|Hu Lien 胡璉|
|Nickname(s)||The old man|
|Born||1 October 1907
Hua County, Shaanxi
|Died||22 June 1977
|Allegiance||Republic of China|
|Years of service||1926–1977|
|Commands held||11th Division (reorg.), March 1942
18th Corps, 1944
Deputy Commander 12th Army, 1948
Kinmen Defense Command
|Battles/wars||Battle of Western Hubei(1941)
Battle of West Hunan(1945)
Battle of Kuningtou(1949)
Battle of Nanri Island(1952)
Second Taiwan Strait Crisis
|Awards||Order of Blue Sky and White Sun in 1944|
Hu Lien (traditional Chinese: 胡璉; simplified Chinese: 胡琏; pinyin: Hú Liǎn; 1907–1977) was a Chinese Nationalist general who participated in the Northern Expedition, anti-communist Encirclement Campaigns, Second Sino-Japanese War and Chinese Civil War.
Whampoa Military Academy
Second Sino-Japanese War
Hu was a regiment commander in the 11th division in the Battle of Shanghai. He was wounded several times (including a shot through the jaw) and was promoted to division commander after the battle was over. As part of their Sichuan invasion plan, the Imperial Japanese Army attacked Western Hubei, hoping to destroy Chiang Kai Shek's last remaining power base. Under Hu's leadership, the newly formed 18th Corps repulsed the Japanese attack. Afterward, he was awarded with the Order of Blue Sky and White Sun, the highest military decoration in the Republic of China.
As a result of Hu's impressive track record, his unit was deployed around central and eastern China as a firefighting brigade. He was so successful in fighting against the communist forces, even communist commanders like Liu Bocheng and Su Yu suffered defeats from this spectacular Nationalist advance. Before the Huaihai Campaign of 1948, his father died and he had dental problems, and was absent from the front. When the 12th army was surrounded by the communist troops in Anhui province, Hu was flown in a small airplane in the battle field personally led a rescue mission and breakout from the encirclement with the remnant of his troops. After seven days of daring escape, he reached Nanjing and Chiang Kai Shek tasked him with reorganizing the 12th army.
He had twice been appointed as commander of Kinmen Defense Command. He was credited to repulse an invasion of Kinmen by the communist force in 1950 and participated in several commando attacks to mainland. Chiang Kai-shek had deep faith in his military leadership and gave an award of a sword with inlaid jewels to Hu.
Hu played a major role in Republic of China–Vietnam relations, serving as Taipei's ambassador in Saigon, South Vietnam from 1964 to 1972; this was part of the KMT policy of sharing its expertise in anti-communist affairs with other countries in the region. He was finally promoted to four-star general in 1975 after fifty years of army service. Hu died in 1977 of heart failure and was buried in Kinmen, where he had soundly defeated the Communist invasions in 1949 and 1958.
none, new creation
1st Kinmen Defense Command