Hsinchu County

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Hsinchu County
新竹縣
County
Hsinchu County Montage.png
Flag of Hsinchu County
Flag
Coat of arms of Hsinchu County
Coat of arms
Taiwan ROC political division map Hsinchu County.svg
Coordinates: 24°50′0″N 121°0′53″E / 24.83333°N 121.01472°E / 24.83333; 121.01472Coordinates: 24°50′0″N 121°0′53″E / 24.83333°N 121.01472°E / 24.83333; 121.01472
Country Taiwan
Region Northwestern Taiwan
Seat Zhubei City
Largest city Zhubei City
Boroughs 1 cities, 12 (3 urban, 9 rural) townships
Government
 • County Magistrate Chiu Ching-chun
Area
 • Total 1,427.59 km2 (551.20 sq mi)
Area rank 12 of 22
Population (June 2014)
 • Total 533,851
 • Rank 11 of 22
 • Density 370/km2 (970/sq mi)
Time zone CST (UTC+8)
Website www.hsinchu.gov.tw
Symbols
Bird Muller's Barbet (Megalaima oorti)
Flower Camellia
Tree Broad-leaved podocarpus (Nageia nagi)
Hsinchu County
Traditional Chinese 新竹縣

Hsinchu County (Chinese: 新竹縣; pinyin: Xīnzhú Xiàn; Wade–Giles: Hsin1-chu2 Hsien4) is a county in north-western Taiwan. The population of the county is mainly Hakka; there is a Taiwanese aboriginal minority in the southeastern part of the county. Zhubei is the capital of Hsinchu, where the government office and county office is located. Hsinchu is where most of the industrial factory and office of computer related companies are located, and is often called the Hsinchu Technology Zone (Chinese: 新竹科學園區; pinyin: Xīnzhú kēxuéyuán qū; Wade–Giles: Hsin1-chu2 K'o1-hsüeh2-yüan2 Ch'ü1).

History[edit]

Main article: History of Hsinchu

Before Han people migrated to Hsinchu, the area was originally called Chukung, the homeland of Dukas Pingpu, Saisha and Taiya tribes. Fukienese and Hakkanese people came since the Ming Dynasty era. They began to cultivate the land from the plain area near the sea towards the river valleys and hills.

Qing Dynasty[edit]

In the late 19th century, Fukiense people dominated the coastal plain area, forcing the Saisha and Taiya tribes to move to Jianshi and Wufeng area, while the Hakkanese and Dukas Pingpu tribes settled together in the river valleys and hills area. The city was renamed Hsinchu in 1875.[1]

Empire of Japan[edit]

During the Japanese rule of Taiwan, Hsinchu County was administered under the Shinchiku Prefecture together with Hsinchu City, Miaoli County and Taoyuan County.

Republic of China[edit]

After the handover of Taiwan from Japan to the Republic of China on 25 October 1945, Hsinchu County was established to be part of Taiwan Province on 25 December 1945. At that time, more and more people moved from Mainland China to Taiwan for work and marriage, in which they formed a new social group in the society.[2]

Geography[edit]

Hsinchu County is located at the northwest part of Taiwan Island. It is bordered with Taoyuan County to the north, Miaoli County to the south, Taiwan Strait to the west and Xueshan and Dabajian Mountain to the east. With an area spanning up to 1,427.59 km2, Hsinchu County area composed mainly of uplands, tablelands and mountains, except for the alluvial plains of the Fengshan River and Touqian River mouth area and partial ancient river land.[3]

Climate[edit]

Average Temperature of Hsinchu

The average climate in Hsinchu County is mild.[4]

Administration[edit]

Hsinchu County controls one city, three urban townships and nine rural townships. Zhubei City is the seat of Hsinchu County which houses the Hsinchu County Government and Hsinchu County Council. The incumbent Magistrate of Hsinchu County is Chiu Ching-chun of the Kuomintang. The administrative division of the county are:

City[edit]

  1. Zhubei City (竹北市)

Townships[edit]

Urban townships[edit]

  1. Guanxi Township (關西鎮)
  2. Xinpu Township (新埔鎮)
  3. Zhudong Township (竹東鎮)

Rural townships[edit]

  1. Baoshan Township (寶山鄉)
  2. Beipu Township (北埔鄉)
  3. Emei Township (峨眉鄉)
  4. Hengshan Township (橫山鄉)
  5. Hukou Township (湖口鄉)
  6. Jianshi Township (尖石鄉)
  7. Qionglin Township (芎林鄉)
  8. Wufeng Township (五峰鄉)
  9. Xinfeng Township (新豐鄉)

Demographics and culture[edit]

Population[edit]

As of June 2014, population of Hsinchu County is 533,851 people, with an average annual population growth around 6,868 people. Since 1991, a change in the county economic structure has brought a significant increase in the population, causing rapid growth especially in Zhubei City.[5] The ethnic compositions of the county are Hakka, Hoklo, aborigines and new immigrants. The Hakka people constitute around 84% of the total population, while the aborigines consist mainly of Atayal and Saisiyat people.[6]

Economy[edit]

High tech industry[edit]

After the founding of Hsinchu Science and Industrial Park in 1980, a high number of high-tech industries began to grow and expand outside the park, attracting workers coming to work and settle in the county.

Education[edit]

Education in Hsinchu County is administered by the Education Department of Hsinchu County Government. The county is home to the Minghsin University of Science and Technology and Ta Hwa University of Science and Technology.

Energy[edit]

Power generations[edit]

Hsinchu County is home to the gas-fired Hsintao Power Plant with a capacity of 600 MW located in Guanxi Township.

Water supply[edit]

Hsinchu County houses the Baoshan Dam, supplying cooling water for factories in Hsinchu Science and Industrial Park and neighboring Hsinchu City. The dam can contain water up to 5,470,000 m3 with a catchment area of 3.2 km2.

Tourist attractions[edit]

Transportation[edit]

Rail[edit]

The Hsinchu Station of the Taiwan High Speed Rail is located in the county at Zhubei City. Hsinchu County is crossed by three Taiwan Railways Administration lines, which are the Liujia Line, Neiwan Line and Western Line.

Relative location[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]