Huang (surname)

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Huang or Hwang
Family name
SurnameHuang.svg
Chinese character representing Huang
Pronunciation

Huáng (Mandarin)
Hwang (Korean)
Huỳnh or Hoàng (Vietnamese)
N̂g, Ung or Ooi (Hûiⁿ) (Hokkien and Teochew)
Wong (Cantonese)

Wee (Hainanese)
Meaning Gold
Region of origin China
Language(s) of origin Chinese

Huang (simplified Chinese: ; traditional Chinese: ) is a Chinese surname that means "Yellow". While Huáng is the pinyin romanisation of the word, it may also be romanised as Hwang, Huong, Houang, Hoang, Wong, Hwong, Vong, Hung, Hong, Bong, Eng, Ng, Uy, Wee, Oi, Oei, Oey, or Ooi, Ong, or Ung due to pronunciations of the word in different dialects and languages.
This surname is known as Hwang in Korean. In Vietnam, the name is known as Hoàng or Huỳnh.

Huang is the 7th most common surname in China.[1] The population of Huangs in China and Taiwan was estimated at more than 29 million in 2000; it was also the surname of more than 2 million overseas Chinese, 4.3 million Vietnamese (5.1%), and an estimated 1 million Koreans (The 2000 census of South Korea revealed it was the surname for 644,294 South Koreans, ranked 17th).[2]

Pronunciations[edit]

Origin of Huang Surname[edit]

Huang is an ancient surname which origin could be traced back more than 4,200 years to the days of the legendary sage emperors preceding the Xia. There are few different sources of Huang surname origin.

House of Ying 赢 (from Boyi 伯益)[edit]

Shaohao 少昊 have a child, Gaoyao 皋陶 and Gaoyao have a child, Boyi 伯益. Boyi has job for flood control and get surname Ying (嬴) at early Xia dynasty period. Boyi married Emperor Shun's youngest daughter and gave birth to Da Lian 大廉. Xia Yu awarded the Huang kingdom to Da Lian, and his descendants are known as the Huangs.

There are total of 14 clans derived from Boyi Ying clan: Lian (廉), Xu (徐), Jiang (江), Qin (秦), Zhao (趙), Huang (黄), Liang (梁), Ma (馬), Ge (葛), Gu (谷), Mou (繆), Zhong (鍾), Fei (費), and Qu (瞿)

House of Gongsun 公孫/Ji 姬 (from Yellow Emperor 黄帝)[edit]

During the reign of Emperor Shun 帝舜, Hui Lian 惠连, the son of Lu Zhong 陆终, a descendant of the Yellow Emperor 黄帝 (Huang Di) scored merits in harnessing river floods. Emperor Shun conferred on Hui Lian the state of Can'hu 参胡 (in present-day region of Fenyang 汾阳, Shanxi province 山西省, China). It was the year 2220 BC. Emperor Shun renamed Can'hu 'State of Huang' 黄国, and bestowed on Hui Lian the surname 'Huang' 黄 and the name "Yun" 云. Hence, Hui Lian was also known as Huang Yun 黄云. Hui Lian became the Progenitor of the Huang surname clan. The descendants of Huang Yun (Hui Lian) ruled the Huang State of Shanxi until the early 'Spring and Autumn Period' 春秋时代 (722 BC-481 BC) when it was conquered by the State of Jin 晋国.

Development and Emigration[edit]

In 891 BC King Xiao of Zhou (Zhou Xiao Wang) 周孝王 conferred on the 53rd generation descendant of Hui Lian, Huang Xi 黄熙 (aka Huang Shi 黄石) the nobility of 'Hou' 侯 (Duke) and a fiefdom in the region east of the Han river 汉水 (in present-day region of Yicheng 宜城, Hubei 湖北 province) called 'Huang' 黄 (Not to be confused with the Huang State of Fenyang, Shanxi) with the four states Jiang 江, Huang 黄 (founded by 伯益 Bo Yi's descendants), Dao 道, and Bo 柏 in the Huang river 潢水 valley as vassals. The Huang State of Yicheng, Hubei was known as the 'Western Huang' (Xi Huang 西黄) in history.

In 845 BC Duke Wen 文侯 Huang Meng 黄孟 (aka Huang Zhang 黄璋) moved the capital of the State of Huang from Yicheng to Huangchuan 潢川 (present-day Huangchuan 潢川, Henan 河南省). Huang Xi's descendants ruled State of Huang until 648 BC when it was destroyed by the State of Chu 楚国. The Duke of Huang, Duke Mu 穆侯 Huang Qisheng 黄企生, fled to the state of Qi 齐国 (in present-day Linzi , Shandong province 山东省). The people of Huang were forced to relocate to Chu. They settled in the region of present-day Hubei province, in a region known as the Jiangxia Prefecture 江夏郡 during the Han dynasty (206 BC-AD 220) 汉朝. There are many places in this region today that were named after Huang e.g Huanggang 黄冈, Huangpi 黄陂, Huangmei 黄梅, Huangshi 黄石, Huangzhou 黄州 etc. A large number of the people of Huang were also relocated to regions south of the Changjiang/Yangtze River 长江. Among them were descendants of the aristocratic family of Huang, who later assimilated with the local indigenous tribes and their descendants became the Huangs of the non-Han ethnic minorities in south China today.

It was from Jiangxia where the Huang Clan later spread its branches to other parts of China and later on to other parts of the world, hence Jiangxia is regarded as the Cradle of the Huang Clan and the name "Jiangxia" was adopted as the clan's "Hall name" 堂号. Today, the Huang Surname Clan is known as the "Huang Clan of Jiangxia". The name "Jiangxia" has become a synonym of Huang surname clan.

During the Jin dynasty 晋朝 (AD 265-AD 420), when northern China was invaded by the barbarian tribes, many northerners (especially the aristocratic clans) moved to south China with the Jin court. It was during this period that the Huang Clanmen migrated to Fujian 福建省.

According to Min Shu 闽书 (Book of Min) (Quoted from Chung Yoon-Ngan): "During the second year (of the reign) of Yong Jia (308AD) the Central Plain was in chaos and the eight (aristocratic) Clans:- Lin 林, Huang 黄, Chen 陈, Zheng 郑, Zhan 詹, Qiu 邱, He 何, and Hu 胡, entered Min 闽 (present day Fujian province, China)."

From the Tang dynasty (AD 618-AD 907) onwards, Huang Clansmen migrated from Fujian to Guangdong 广东省 and the other southern provinces. Huang Clan grew into a big Clan in south China and it is the 3rd biggest surname clan in Southern China today.

Migration to Taiwan 台湾 began during the transition period from the Ming dynasty 明朝 (1368-1644) to Qing dynasty 清朝 (1644-1912), when many Huang Clansmen followed the Anti-Manchu Ming loyalist forces under Zheng Chenggong 郑成功, crossed the Taiwan straits to Taiwan island.

Huang migration overseas began as early as the 14th century during the Ming dynasty (1368-1644) to destinations in Southeast Asia. Migration to Americas began only in the mid-19th century following the forced opening of China's doors to the West. Huang is one of the largest Chinese surname clan in Americas today. The population of overseas Huang Clansmen was estimated at 2 million in 2000.

Huang[edit]

Huang (simplified Chinese: 黄; traditional Chinese: 黃) is a Chinese surname that means "gold". Huang is the 7th most common surname in China, and the 3rd most common surname in Taiwan. The population of Huangs in China and Taiwan was estimated at more than 29 million in 2000.

Historical Figures[edit]

Modern Figures[edit]

  • Huang Baitao 黄百韬 (1900–1948), Chinese Nationalist general active in the Second Sino-Japanese War and Chinese Civil War, for which he was twice awarded the Order of Blue Sky and White Sun, the highest honor a Chinese commander can achieve
  • Huang Binhong 黄宾虹 (1865-1955), Chinese art historian and literati painter
  • Huang Bingxuan 黄秉璇 Wong Peng Soon (1918–1996), Chinese Malaysian badminton player who reigned as a top player in Malaya from the 1930s to the 1950s
  • Huang Chuangshan 黄创山 Keeree Kanjanapas (born 1950), Thailand-based entrepreneur with extensive business interests in mass transit and real estate in the Kingdom of Thailand
  • Huang Chunming 黄春明 (born 1935), Taiwanese literary figure and teacher
  • Huang Chunping 黄春平 (born 1938), Chief commander of rocket system of China's Manned Space Program, deputy chief commander of the Jiuquan Space Launch Center, member of the National Committee of the Chinese People's Political Consultative Conference
  • Huang Dehui 黄德輝 Wong Doc-Fai (born 1948), Internationally recognized master of Choy Li Fut kung fu and T'ai chi ch'uan
  • Huang Fa 黄发 Ung Huot (born 1945), Former Prime Minister of Cambodia
  • Huang Fu 黄郛 (1883–1936), Former Premier and Acting President of Republic of China
  • Huang Gencheng 黄根成 Wong Kan Seng (born 1946), Former Deputy Primer Minister of Singapore
  • Huang Hongfa 黄宏发 Andrew Wong (born 1943), Last president of the Legislative Council of Hong Kong during British rule and the only person of Chinese ethnicity to have served in the position during British rule
  • Huang Huahua 黄华华 (born 1946), Former Governor of Guangdong Province, China
  • Huang Huixiang 黄惠祥 Michael Bambang Hartono (born 1941), Chinese Indonesian tobacco billionaire
  • Huang Huizhong 黄惠忠 Robert Budi Hartono (born 1940), Chinese Indonesian tobacco billionaire
  • Huang Jiguang 黄继光 (1931–1952), Highly decorated Chinese soldier during the Korean War
  • Huang Jiading 黄家定 Ong Ka Ting (born 1956), President of Malaysian Chinese Association (MCA), Minister of Housing and Local Government & Acting Minister of Health of Malaysia
  • Huang Jianguo 黄建国 Christianto Wibisono (born 1945), Prominent Chinese Indonesian business analyst in Indonesia
  • Huang Jianxiang 黄健翔 (born 1968), Renowned sports commentator in China
  • Huang Jie 黄杰 Huang Chieh (1902–1995), Kuomintang general from Hunan and Minister of Defense of Republic of China
  • Huang Jinhui 黄金辉 Wee Kim Wee (1915–2005), Former President of the Republic of Singapore
  • Huang Jinshao 黄锦绍 Delbert E. Wong (1920–2006), First Chinese-American judge in the continental United States
  • Huang Ju 黄菊 (1938–2007), Former Vice Premier of China
  • Huang Kan 黄侃 (1886–1935), Chinese philologist and revolutionary
  • Huang Kecheng 黄克诚 (1902–1986), Senior general in the People's Liberation Army
  • Huang Kun 黄昆 (1919–2005), Renowned physicist in solid-state physics. The Born–Huang approximation is partially named after him.
  • Huang Liushuang 黄柳霜 (1905–1961), First Chinese-American movie star and first Asian-American actress to gain international recognition
  • Huang Menzan 黄门赞 Mun Charn Wong (1918–2002), Chinese-American businessman and first Chinese-American fighter pilot
  • Huang Mengfu 黄孟复 (born 1944), Vice chairman of the China People's Political Consultative Conference and chairman of the All-China Federation of Industry and Commerce
  • Huang Minlon 黄鸣龙 (1898–1979), Renowned Chinese organic chemist and pharmaceutical scientist; pioneer and founder of modern pharmaceutical industries in China. The "Huang Modification" or "Huang-Minlon Modification" is named after Huang Minglon. It was the first time that a Chinese name appeared in an organic chemical reaction.
  • Huang Nubo 黄怒波 (born 1956), Chinese real estate developer, entrepreneur, poet and billionaire
  • Huang Peiqian 黄培谦 Puey Ungpakorn (1916–1999), Thai bureaucrat who played a central role in the shaping of Thailand's economic development and in the strengthening of its system of higher education
  • Huang Qiyao 黄齐耀 Tyrus Wong (born 1910), Chinese-American painter, muralist, ceramicist, lithographer, designer and kite maker
  • Huang Qingchang 黄庆昌 Wee Kheng Chiang (1890–1978), Singaporean businessman and founder of United Overseas Bank(UOB)
  • Huang Renxun 黄仁勋 Jen-Hsun Huang (born 1963), Co-founder, president and CEO of Nvidia Corporation
  • Huang Renyu 黄仁宇 Ray Huang (1918–2000), Chinese historian and philosopher, best known in his later years for the idea of macro history
  • Huang Rongting 黄荣庭 Ng Eng Teng (1934–2001), Singaporean Sculptor
  • Huang Ruyou 黄如佑 Loke Yew (1845–1917), Famous businessman and philanthropist in British Malaya. He was regarded as the richest man in British Malaya during his time.
  • Huang Shande 黄善德 Huang Sian Teh (born 1919), Taiwanese martial artist and former Army general
  • Huang Shaogu 黄少谷 Huang Shao-ku (1901–1996), Former Vice Premier of Republic of China
  • Huang Shengyi 黄圣依 (born 1983), Chinese actress
  • Huang Shun Liang 黄淳梁 Wong Shun Leung (1935–1997), Chinese martial artist in Wing Chun kung fu
  • Huang Tianxi 黄天喜 Thian Hee (1848–1925), Prominent military doctor, influential merchant and founder of the illustrious Sarasin Family in the Kingdom of Thailand
  • Huang Tingfang 黄廷芳 Ng Teng Fong (1928 – 2010), Singaporean real estate tycoon
  • Huang Wenbo 黄闻波 Boonchu Rojanastien (1921–2007), Former Deputy Prime Minister of Thailand
  • Huang Xianzhong 黄献中 (born 1947), General in the People's Liberation Army (PLA) of the People's Republic of China, and the current political commissar of the PLA Shenyang Military Region
  • Huang Xiaojing 黄小晶 (born 1946), Governor of Fujian Province, China
  • Huang Xiaoming 黄晓明 (born 1977), Chinese actor
  • Huang Xinxiang 黄馨祥 Patrick Soon-Shiong (born 1952), South African-born American surgeon, medical researcher, businessman, philanthropist, and professor at University of California at Los Angeles
  • Huang Xing 黄兴 (1874–1916), Chinese revolutionary leader, militarist, and statesman, and the first army commander-in-chief of the Republic of China
  • Huang Xingguo 黄兴国 (born 1954), Mayor of Tianjin, China
  • Huang Xingxian 黄性贤 Huang Sheng Shyan (1910–1992), Kung fu and t'ai chi master
  • Huang Xuhua 黄旭华, Chief designer of Chinese nuclear submarines
  • Huang Yafu 黄亚福 Wong Ah Fook (1837–1918), Chinese immigrant, entrepreneur, and philanthropist who left an indelible imprint on the state of Johor in present-day Malaysia
  • Huang Yanpei 黄炎培 (1878–1965), Chinese educator, industrialist, politician, and founding pioneer of the China Democratic League
  • Huang Yanyan 黄燕燕 Ng Yen Yen (born 1946), Malaysian politician, Former Minister of Tourism in the Malaysian Cabinet and Current Vice-President of Malaysian Chinese Association (MCA)
  • Huang Yicong 黄亦聪 Eka Tjipta Widjaja (born 1923), Chinese Indonesian billionaire
  • Huang Yijing 黄以静 Flossie Wong-Staal (born 1947), Chinese-American virologist and molecular biologist. She was the first scientist to clone HIV and determine the function of its genes, a major step in proving that HIV is the cause of AIDS.
  • Huang Yishan 黄易山 Yishan Wong, CEO of Reddit, co-founder at Mountain View coworking space Sunfire Offices, and advisor at Quora, an online knowledge market
  • Huang Yingxian 黄英贤 Penny Wong (born 1968), Australian politician who represents South Australia and Leader of the Opposition in the Senate
  • Huang Yonghong 黄永宏 Ng Eng Hen (born 1958), Minister of Defence of Singapore
  • Huang Yongsheng 黄永胜 (1910–1983), General of the China's People's Liberation Army
  • Huang Yudehu 黄欲德虎 Cham Prasidh (born 1951), Current Minister of Industry and Handicrafts and Former Minister of Commerce of Cambodia
  • Huang Yuanyong 黄远庸 (1885–1915), Renowned Chinese author and journalist during the late Qing dynasty and early Republic of China
  • Huang Yuetai 黄岳泰 Arthur Wong, Nine time Hong Kong Film Awards-winning cinematographer, actor, screenwriter, film producer and film director
  • Huang Zhan 黄沾 Wong Jim (1940–2004), Renowned lyricist and writer
  • Huang Zhelun 黄哲伦 David Henry Hwang (born 1957), Chinese-American playwright, librettist, and screenwriter, as well as a theater professor
  • Huang Zhexian 黄哲贤 Wong Jeh Shyan (born 1964), Former CEO of CommerceNet Singapore, and co-founder and CEO of Ecommerce Gateway Pte. Ltd.
  • Huang Zhen 黄镇 (1909 - 1989), Former Minister of Culture and Former Vice Minister of Foreign Affairs of People’s Republic of China
  • Huang Zhixian 黄志贤 Che Yin Wong (born 1959), Successful businessman and philanthropist from Hong Kong, China, and founder and chairman of Kong Fung International Group
  • Huang Zhixiang 黄志祥 Robert Ng (born 1952), Chairman of Hong Kong property development conglomerate Sino Group and Singaporean real estate billionaire
  • Huang Zhonghan 黄仲涵 Oei Tiong Ham (1866–1924), Chinese Indonesian businessman
  • Huang Zhi Wei 黄志玮 Jerry Huang Zhi Wei, 21-st Century Taiwanese Actor/Model
  • Huang Zi 黄自 Huang Tzu (1904–1938), Chinese musician of the early 20th century
  • Huang Zihua 黄子华 Dayo Wong (born 1960), Hong Kong stand-up comedian, actor, presenter, screenwriter, and singer-songwriter who is the pioneer of stand-up comedy in Hong Kong
  • Huang Zitao 黄子韬 Tao (born 1993), Rapper, singer, dancer, and martial arts expert of the Chinese-South Korean boy band EXO
  • Huang Zongren 黄宗仁 Wee Chong Jin (1917–2005), Judge and the first Chief Justice of Singapore
  • Huang Zongzhan 黄宗沾 James Wong Howe (1899–1976), Chinese-American cinematographer
  • Huang Zuyao 黄祖耀 Wee Cho Yaw (born 1929), Singaporean businessman and the current Chairman of the United Overseas Bank (UOB) and United Industrial Corporation(UIC) in Singapore

Hwang[edit]

Main article: Hwang (Korean name)

Hwang (Hangul : 황) is a common Korean family name. Hwang is the equivalent of the Chinese surname Huang. Hwangs make up roughly 1.5% of the Korean population; the 2000 South Korean census found 644,294 in that country. Hwang Rak (황락 黃洛) is the envoy of China during the Han Dynasty. He was shipping from China to Vietnam in AD 28. But the ship had struggled against the wind and waves in the sea. In this Result, Hwang Rak had drifted the sea. Finally, He was arrived Korea during the Silla Dynasty. This place is PyeongHae-Gun(大韓民國 慶尙北道 平海郡), GyeongSang-BukDo, Korea. He is naturalized as a Silla citizen. He also becomes a progenitor of Hwang in Korea.

List of Notable People with the surname Hwang

  • Hwang Chansung 황찬성 (born 1990), South-Korean singer of 2PM
  • Hwang Chisin 황치신黃致身(1397–1484), Minister of Joseon Dynasty
  • Hwang Cuevas 황 쿠에바스 Tia (born 1997), Member of a South-Korean idol group called Chocolat (band)
  • Hwang Gi-Chun 황기천 (1760–1821), Korean painter of the late Joseon period
  • Hwang Hui 황희 黃喜 (1363–1452), Royal prime minister during the rule of Taejong and Sejong the Great of the Joseon Dynasty
  • Hwang Hyo-sook 황효숙 Lexy (singer) (born 1977), South-Korean singer
  • Hwang Hyon 황현 黃玹 ( 1856-1910), Korean scholar, poet and historian
  • Hwang Ildong 황일동 黃一東 D Hwang (born 1969), South-Korean sculptor and painter
  • Hwang In-ho 황인호, South-Korean film director and screenwriter
  • Hwang In-suk 황인숙 (born 1958), modern South-Korean poet
  • Hwang In-sung 황인성 黃寅性, Former Prime Minister of South Korea
  • Hwang Jang Lee 황정리 (born 1944), South-Korean martial artist and film actor
  • Hwang Jang-yop 황장엽 黃長燁 (1923–2010), Former North-Korean politician and North Korean defector to South Korea
  • Hwang Jeong-mok 황정목 Dennis Hwang (born 1978), Korean-American graphic artist[3]
  • Hwang Ji-u 황지우 黃芝雨 (born 1952), South-Korean poet
  • Hwang Jin 황진 黃進 (1550–1593), Korean general during Japanese invasions of Korea
  • Hwang Jin-i 황진이 黃眞伊 (1506–1560), Legendary kisaeng of the Joseon Dynasty
  • Hwang Jin-Woo 황진우 (born 1983), South-Korean auto racing driver
  • Hwang Jun-muk 황준묵 (born 1963), South-Korean mathematician
  • Hwang Jung-Oh황정오 (born 1958), South-Korean judoka
  • Hwang Kwang Hee 황광희 (born 1988), South-Korean singer of ZE:A
  • Hwang Kyo-ahn (born 1957), Minister of Justice of South-Korea
  • Hwang Mi-Young 황미영 Tiffany Hwang (born 1989), Korean-American singer, a member of girl group, Girls' Generation
  • Hwang Minhyun 황민현 (born 1995), South-Korean singer, member of NU'EST
  • Hwang Pyong-so 황병서 黃炳誓 (born 1949), North Korean general and politician who holds the rank of Vice Marshal in the Korean People's Army
  • Hwang Sin 황신 黃愼 (1560–1617), Korean diplomat and ambassador to Japan during Joseon Dynasty
  • Hwang Sok-yong 황석영 黃晳暎 (born 1943), South-Korean novelist
  • Hwang Susin 황수신 黃守身 (1407–1467), Prime Minister of Joseon Dynasty
  • Hwang Sun-Hong 황선홍(born 1968), South-Korean football player[4]
  • Hwang Sun-mi 황선미 黃善美 (born 1963), South Korean author and professor
  • Hwang Sun-won 황순원 黃順元 (1915–2000), South-Korean short story writer, novelist, and poet
  • Hwang Tong-gyu 황동규 (born 1938), Korean poet and critic.
  • Hwang Woo-Suk 황우석 黃禹錫 (born 1953), South Korean veterinarian and researcher
  • Hwang Woo-yea 황우여 黃佑呂 (born 1947), Deputy Prime Minister and Minister of Education of South-Korea
  • Hwang Young-Cho 황영조 (born 1970), South-Korean athlete
  • Hwang Young-Min 황영민 Tim (singer) (born 1981), Korean-American singer
  • Hwang Yu-mi 황유미 (born 1983), South-Korean badminton player
  • Hwang Yunseok 황윤석 黃允石 (1929 - 1961), First female judge of South Korea

Hoàng/Huỳnh[edit]

The Vietnamese versions of this surname are Hoàng and Huỳnh. According to Lê Trung Hoa, a Vietnamese scholar, approximately 5.1 percent of Vietnamese people have this surname.[5] The original form of this surname was Hoàng. But in southern Vietnam, Hoàng was ordered to be changed (excluding the Hoàng Trọng family) to Huỳnh due to a naming taboo with the name of Lord Nguyễn Hoàng .

Notable people with family name Hoàng
Notable people with family name Huỳnh

Fictional Characters with Surname Huang[edit]

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Meaning of Chinese names - H
  2. ^ "Huang". Archived from the original on Feb 6, 2008. Retrieved 2005-12-15. 
  3. ^ Williams, David E (July 19, 2006). "Google's unknown artist has huge following". CNN. Retrieved 2007-09-21. 
  4. ^ Yi, Jong-seong (2006-04-14). "이동국, '제2의 황선홍'이 되어줬으면". Daum Media. Retrieved 2007-09-21. 
  5. ^ Lê Trung Hoa (2005). Họ và tên người Việt Nam, Hà Nội, Việt Nam: NXB Khoa học Xã hội

External links[edit]