Gregory Yakhimovich

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Gregory Yakhimovich
Metropolitan of Lemberg
H jahymovych.jpg
Church Ukrainian Greek Catholic Church
Installed 23 March 1860
Term ended 29 April 1863
Predecessor Mykhaylo Levitsky
Successor Spyrydon Lytvynovych
Orders
Ordination 14 September 1816 (Priest)
Consecration 21 November 1841 (Bishop)
by Mykhaylo Levitsky
Personal details
Born 16 February 1792
Pidhirtsi, Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth
Died 29 April 1863(1863-04-29) (aged 71)
Lemberg (modern Lviv), Galicia and Lodomeria, Austrian Empire

Gregory Yakhimovich (Ukrainian: Григорій Яхимович, Polish: Hryhorij Jachymowycz; 16 February, 1792 – 29 April 1863) was the Metropolitan Archbishop of the Ukrainian Greek Catholic Church, and also a leading figure in the Ukrainian National Revival, from 1860 until his death in 1863.

Life[edit]

Gregory Yakhimovich was born on 16 February 1792 in Pidhirtsi, a town in the region of Galicia, a part of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth. He went to school in Lemberg (modern day Lviv in Ukraine), which had since been incorporated into the Austrian Empire, and was ordained on 14 September 1816.[1] During 1818-1819, he served as a parish priest at a Greek Catholic church in Vienna, while he was studying at the Higher Scientific Institute for Diocesan Priests at St. Augustine's. He would go on to earn doctorates in theology, philosophy, and the liberals arts from the Institute. He returned to Galicia in 1819, working as the head of the Department of Religion at the newly reopened University of Lemberg. He continued to work at the university for most of his life, and was a professor of pedagogy from 1825, and a professor of theology from 1837. During his tenure, he was appointed as a canon in 1835, and as rector of the Lemberg Theological Seminary in 1837. Yakhimovich was appointed as an auxiliary bishop of the Archeparchy of Lemberg by Pope Gregory VI in July of 1841. He was consecrated on 21 November of that year by the Metropolitan of Lemberg, Mykhaylo Levitsky.[1] He was appointed bishop of the Archeparchy of Premissel on 5 September 1848, and consecrated on 25 March 1949.[2]

During the revolutions of 1848, Yakhimovich was the leader of the Supreme Ruthenian Council, which supported the Ukrainian National Revival and the pro-Austrian position of the Western Ukrainian clergy, as opposed to the Western Ukrainian Russophiles.[3] He was consecrated as the Metropolitan of Lemberg on 23 March 1860, which made him the primate of the Ukrainian Greek Catholic Church. He also served rector of the University of Lemberg from 1860–1861. He suddenly died in Lemberg on 29 April 1863.

Role in the Ukrainian National Revival[edit]

Gregory Yakhimovich was one of the leading figures of the Ukrainian National Revival in the mid 19th century.[4] He took part in the Council of Ruthenian Scientists, and advocated for use of the Ukrainian language in schools and in churches. Yakhimovich was appointed as a deputy to the Diet of Galicia and Lodomeria, the parliament of the Kingdom of Galicia and Lodomeria. In this capacity, he defended the rights of the Ukrainian population in Galicia, promoted the Ukrainian language and the preservation of the Ukrainian Cyrillic alphabet, and also the Byzantine Rite of mass. In reward for his service to the Austrian Empire, he was awarded the title of Baron. He was sometimes called the "Spiritual ruler of the Ukrainian state".[4]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b Ritzler, Remigius (1968). "Pompeiopolitan". Hierarchia catholica Medii aevi sive summorum pontificum, S.R.E. cardinalium, ecclesiarum antistitum series (in Latin) 7. Padua. p. 311. 
  2. ^ Pelesz, Julian (1881). Geschichte der Union der ruthenischen Kirche mit Rom (in German). Woerl. p. 932. 
  3. ^ "Yakhymovych, Hryhorii". Encyclopedia of Ukraine. Retrieved 2 April 2011. 
  4. ^ a b "Revolution 1848-1849". Украинская Карта. Retrieved 9 July 2014.