|— Prefecture-level city —|
|Country||People's Republic of China|
|City seat||Tianjia'an District
|• CPC Secretary||Yang Zhenchao (杨振超)|
|• Mayor||Cao Yong (曹勇)|
|• Prefecture-level city||2,526 km2 (975 sq mi)|
|• Urban||1,526 km2 (589 sq mi)|
|• Metro||1,919 km2 (741 sq mi)|
|Population (2010 census)|
|• Prefecture-level city||2,334,000|
|• Density||920/km2 ( 2,400/sq mi)|
|• Urban density||1,100/km2 ( 2,800/sq mi)|
|• Metro density||990/km2 ( 2,600/sq mi)|
|Time zone||China Standard (UTC+8)|
|GDP per capita|
|License Plate Prefix||皖D|
|Postal Code 242100(Fengtai County)|
Huainan (Chinese: 淮南; pinyin: Huáinán) is a prefecture-level city with 2,334,000 inhabitants in central Anhui Province, People’s Republic of China. It borders the provincial capital of Hefei to the south, Lu’an to the southwest, Fuyang to the west, Bozhou to the northwest, Bengbu to the northeast and Chuzhou to the east. Its built up area is home to 1,899,740 inhabitants in 2010 spread out on 4 districts (Tianjia'an, Datong, Xiejiaji, Bagongshan and 1 county Fengtai) nowadays in agglomeration.
The name traditionally refers to the entire area south of the Huai River and north of the Yangtze River, which includes the present day central Anhui. The historic political centers of the Huainan area were situated in Yangzhou and Shouchun (present day Shou County).
- Tianjia'an District (田家庵区)
- Panji District (潘集区)
- Xiejiaji District (谢家集区)
- Datong District (大通区)
- Bagongshan District (八公山区)
- Fengtai County (凤台县)
The name Huainan first came into existence in 203 BC, when Liu Bang bestowed upon Ying Bu, one of his most trusted generals, the title of the King of Huainan. The capital of the Kingdom of Huainan was situated in the present day Lu'an. Later, after Ying Bu was executed, the title was transferred and the capital moved to Shouchun (present day Shou County).
In 164 BC, the kingdom was divided into three parts, one of which retained the name Huainan and continued to be administered from Shouchun. This was governed by Liu An, a notable scholar who authored the great Daoist classic, the Huainanzi. When Liu An committed suicide in 122 BC, the kingdom was abolished and the area renamed Jiujiang Commandery, which was its old name before 203 BC.
Towards the end of the Eastern Han Dynasty, Yuan Shu declared himself emperor of the so-called Zhong Dynasty and renamed the commandery Huainan Commandery. This entity remained generally intact till the Northern Song Dynasty, when it divided into the eastern and the western halves in 1071. This division was converted to a north-south one, with the line drawn along the Huai River, following a peace pact between the ruling bodies of the Southern Song Dynasty and Jin Empire.
The divided state persisted till the area was claimed by the Communist Party of China on January 18, 1949. The party renamed the area Huainan Coalmine Special District for its rich coal resources.
The area was controlled by Communist forces during the war with Japan. They set up Huainan District Station of Communications in 1942, issuing local postage stamps from then until sometime in 1944. 
Huainan is a major production center for coal, with an output of 43.28 million tons in 2006.
The city hosted the 17th China Tofu Cultural Festival on September 15-17, 2010, including the National Bean Products Exhibition.
- Anhui University of Science and Technology (安徽理工大学)
- Huainan Normal University (淮南师范学院)
- Huainan United University (淮南联合大学)
The key high school Huainan No.1 high school(For liberal arts) Huainan No.2 high school(For science) Huainan No.5 high school(For science) Huainan No.4 high school(For Art and Sports)
See also 
- The Postage Stamp Catalogue of the Chinese People's Revolutionary Period, published by Chinese Postage Stamp Museum
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to: Huainan|
- Government website of Huainan (Chinese) (English) (Korean)