|Water Margin character|
|Nickname||"Guardian of the Three Mountains"
|Rank||38th, Malignant Star (地煞星) of the 72 Earthly Fiends|
|Tiger Cub Scouting General of Liangshan|
|Origin||Imperial general from Qingzhou (in present-day Shandong)|
|First appearance||Chapter 33|
|Weapon||Sword of Death (喪門劍)|
Huang Xin is a fictional character in the Water Margin, one of the Four Great Classical Novels of Chinese literature. He ranks 38th of the 108 Liangshan heroes and 2nd of the 72 Earthly Fiends. He is nicknamed "Guardian of the Three Mountains".
Huang Xin is a military general from Qingzhou (in present-day Shandong). He is famous for his prowess in martial arts. Once, he boasts that he can take on the outlaw bands based on the three mountains in Qingzhou (Mount Qingfeng, Mount Twin Dragons and Mount Peach Blossom). He is thus nicknamed "Guardian of Three Mountains".
Becoming an outlaw
Liu Gao, the official in charge of Qingfeng Fort, arrests Song Jiang. Murong Yanda, the governor of Qingzhou, sends Huang Xin to lead some soldiers to escort Song Jiang back to Qingzhou. Song Jiang's friend Hua Rong confronts Liu Gao and rescues Song. Huang Xin is an associate of Hua Rong and he believes Liu Gao, thinking that Hua has decided to betray the imperial court by siding with an outlaw. Huang Xin tricks Hua Rong into attending a banquet under the pretext that he wants to help both sides resolve the conflict. Hua Rong is ambushed and captured by Huang Xin's men.
Huang Xin returns to Qingzhou with the two prisoners. Along the way, Yan Shun, Wang Ying and Zheng Tianshou lead the outlaws from Mount Qingfeng to attack Huang Xin's convoy and attempt to free the captives. Huang Xin takes on the three outlaw leaders alone but he is outnumbered and decides to retreat to Qingfeng Fort. Murong Yanda sends Qin Ming to subdue the outlaws but Qin falls into a trap and is captured by them. Song Jiang persuades Qin Ming to join them and Qin agrees and volunteers to convince Huang Xin to join them as well. Huang Xin agrees and he opens the gates of Qingfeng Fort for the outlaws to enter. The outlaws kill Liu Gao and his family for revenge and return to Liangshan Marsh in triumph.
Huang Xin becomes one of the scouting generals of the Liangshan cavalry after the Grand Assembly. He joins the heroes on their campaigns against the Liao invaders and rebel forces after they have been granted amnesty by the emperor. Huang Xin survives the Fang La campaign and returns to the capital. The emperor reinstates him as a general in Qingzhou in recognition of his contributions to the nation during the campaigns.
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- Buck, Pearl. All Men are Brothers. Moyer Bell Ltd, 2006. ISBN 9781559213035.
- Zhang, Lin Ching. Biographies of Characters in Water Margin. Writers Publishing House, 2009. ISBN 978-7506344784.
- Keffer, David. Outlaws of the Marsh.
- Miyamotois, Yoko. Water Margin: Chinese Robin Hood and His Bandits.
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