Hu Deping (胡德平) (born November 1942) is the vice chairman of All-China General Chamber of Industry & Commerce, Secretary of National Association of Industry and Commerce (under the United Front Work Department of the Communist Party of China) and vice minister of the Propaganda Department of the Communist Party of China. He is the eldest son of Hu Yaobang.
He is a famous economist in mainland China. In the 1970s, Hu Deping was largely responsible for restoring archaeology as an academic discipline after its destruction in the so-called "Great Proletarian Cultural Revolution" (无产阶级文化大革命) of 1966-1969. He is an acknowledged expert on the classic 18th century novel "Dream of the Red Chamber" (红楼梦) by Cao Xueqin.