Hsinchu County

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Hsinchu County
Flag of Hsinchu County
Coat of arms of Hsinchu County
Coat of arms
Taiwan ROC political division map Hsinchu County.svg
Coordinates: 24°50′0″N 121°0′53″E / 24.83333°N 121.01472°E / 24.83333; 121.01472Coordinates: 24°50′0″N 121°0′53″E / 24.83333°N 121.01472°E / 24.83333; 121.01472
Country Taiwan
Region Northwestern Taiwan
Seat Zhubei City
Largest city Zhubei City
Boroughs 1 cities, 12 (3 urban, 9 rural) townships
 • County Magistrate Chiu Ching-chun
 • Total 1,427.59 km2 (551.20 sq mi)
Area rank 12 of 22
Population (June 2014)
 • Total 533,851
 • Rank 11 of 22
 • Density 370/km2 (970/sq mi)
Time zone CST (UTC+8)
Website www.hsinchu.gov.tw
Bird Muller's Barbet (Megalaima oorti)
Flower Camellia
Tree Broad-leaved podocarpus (Nageia nagi)
Hsinchu County
Traditional Chinese 新竹縣

Hsinchu County (Chinese: 新竹縣; pinyin: Xīnzhú Xiàn; Wade–Giles: Hsin1-chu2 Hsien4) is a county in north-western Taiwan. The population of the county is mainly Hakka; there is a Taiwanese aboriginal minority in the southeastern part of the county. Zhubei is the capital of Hsinchu, where the government office and county office is located. Hsinchu is where most of the industrial factory and office of computer related companies are located, and is often called the Hsinchu Technology Zone (Chinese: 新竹科學園區; pinyin: Xīnzhú kēxuéyuán qū; Wade–Giles: Hsin1-chu2 K'o1-hsüeh2-yüan2 Ch'ü1).


Before Han people migrated to Hsinchu, the area was originally called Chukung, the homeland of Dukas Pingpu, Saisha and Taiya tribes. Fukienese and Hakkanese people came since the Ming Dynasty era. They began to cultivate the land from the plain area near the sea towards the river valleys and hills. In the late 19th century, Fukiense people dominated the coastal plain area, forcing the Saisha and Taiya tribes to move to Jianshi and Wufeng area, while the Hakkanese and Dukas Pingpu tribes settled together in the river valleys and hills area.

After the handover of Taiwan from Japan to the Republic of China in October 1945, Hsinchu County was established to be part of Taiwan Province in December 1945 from the former Shinchiku Prefecture. At that time, more and more people moved from Mainland China to Taiwan for work and marriage, in which they formed a new social group in the society.[1]


Hsinchu County controls one city, three urban townships and nine rural townships. Zhubei City is the seat of Hsinchu County which houses the Hsinchu County Government and Hsinchu County Council. The administrative division of the county are:


  1. Zhubei City (竹北市)


Urban townships[edit]

  1. Guanxi Township (關西鎮)
  2. Xinpu Township (新埔鎮)
  3. Zhudong Township (竹東鎮)

Rural townships[edit]

  1. Baoshan Township (寶山鄉)
  2. Beipu Township (北埔鄉)
  3. Emei Township (峨眉鄉)
  4. Hengshan Township (橫山鄉)
  5. Hukou Township (湖口鄉)
  6. Jianshi Township (尖石鄉)
  7. Qionglin Township (芎林鄉)
  8. Wufeng Township (五峰鄉)
  9. Xinfeng Township (新豐鄉)


Average Temperature of Hsinchu

Tourist attractions[edit]

Relative location[edit]

See also[edit]


External links[edit]