Huangchuan County

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Huangchuan County
潢川县
County
Huangchuan is located in Henan
Huangchuan
Huangchuan
Location in Henan
Coordinates: 32°08′13″N 115°02′52″E / 32.13694°N 115.04778°E / 32.13694; 115.04778Coordinates: 32°08′13″N 115°02′52″E / 32.13694°N 115.04778°E / 32.13694; 115.04778
Country People's Republic of China
Province Henan
Prefecture Xinyang
Settled c. 21st century BC
 - Yiyang County 206 BC
 - Guangzhou 712 AD
 - Huangchuan 1913 AD
Government
 • Secretary vacancy (CPC)
 • Magistrate Zhao Liang
Area[1]
 • County 1,661.1 km2 (641.4 sq mi)
 • Water 107 km2 (41 sq mi)
 • Metro 33.4 km2 (12.9 sq mi)
Dimensions
 • Length 53 km (33 mi)
 • Width 44.5 km (27.7 mi)
Elevation 45 m (148 ft)
Highest elevation[2] 330 m (1,080 ft)
Lowest elevation[2] 30 m (100 ft)
Population (2009)
 • County 838,000
 • Density 500/km2 (1,300/sq mi)
 • Metro 280,000
 • Metro density 8,400/km2 (22,000/sq mi)
Time zone China Standard (UTC+8)
Postal code 465150
Area code(s) 376
ISO 3166 code CN-41-11-25
Licence plate prefix 豫S3
Website www.huangchuan.gov.cn

Huangchuan County (simplified Chinese: 潢川县; traditional Chinese: 潢川縣; pinyin: Huángchuān Xiàn; local pronunciation: Huāngchuǎn Xiàn) is a county of southeastern Henan province, People's Republic of China. It is located in the center of Xinyang City, straddling the Huang River. That is why it is named Huangchuan, meaning where Huang River flows.

History[edit]

Origin and early development[edit]

Recorded in Bamboo Annals, Huangchuan was settled as a tribe of Huang during Xia Dynasty, in the 21st century BCE. In the beginning of Zhou Dynasty, Huang was founded as a vassal state, which is considered root of the Chinese surname Huang.[3] Huang was counquered by Chu in 648 BCE, during the Spring and Autumn Period.

Remains of the capital of Huang was discovered in Longgu, a township 6 kilometers northwest to the urban area of Huangchuan.[4]

Empire period[edit]

After the Qin Dynasty. Huangchuan was generally established as a Zhou, a Commendary or a county.

According to Brief Sketch of North Parts of Ming Dynasty (Chinese: 明季北略), a book by Ji Liu-qi (Chinese: 计六奇) recording the transitional period from the Ming to the Qing, Huangchuan (then Guangzhou) was devastated and the residents massacred by the peasant army. And now residents in Huangchuan are mainly descendants of migrants from Jiangxi, Fujian and Guangdong settled down during the period of Kangxi.

Republic period[edit]

In 1913, Huangchuan was renamed to its current name.[5]

In 2009, Huang-Guang Integration project was launched aiming to integrate Huangchuan County and neighboring Guangshan County.

Former names[edit]

  • traditional Chinese: 黃國; simplified Chinese: 黄国; pinyin: Huángguó
  • traditional Chinese: 弋陽; simplified Chinese: 弋阳; pinyin: Yìyáng
  • Chinese: 定城; pinyin: Dìngchéng
  • Chinese: 光州; pinyin: Guāngzhōu

Geography[edit]

Huangchuan borders the Huai River in the north, which is regarded as part of the geographical dividing line between North China and South China.

Huang River, a tributary of Huai River, is pronounced the same as Yellow River yet with different characters. Local residents usually call it Little Huang River (pinyin: Xiǎo Huáng Hé).

The annual mean temperature is 15.3 °C (59.5 °F) and precipitation averages 1,039 millimetres (40.9 in).

Administrative Divisions[edit]

Huangchuan County currently has 4 subdistricts, 9 towns and 8 townships.[6] The county was reorganized in 2005, when the townships of Xiaoludian (小吕店乡) and Pengjiadian (彭家店乡), and the town of Niugang (牛岗镇) were assimilated into neighboring towns and townships.

Subdistricts (街道)[edit]

Towns (镇)[edit]

Townships (乡)[edit]

Transport[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ 潢川简介 [Introduction of Huangchuan] (in Chinese). 天气网. 
  2. ^ a b 河南林业厅 (29 Oct 2008). "信阳基本地理信息分析" [Basics of Geography of Xinyang] (in Chinese). 河南户外联盟. Retrieved 25 Jul 2012. 
  3. ^ 邹克祥 (2001). "天下黄姓出江夏" [Those Surnamed Huang All From Jiangxia]. 武汉文史资料 (in Chinese) (06). 黄,即古黄国,黄国后被楚所灭,黄国人变成了黄氏楚国人。 
  4. ^ 金荣权 (2009). 古黄国历史变迁与文化特征综论 [the Historical Transition and Cultural Characteristics of Old Huang State]. Academic Journal of Zhongzhou (in Chinese) (01). 
  5. ^ 华林甫 (Dec 2003). 当代中国县城通名改革研究 [Research of The County Name Reforming of Modern China]. Collections of Essays on Chinese Historical Geography (in Chinese) 18 (04): 68. 唐太极元年(712年)迁光州州治于今潢川县城,此后一直为州治(清雍正初至宣统年间光州为直隶州)。1913年改光州为潢川县。今潢川县城作为光州州治长达一千多年。 
  6. ^ 2011年统计用区划代码和城乡划分代码:潢川县 (in Chinese). National Bureau of Statistics of the People's Republic of China. Retrieved 2013-01-01.