (visual arts, music and web culture)
  • U istom loncu ("Ready Steady Cook"), cooking game show.
  • Kod Ane ("At Ana's"), cooking show
  • Zvijezde pjevaju ("Just the Two of Us"), big Saturday singing show.
  • Ples sa zvijezdama ("Dancing with the Stars"), Saturday dancing show.
  • TV kalendar, long-running daily historical documentary television series, narrating about historical events, birth/death of people or their discoveries on the occurred date.

Former shows[edit]

  • Male tajne velikih majstora kuhinje ("Small secrets of big chefs") (cooking show), aired in the 1980s.
  • Kviskoteka (quiz show) hosted by Oliver Mlakar, aired in the 1980s and 1990s, later briefly aired on Nova TV
  • Slika na sliku ("Frame on frame") (political magazine), aired in the 1990s
  • Upitnik ("Question mark") (quiz show) hosted by Joško Lokas, aired in the 2000s, later briefly aired on Nova TV, taken off air in 2004.
  • Željka Ogresta i gosti ("Željka Ogresta and guests") (talk show), aired in the start of 1990s and later in start of 2000s
  • Motrišta ("Points of view") (political informative magazine), aired in the 1990s.
  • Turbo Limač Show (kids Saturday show) hosted by Siniša Cmrk.
  • Dan za danom ("Day after day"), mosaic afternoon show.
  • The Pyramid (Croatian TV series), weekly show hosted by Željka Ogresta, winner of Rose d'Or (Golden Rose) aired 2004-2008.

Upcoming shows[edit]

  • The Voice - The most beautiful voice of Croatia
  • Dancing on Ice
  • Big Saturday Live (Saturday night show)
  • Friends (children's Sunday program)
  • Talks with Coffee (talk show)
  • Sunday Afternoon
  • School work (educational school morning magazine)

Currently airing[edit]

Internationally created shows currently broadcast by HRT (April 2014)[edit]

Original name Croatian translation Origin
Boardwalk Empire Carstvo poroka United States
Homeland Domovina United States
Secret State Državne tajne United Kingdom
Doctor Who Doktor Who United Kingdom
Reign Vladarica United Kingdom
The Simpsons Simpsoni United States
Fringe Fringe United States
The Closer Završni udarac United States
To Play the King Kraljeva igra United Kingdom
The Final Cut Završni krug United Kingdom
Criminal Minds Zločinački umovi United States
Vera Vera United Kingdom
Gossip Girl Tračerica United States
Sex and the City Seks i grad United States
Kojak Kojak United States
Edgemont Edgemont Canada
Schlosshotel Orth Hotel dvorac Orth Austria
Der Winzerkönig Kralj vinograda Austria
De Que Te Quiero, Te Quiero Znaj da te volim Venezuela
Batman: The Brave and the Bold Batman i hrabri superjunaci United States
Thunderstone Vatrena kugla Australia
M.I. High Školarci obavještajci United Kingdom

Nationally created shows currently broadcast by HRT (April 2014)[edit]

Original name Format Origin
Kazalište u kući sitcom Croatia
Stipe u gostima sitcom Croatia

Radio[edit]

Croatian Radiotelevision is located in Croatia
Sljeme
Sljeme
Pula
Pula
Split
Split
Osijek
Osijek
Rijeka
Rijeka
Zadar
Zadar
Knin
Knin
Dubrovnik
Dubrovnik
Map of the eight Croatian Radio regional stations

The Croatian Radio (Hrvatski radio) runs three national and eight local (county-level) stations.[4]

National stations

The three national stations are available on FM throughout the country and are streamed live via the Internet.

  • HR1 - The primary national-level station, mainly serious programming broadcasting news every full hour.
  • HR2 - Mostly airs entertainment programming including popular music, with news followed by traffic reports usually at the half-hour mark.
  • HR3 - Mainly airs classical music and radio drama.
Regional stations
International service
  • Voice of Croatia (Glas Hrvatske) - Airs programming for Croatians living abroad, Croatia's minority groups and the international community. While mostly in the Croatian language, the station also features short news and segments in English, German, Italian, Hungarian, and Spanish at different times of the day.

The mediumwave transmitter at Zadar was at onetime one of the most powerful in Europe and at nighttime could be heard throughout most of the continent with JRT (Yugoslav) and later HR (Croatian) programming from Zagreb and Pula. However it was badly damaged during the Serbian shelling of the city in the early 1990s, and has operated on somewhat reduced power since on 1134 kHz.

Logos[edit]

Hrvatska radio-televizija logo.JPG Hrvatska radiotelevizija logo II.JPG Hrvatska radiotelevizija logo.JPG Logo of the HRT.svg
1956–90 1990 1990–2000 2000–12 2012–

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b http://www.hrt.hr/fileadmin/video/Program_rada_i_financijski_plan_HRT-a_za_2012.pdf
  2. ^ a b "The Evolution of Croatian Radio and Television". Croatian Radiotelevision. 2009-10-01. Retrieved 2010-09-30. 
  3. ^ Circom-regional.org, Funding Arrangements
  4. ^ List of radio programme content providers, Croatian Post and Electronic Communications Agency, retrieved 2011-10-25

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 45°47′35″N 15°58′29″E / 45.79306°N 15.97472°E / 45.79306; 15.97472