Hsing Yun

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Hsing Yun
星雲
星雲大師2009IBPS.jpg
Hsing Yun in 2009
School Fo Guang Shan
Other names Mo Jia (pen name)
Dharma names Jin Jue
Personal
Nationality Han Chinese
Born (1927-08-19) August 19, 1927 (age 87)
Jiangsu, Republic of China (1912–49)
Senior posting
Successor Hsin Ping
Hsin Ting
Hsin Pei
Religious career
Students Hsin Tao
Yifa
Present post Spiritual advisor of Fo Guang Shan

Hsing Yun (Chinese: 星雲大師; pinyin: Xīngyún Dàshī; Pe̍h-ōe-jī: Seng-hûn tāi su; born August 19, 1927) is a Chinese Buddhist monk and the founder of the Fo Guang Shan, a large new religious movement, as well as the affiliated Buddha's Light International Association. He served as the first, second and third term director and abbot of the order before voluntarily resigning his position in 1985 in favor of his disciple, Hsin Ping.[1]

Hsing Yun is a proponent of "humanistic Buddhism, which is taught by his Fo Guang Shan order.[2] In Taiwan, Hsing Yun is notable for his activity in political affairs, particularly on the One-China policy as well as government legislation supported by the Kuomintang, and is often criticized for his views by those in favor of Taiwan independence and religious figures. He was a figure of interest during the 1996 United States campaign finance controversy involving then-U.S. Vice President Al Gore and a visit to Hsi Lai Temple, the U.S. branch of Hsing Yun's organization.[3][4]

Health[edit]

In recent years, Hsing Yun has been confined to a wheelchair and had not made extensive public appearances, contrasting to previous years when he made several trips to his chapter temple branches. On December 26 in 2011, a day after the opening of the Buddha Memorial Center in Kaohsiung, Hsing Yun suffered a minor stroke and was in stable condition when he was rushed to the hospital.[5]

Involvement in Politics[edit]

Unlike most prominent Buddhist leaders in Taiwan who have withdrawn from making political statements or have kept them private, Hsing Yun is notable in openly involving himself with Taiwanese and Chinese politics, mainly siding with Kuomintang policies. A prominent supporter of the One China policy, in 2009 Hsing Yun exclaimed that there are "no Taiwanese" and that Taiwanese "are Chinese."[6] during the second World Buddhist Forum, causing a rift between himself and those on the Pan-Green coalition. In addition to this statement, Hsing Yun claimed in 2012 that the Senkaku Islands (also known as the Diaoyutai Islands) belonged to China.[7] He has also encouraged reconciliation between China and the Dalai Lama,[8] though he has distanced himself from the Dalai Lama in the past for fears of causing rifts between him and his organisation and the Chinese government.[9] During the 2008 presidential election, Hsing Yun publicly endorsed Kuomintang candidate Ma Ying-jeou.[10]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Fo Guang Shan - Abbotship
  2. ^ [1]
  3. ^ [2]
  4. ^ Asia Sentinel - A Buddhist master straddles the Taiwan Straits
  5. ^ Taipei Times: Hsing Yun recovering after stroke, 26 December 2011
  6. ^ "Taiwan Buddhist master: 'No Taiwanese'". Retrieved 2009-04-02. 
  7. ^ "Master Hsing Yun says China owns Diaoyutais". Taipei Times. 18 September 2012. 
  8. ^ "Taiwan monk urges China to befriend Dalai Lama". 
  9. ^ Chandler, Stuart (2004). Establishing a Pure Land on Earth: The Foguang Buddhist Perspective on Modernization and Globalization. Topics in Contemporary Buddhism. University of Hawaii Press. pp. 258–259. 
  10. ^ "意在言外 星雲籲幫馬找工作". 民視新聞. 2011-12-26. 

External links[edit]

Buddhist titles
Preceded by
None
Abbot and Director of Fo Guang Shan
1967–1985
Succeeded by
Hsin Ping
Preceded by
New creation
Honorary President of the World Fellowship of Buddhists
Served alongside: K. Sri Dhammananda

1993
Succeeded by
incumbent